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# Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel

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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2007, 06:22
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60% (00:58) correct 40% (01:07) wrong based on 1297 sessions

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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?
OA: C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Vyshak on 11 Jun 2017, 01:30, edited 5 times in total.

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2007, 08:01
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Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from
tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-
jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
[Incorrect - therefore should be used in place of will because a consequence is drawn based on facts + subjective pronoun they is used in place of objective pronoun those]

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards
that are as stringent as those of
[Incorrect - improper preposition of]

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for
[Correct - therefore, those, for; all of them are ok in context]

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
[Incorrect - which does not draw a consequence from facts while in this construct a consequence is drwan based on stated facts]

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control
standards as stringent as those of
[Incorrect - Excessive pronoun they]

Please do not mention OA at the same time, that makes thought process biased.

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2007, 23:28
C.

chewj, I believe it has to do with a paralellism (will have - will not be subject). Do you guys agree?

I also think that the extra coma after powered in A, B and D makes you read it like this:

... it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles

when you are still talking about SUVs. What do you think?

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2010, 00:06
This question took me 2 min to sort out the pronouns reference and parallelism.

Difficult question.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2010, 08:09
So the idiom is subject to rather than subjected to?
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2010, 19:28
C. powered and therefore (engines are) not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for

standards for is idiomatic.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2010, 10:42
could anybody comment on subject vs subjected?
which is correct?
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2012, 00:03
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Though I am a bit late noburu, but will still answer your question.
In the non underlined part the sentence states that "it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."
Hope its clear
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2012, 08:36
2
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chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?

Why choice A is wrong. Let me explain the reason.

powered, and will not be subjected to emission.... In this case, the main subject of "and will" is IT from "it will have no effect on...". There are no meaning if the subject of the second part is IT.

Three others choices B, D, and E, "and therefore" play different role, but wrong subject lead to wrong meaning.

In choice C, "and therefore" without comma before make the subject of this part is "all of which" (which stood for sport utility vehicles.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2012, 09:09
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Marcab wrote:
Though I am a bit late noburu, but will still answer your question.
In the non underlined part the sentence states that "it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."
Hope its clear

Dude Marcab I think thats not the reason.

"it will have no effect on SUVs and therefore will not subject to..."

it refers to Law, the laws are subjected to emissions-control standards, SUV are.
In the correct answer C, we have parallelism between "SUVs, which are gasoline powered and which are not subject to"

Cheers

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 01:11
Can some gurus help ? Is it a gmat prep question can some one confirm?

My take on the question...

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles , from tractor trailers to excursion buses,
it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of
which are gasoline powered,
and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent
as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

a
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
the subject of the sentence is 'The Law' - making it wrong

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
which refers to sport vehicles , it should be "are not subjected to"- as passive format used ; also they is referring to again to vehicles

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

they - from parallelism point it should be the law, laws for is correct ,laws of is incorrect

so for me none of these, but if it is a Official question i need to learn...please some one help
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2013, 02:10
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sujit2k7 wrote:
Can some gurus help ? Is it a gmat prep question can some one confirm?

My take on the question...

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles , from tractor trailers to excursion buses,
it will have no effect on sport utility vehicles, almost all of
which are gasoline powered,
and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent
as they are for diesel-powered vehicles.

a
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
the subject of the sentence is 'The Law' - making it wrong

B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for
the missing subject can only be : The law - so meaning is changed

D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
which refers to sport vehicles , it should be "are not subjected to"- as passive format used ; also they is referring to again to vehicles

E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

they - from parallelism point it should be the law, laws for is correct ,laws of is incorrect

so for me none of these, but if it is a Official question i need to learn...please some one help

Hi Sujit,

This question is not from a reliable source. It seems to be from GDW, a Chinese guy who claims to have remembered all of his GMAT tests' questions. But there are a lot of such questions floating on the net, so it is doubtful that this question is official.

Even though the source is doubtful, (C) looks best of all the answer choices.

The missing subject is not "the law" but the sport utility vehicles. Lets replace all the pronouns with their antecedents into the sentence.

all of sport utility vehicles are gasoline powered and all of sports utility vehicles are therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as the emissions-control standards for diesel-powered vehicles.. Moreover, (C) correctly uses the present simple tense to express a characteristic that is usually true for gasoline engines.

(B) and (E) are incorrect in their use of "those of", it should be "those for". In (A) and (B) the missing subject is "it", which refers to "the law". If (C) would have got a comma before "and" then the missing subject would have been "the Law". 'they" in (D) is ambiguous as it can refer to either "emission standards" or "vehicles"

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2013, 03:49
chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from
tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-
jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards
that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control
standards as stringent as those of

I chose A, but the listed answer is C.
the idiom is: be subjecte to or just subject to??
Which one is better?

this question is a good one, and make me remember a gmatprep question "as varied as china and hungary". pls, google to find this question.

this is hardest question among the comparision question.

- by idiom, "of" is incorrect so B and E is out
- regarding A,c and d.

the comparision phrase is

standards as stringent as AAAA"

3 points to remember of comparision: clear comparision elements, correct ellipssis and the same structure in 2 sides of comparision.

in A,

standard stringent as they are

this pattern is ok though "they" is ambiguous but pronoun ambiguity can be tolerant. but 2 sides of comparision is not in the same structure. the fist side have no verb, the second side have verb. WRONG

IN C.
standard as stringent as those

perfect.

similar question from gmatprep " countries as varied as china and hungary" . in this question, gmat test us the structure consisteny in the 2 sides of comparision.

is my thinking correct?, please, confirm
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 03:17
Hi EGMAT,

Could you please help me explain the sentence structure of the choice C, mainly the "powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for" . My doubt is what is the role of "and therefore" in this structure, is it starting a new clause to conclude ?

Thanks

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 04:30
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi EGMAT,

Could you please help me explain the sentence structure of the choice C, mainly the "powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for" . My doubt is what is the role of "and therefore" in this structure, is it starting a new clause to conclude ?

Thanks

'therefore' is used as an adverb (which has the same meaning and usage as 'consequently)

...gasoline powered and therefore not subject to ... means that the SUVs are gasoline powered and as a result of which /consequently, the SUVs are not subject to ....

'therefore' just introduces a sense of causality and nothing else.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2014, 07:52
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.
A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those for ....CORRECT
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are notsubject to emissions-control standards as stringent as those of

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2015, 05:12
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2015, 16:01
Dont place your answer and opinion in question window. It prevent us from analysing the question.

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 09:29
I am unable to justify the use of therefore. Interestingly in this question I believe we can get to answer without using therefore as a decision point.

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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 09:43
1
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chejw wrote:
Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel vehicles, from
tractor trailers to excursion buses, it will have no effect on sport utility
vehicles, almost all of which are gasoline powered, and will not be sub-
jected to emissions-control standards as stringent as they are for
diesel-powered vehicles.

A. powered, and will not be subjected to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
B. powered, and therefore not subjected to emissions-control standards
that are as stringent as those of
C. powered and therefore not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as those for
D. powered, which are not subject to emissions-control standards as
stringent as they are for
E. powered and therefore they are not subject to emissions-control
standards as stringent as those of

In this question the comparison can be as follows:-

The law will have no effect on sport utility vehicle as it has on other diesel vehicles.
Sport utility vehicles are not subjected to as stringent control standards as other diesel vehicles are.
Emission control standards are not as stringent for sport utility vehicles as are for other diesel vehicle.

'C' is the right choice.
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Re: Though the law will require emissions testing of all diesel   [#permalink] 17 May 2016, 09:43

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