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# TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image

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TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image  [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2019, 20:42
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

35% (02:31) correct 65% (02:23) wrong based on 153 sessions

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TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image of a company focused solely upon the US. Now, both the products and the workforce have begun to reflect the global nature of the company. The new works team is composed of people from all over the world. All of the mechanical engineers are the product of an in-house training scheme although, as yet, none of the engineers specializing in hydraulics has won the prestigious Order of Merit bestowed by the Mechanical Engineers Union. So far, only winners of the Order of Merit have gone on to become department heads.

If it is determined that all of the information provided by the passage is true, which of the following must also be true of the works team?

A All of the department heads have received the Order of Merit.

B All of the winners of the Order of Merit have received in-house training.

C None of the department heads who have specialized in hydraulics are the product of an in-house training scheme.

D None of the department heads are from the US.

E None of the non-US mechanical engineers who are the products of in-house training have the Order of Merit.

Source: Manhattan Review

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Re: TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2019, 05:39
Can anyone please provide any explanation behind OA. I eliminated A, D, E. But i didnt find strong backup for any of the other 2 options as well.

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29 Nov 2019, 00:52
Can anyone please provide any explanation behind OA. I eliminated A, D, E. But i didnt find strong backup for any of the other 2 options as well.

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Official Explanation

Argument construction

TMC cars company which used to focus only on the US is now a global company. Now, its products appeal globally and it inducts its employees from all over the world. All of the mechanical engineers have taken an in-house training scheme. No engineer specializing in hydraulics (a faculty of mechanical engineering) has won the prestigious Order of Merit (OoM). Only winners of the Order of Merit have become department heads.

Predict an Inference

By reading the argument, we see that there are a lot of data and we may have to deal with overlapping, partial overlapping, and non-overlapping sets.

Let's list down the information.

1. All mechanical engineers ⇒ In-house training
2. No engineer specializing in hydraulics ⇒ Order of Merit (OoM)
3. Order of Merit ⇒ Department heads.

Since only the winners of the Order of Merit (OoM) have become department heads, and no engineer specializing in hydraulics has won Order of Merit (OoM), the question arises, "Who qualifies to be the department head of hydraulics department?"

We can infer that department head of hydraulics department must then be a non-engineer who won Order of Merit (OoM).

Predictive Inference 1: Department head of hydraulics department is non-engineer, winner of Order of Merit (OoM).

Also, since all the mechanical engineers are the product of in-house training, and the department head of hydraulics department must then be a non-engineer, it follows that and the department head of hydraulics department is not a product of in-house training.

Predictive Inference 2: The department head of hydraulics department is not a product of in-house training.

Hope it helps
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Re: TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2019, 02:31
How we can eliminate A, as it is mentioned in the conclusion "only winners of the Order of Merit have gone on to become department heads" which clearly means "All department heads must hold the Order of Merit.
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Re: TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2019, 20:21
TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image of a company focused solely upon the US. Now, both the products and the workforce have begun to reflect the global nature of the company. The new works team is composed of people from all over the world. All of the mechanical engineers are the product of an in-house training scheme although, as yet, none of the engineers specializing in hydraulics has won the prestigious Order of Merit bestowed by the Mechanical Engineers Union. So far, only winners of the Order of Merit have gone on to become department heads.

If it is determined that all of the information provided by the passage is true, which of the following must also be true of the works team?

A All of the department heads have received the Order of Merit. > It is not mentioned in the passage. The case may be that, to be dept head, they have to win OoM first.

B All of the winners of the Order of Merit have received in-house training. > clearly the opposite as given in the passage.

C None of the department heads who have specialized in hydraulics are the product of an in-house training scheme. > ", none of the engineers specializing in hydraulics has won the prestigious Order of Merit". so dept heads specialized in hydraulics must have come not from the in-house training scheme. Correct,

D None of the department heads are from the US. > No correlation has been established.

E None of the non-US mechanical engineers who are the products of in-house training have the Order of Merit. > Too broad in scope.
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Re: TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image  [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2019, 21:21
minustark wrote:
TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image of a company focused solely upon the US. Now, both the products and the workforce have begun to reflect the global nature of the company. The new works team is composed of people from all over the world. All of the mechanical engineers are the product of an in-house training scheme although, as yet, none of the engineers specializing in hydraulics has won the prestigious Order of Merit bestowed by the Mechanical Engineers Union. So far, only winners of the Order of Merit have gone on to become department heads.

If it is determined that all of the information provided by the passage is true, which of the following must also be true of the works team?

A All of the department heads have received the Order of Merit. > It is not mentioned in the passage. The case may be that, to be dept head, they have to win OoM first.

B All of the winners of the Order of Merit have received in-house training. > clearly the opposite as given in the passage.

C None of the department heads who have specialized in hydraulics are the product of an in-house training scheme. > ", none of the engineers specializing in hydraulics has won the prestigious Order of Merit". so dept heads specialized in hydraulics must have come not from the in-house training scheme. Correct,

D None of the department heads are from the US. > No correlation has been established.

E None of the non-US mechanical engineers who are the products of in-house training have the Order of Merit. > Too broad in scope.

A. there could be other departments as well, which are non mechanical - and we don't know, if they need OoM. for example - Electrical - which will not be part of the mech group, hence, no inhouse training-no OoM etc.

B. It's clear

C. I think C is more relevant because it doesn't mention any of the ambiguous "OoM". There could still be some doubt, because department of hydraulics is mentioned (which is not in passage),

D. is clear
E. also clear.
Re: TMC cars has been undergoing some dramatic changes. Gone is the image   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2019, 21:21
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