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# Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a

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Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 05:27
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Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century
(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2014, 22:23
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Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
Though there is a pronoun ambiguity but it can still be resolved.

(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century -> Imitations of western designers doesn't make sense

(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
was it -> is not required
to imitation -> Completely wrong

(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
imitate whom or what?

(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century
Inspirations of western designers -> aweful
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2013, 23:06
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The ‘it’ in Choice A has no more than a place holder value ; So let’s not bother much about it;

But look at the whole episode in a different angle; the pronoun ‘they’ in choices B, C and E does not have a clear reference; It can stand either for the contacts or for the artefacts equivocally.

Choice D suffers from serious grammatical flaw. Once we say ‘until’ then the tenure is limited and you cannot use a present perfect verb; so also in Choice C.

We are left with just A, which dodges these pitfalls and seems best.
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2013, 15:16
mun23 wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century
(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century

(B) refers to "imitations of western designers," etc. The artifacts were imitated, not the designers and artists!
(C) says that the artifacts "have inspired" designers, etc. We can't use the present perfect to refer to something that happened over a century ago.
(D) Same deal as C.
(E) Even if we add the needed apostrophes to make "designers, artists, and crafters" possessive, "inspirations of designers' imitations" is still not idiomatic, and the meaning is not terribly clear. The usage in A is much better.
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2013, 21:27
mun23 wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century
(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century

What is the pronoun "it" referring to? Isn't the noun artifacts and it is plural so should it not be they?
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2013, 13:56
brajeshchugh wrote:
mun23 wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
(B)they did not inspire imitations of western designers,artists, and crafters until it was the later half of the nineteenth century
(C)not until the later half of the nineteenth century was it that they have inspired western designers,artists ,and crafters to imitation
(D)until the later half of the nineteenth century western designers,artists ,and crafters have not been inspired to imitate
(E)they were not inspirations of western designers,artists, and crafters imitations until the later half of the nineteenth century

What is the pronoun "it" referring to? Isn't the noun artifacts and it is plural so should it not be they?

Actually no, The "it" in "it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them." refers to the object of THAT sentence, which comes after the word "THAT" western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2014, 10:10
kinjiGC wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
Though there is a pronoun ambiguity but it can still be resolved.

Any reason why you consider them to be ambiguous?
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2014, 10:35
EducationAisle wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a stir from the very first European contacts with the new world in the sixteenth century,it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists and crafters were inspired to imitate them.

(A)it was not until the later half of the nineteenth century that western designers,artists, and crafters were inspired to imitate them.
Though there is a pronoun ambiguity but it can still be resolved.

Any reason why you consider them to be ambiguous?

I was thinking about "artifacts" and "European contacts" and logically western designers cannot imitate the artifacts. That was my reasoning.
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2014, 10:57
kinjiGC wrote:
I was thinking about "artifacts" and "European contacts" and logically western designers cannot imitate the artifacts. That was my reasoning.

Actually western designers (or artists and crafters) cannot be an antecedent of them. The reason being that them cannot refer to a noun in the same clause. Let's look at an example. Suppose after winning a match, the players were proud of their performance. Then, we would not say:

After winning the match, players were proud of them.

What is more appropriate is:

After winning the match, players were proud of themselves.
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2015, 05:37
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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01 May 2017, 15:01
In the official explanation of this question. Option B is rejected because " IT" in the line " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." does not have a referent.
Whereas in Option A the same "It" is taken as place holder so can anyone explain when to take "It" as a placeholder and when "It" needs a referent ?
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Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a [#permalink]

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05 May 2017, 02:54
dixitraghav wrote:
In the official explanation of this question. Option B is rejected because " IT" in the line " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." does not have a referent.
Whereas in Option A the same "It" is taken as place holder so can anyone explain when to take "It" as a placeholder and when "It" needs a referent ?

In option B, there is no " It was not untill later half of nineteen century..." as you mentioned. You seem to have confused something.

Nonetheless please refer to this explanation why B is wrong:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/though-the-a ... l#p1194988
Re: Though the artifacts of pre-columbian civilization created a   [#permalink] 05 May 2017, 02:54
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