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# Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor

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Manager
Joined: 13 May 2010
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Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 11 Apr 2019, 23:19
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

19% (01:32) correct 81% (01:23) wrong based on 244 sessions

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Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.

A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring

B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore

C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore

D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring

E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

Originally posted by gmatcracker2010 on 31 May 2010, 11:42.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Apr 2019, 23:19, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2010, 08:17
6
hyper-grazing - a phenomenon not itself performs some action. So, D and E remains.

In D, remove the middle man to check the sentence connectivity:
...hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep) as well as pests, boring...holes through large tree trunks.

Here, the gerund BORING is awkwardly modifying entire clause, which is wrong. So, E is correct.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.
A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

OA is

How do we solve this kind of Qs where you have fillers?
##### General Discussion
Intern
Joined: 30 Mar 2010
Posts: 40
Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2010, 16:29
1
IM not an expert ... LOL

65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.
A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

A. present participle with a comma is a verb modifier (not a noun modifier)
B. present participle with a comma is a verb modifier (not a noun modifier)
C. "along with" changes the meaning from "or"
D. "as well as" changes the meaning from "or"
E. CORRECT
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2010, 14:19
1
Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track X or Y
X = hypergrazing, which is blah blah (Noun followed by non restrictive adjective clause)
Y = pests that bore... (Noun followed by a restrictive adjective clause)

In D - the parallel effect is not maintained. The hypergrazing part uses Noun and Adjective clause where as Pests part uses a reduced adjective clause (pests boring holes etc). This causes the "awkwardness" described below.

ykaiim wrote:
hyper-grazing - a phenomenon not itself performs some action. So, D and E remains.

In D, remove the middle man to check the sentence connectivity:
...hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep) as well as pests, boring...holes through large tree trunks.

Here, the gerund BORING is awkwardly modifying entire clause, which is wrong. So, E is correct.

gmatcracker2010 wrote:
65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.
A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

OA is

How do we solve this kind of Qs where you have fillers?
Intern
Joined: 19 Feb 2010
Posts: 5
Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2010, 11:36
B C & D are straight out, as they use "As well as" & "Along With".. which are substitutes for And, and here we have to use "or".....

Boring as rightly said by someone above, sounds totally wierd in reference to the context and thus provokes us cent percent to shun that option too..

leaving us with the only poor option to be clicked "E".......
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GMAT Date: 10-21-2011
Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2011, 05:41
[quote2gmatcracker2010]65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.

A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore[/quote2]

First strike
as well as, along with --> eliminate B, C and D

Second strike
E modifies 'hyper-grazing' appropriately.

[quote2apex1umt]B C & D are straight out, as they use "As well as" & "Along With".. which are substitutes for And, and here we have to use "or".....[/quote2]
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2011, 01:09
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.
A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

OA is

How do we solve this kind of Qs where you have fillers?

Splits
1. "destroying" vs "which is the destruction"
"which is the destruction" is correct
2. "as well as" vs. "or"
"or" is correct
3. "pests, boring" vs "pests that bore"
pests that bore is correct

Hence E
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2011, 05:56
I differ with others on this one.

hyper-grazing is a phenomenon which suggestively causes damage to top foliage and additionally to the pests . Hence I am leaning towards C here.

There is another reason I do not like E.

"which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore" => if the parallelism is assumed to be correct here , it means that hyper grazing by animals is the destruction of pests... => doesn't make sense.

Crick
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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03 Jun 2012, 07:12
gmatcracker2010 wrote:
65. Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring holes through large tree trunks.
A. destroying the top foliage, or pests, boring
B. destroying the top foliage, as well as pests that bore
C. which destroys the top foliage, along with pests that bore
D. which is the destruction of top foliage, as well as pests, boring
E. which is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore

OA is

How do we solve this kind of Qs where you have fillers?

If we replace pronoun "which" with its antecedent "hyper-grazing", it sounds more like definition for hyper-grazing than describing the issue because of hyper-grazing.

Replacing option E in original sentence-
Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most afforestation programs, they fail to track hyper-grazing (by goats and sheep), <hyper-grazing> is the destruction of the top foliage, or pests that bore holes through large tree trunks.

Given this, I don't think option E is correct.
Kindly help me with the understanding
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor  [#permalink]

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22 Jan 2019, 20:58
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Re: Though clearing and burning activities are kept in check by most affor   [#permalink] 22 Jan 2019, 20:58
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