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# Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide

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Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2007, 18:46
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Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

(A) Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(B) Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(C) Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit

(D) Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit

(E) Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it
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Re: Sentence Correction MGMAT [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 10:01
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Quote:
Free kudos point:

Can someone post a pointer as to how to distinguish between active and passive voice in this example? I know active is when X is doing the action whereas passive is when X has something done to it. I'm just not seeing it in this example.

A. Though most people take it for granted now - people [subject] are doing action [taking for granted]

B Though it is now taken for granted[action done] by most people[subject] - passive

BY subject - indicates passive voice.
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Re: Sentence Correction MGMAT [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 10:08
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Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

A Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit- short,crisp and correct

B the admission of nationwide students - changes meaning

C passive, wordier,incorrect

D Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit them refers to admission, singular/plural issue

E Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it it refers to academic merit
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Re: Sentence Correction MGMAT [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 11:51
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iamitgoyal wrote:
Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

A Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

B Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

C Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit

D Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit

E Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it

Assuming that people here may easily reduce their choices to A and B, so I am discussing these two only.
On reading the not underlined part, one may notice that "its a recent phenomenon". Since we are supposed to show a contast, we can do so by the use of any contrasting word. Also notice the use of "now". In A it is emphasizing on time sequence, but in B it is emphasizing on the number of people.
Since we are supposed to draw a contrast between the not underlined part and the underlined part, hence A is preferred.
Hope that helps.
-s
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Re: Most people take it for granted... [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 22:36
Already we a have a thread where there is good amount of discussion on it... if u have any specific query please add in the same thread..it helps students like us go through a single thread and review all the points...

http://gmatclub.com/forum/though-most-people-take-it-for-granted-now-the-nationwide-141340.html?fl=similar
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 02:19
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A Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit --- correct modification and reference for the pronoun -it- .

B Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit ----Wrong word choice --- Can the phrase nationwide students be defined? Are there any non-nationwide students?

C Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit ----Colleges are taken to be granted; wrong modification

D Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit --- 1. same error as in B 2. The word taken is missing. With -them- referring to students, choice implies that the students are for granted now. The meaning is muddled.

E Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it ---- the use of –and- spoils the essence of the contrast that the original intended to expose.

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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 19:46
Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

A Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit
Correct.

B Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit
Wrong. Passive voice. Also, correct idiom is "take it for granted", not "is taken for granted by"

C Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit
Wrong modifier.

D Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit
Wrong. The admission is singular.

E Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it
Wrong. "It" is unclear.
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Re: Most people take it for granted... [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 23:28
sujit2k7 wrote:
Already we a have a thread where there is good amount of discussion on it... if u have any specific query please add in the same thread..it helps students like us go through a single thread and review all the points...

http://gmatclub.com/forum/though-most-people-take-it-for-granted-now-the-nationwide-141340.html?fl=similar

thanx for ur suggestion...but many new students join every day..and i am among them..and as you can see 57% have given wrong answer...

i found this question difficult and thought of sharing with others...hope ypu dont have any probs with that..
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Re: Most people take it for granted... [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2013, 23:29
solution..

The original sentence begins with an opening modifier that correctly modifies the nationwide admission of students.

(A) CORRECT. This choice is correct as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) The use of the initial modifier in this choice is correct. However, the adjective “nationwide” is incorrectly applied to students, when it is meant to apply to the admission process.

(C) Here, the modifier is adjacent to the subject “colleges and universities,” incorrectly suggesting that colleges and universities are taken for granted as opposed to the admission process.

(D) This sentence incorrectly uses the pronoun “them” to refer to the “admission” which is a singular subject. The use of the pronoun “their” is also unclear as the antecedent could be construed to be “colleges and universities” as opposed to the intended antecedent, "students."

(E) Using the word "and" at the end of the underline makes the meaning of this sentence less clear by failing to draw an appropriate contrast between the current state of taking the nationwide admission of students for granted and the fact that it is a relatively recent phenomenon. A more appropriate word choice would be "but": "Most people now take for granted..., but it is a relatively recent phenomenon."
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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14 May 2013, 22:10
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 00:44
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2014, 23:46
what is the antecedent of "it" in A? Please help!!
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2016, 10:57
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2017, 13:44
sairam wrote:
"based on academic merit" refers to students and not the colleges and universities.Hence C looks ok for me.

Good point (and I think completely overlooked by other posts), the problem is that a noun modifier does not always have to stand directly next to the noun. It can "jump" prepositional phrases such as "of students to colleges and universities". Hence it correctly modifies admission
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2017, 23:08
applecrisp wrote:
Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

(A) Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(B) Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(C) Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit

(D) Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit

(E) Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it

IMO A is best.
B - passive construction and nationwide is wrongly modifying students when it is intended to modify admission.
C - no contrast and also it distorts the meaning in saying "Colleges and Universities admitting students" is a a relatively recent phenomenon.
D - same error as B
E - nationally - not correct and what does "it" refers to ?
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2017, 06:51
Bunuel Please suggest, is my reasoning is right
(A) Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(B) Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit
"it" at the start of sentence is ambigous should be closed to admission. but this reason can be wrong ,

i think better reason should be nationwide is incorrectly referring to students

(C) Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit
I rejected it because of 'their', I see in comment about passive construction.but not sure about rule for passive construction

(D) Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit
"them" -- this is unclear and ambiguous

(E) Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it

"it" -- This is ambigous because it is unclear whether it refers to academic merit or admission based on merit
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2017, 19:12
Though I was able to mark the correct answer. But still want to understand, what does 'it' here refer to ? Is it for admission ? As pronoun can't refer to the clause, my guess is that it must be admission
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2017, 23:40
applecrisp wrote:
Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon, beginning only after World War II.

(A) Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(B) Though it is now taken for granted by most people, the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on academic merit

(C) Now taken for granted by most people, colleges and universities admitting students based on their academic merit

(D) Most take them for granted now, but the admission of nationwide students to colleges and universities based on their academic merit

(E) Most people now take for granted that colleges and universities admit students nationally based on academic merit, and it
Though /although generally indicates contrast and need a clause..it refers to the nationwide admission without any ambiguity...OA should be A.
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Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2017, 05:36
ankujgupta wrote:
Though I was able to mark the correct answer. But still want to understand, what does 'it' here refer to ? Is it for admission ? As pronoun can't refer to the clause, my guess is that it must be admission

Yes, your understanding is correct - "it" refers to the noun phrase "the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit", not the whole clause "the nationwide admission of students to colleges and universities based on academic merit is a relatively recent phenomenon".
Re: Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide   [#permalink] 11 Mar 2017, 05:36

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# Though most people take it for granted now, the nationwide

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