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To face danger solely because

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To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 05:27
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To face danger solely because doing so affords one a certain pleasure does not constitute courage. Real courage is manifested only when a person, in acting to attain a goal, perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved. Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) A person who must face danger in order to avoid future pain cannot properly be called courageous for doing so.
(B) A person who experiences fear of some aspects of a dangerous situation cannot be said to act courageously in that situation.
(C) A person who happens to derive pleasure from some dangerous activities is not a courageous person.
(D) A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously only if the person is afraid of the danger.
(E) A person who has no fear of the situations that everyone else would fear cannot be said to be courageous in any situation.
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Re: To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 11:46
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aurobindomahanty wrote:
To face danger solely because doing so affords one a certain pleasure does not constitute courage. Real courage is manifested only when a person, in acting to attain a goal, perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved. Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the statements above?

(A) A person who must face danger in order to avoid future pain cannot properly be called courageous for doing so.
(B) A person who experiences fear of some aspects of a dangerous situation cannot be said to act courageously in that situation.
(C) A person who happens to derive pleasure from some dangerous activities is not a courageous person.
(D) A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously only if the person is afraid of the danger.
(E) A person who has no fear of the situations that everyone else would fear cannot be said to be courageous in any situation.


According to the statement, the characteristics of real courage are as below:
1. Have Fear
2. Face danger
3. Have a goal

A. 1 is missing
B. 3 is missing
C. 1 is missing
D. Complied all (1, 2, and 3)
E. Missing 1, 2, and 3

Correct answer is D.

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To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2017, 17:54
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let us simplify the argument given --

1. Facing danger ONLY BECAUSE it affords a certain pleasure --> not Courage -------------(1)

2. Real Courage --> In attaining a goal, a person perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved -----------(2)

let us look at the answer options now --

Option A - Incorrect

We cannot infer anything about situations that involve "future pain". What if in such a situation, the person perseveres in the face of fear? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option B - Incorrect

But what if the person does indeed persevere in face of those one or more dangers? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option C - Incorrect

This is an incorrect reading of point #1. If the person faces danger ONLY for pleasure, then he/she cannot be called courageous.
In this case, what if the person ALSO perseveres in the face of fear prompted? That person would then be courageous.

Option D - Correct

This option reads --

A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously --> Afraid of the danger

This is more or less, a restatement of point #2. Let us read point #2 carefully. Point #2 talks about courage in ANY situation. The necessary condition involves two things -- 1. fear of the danger 2. perseverance in the face of such fear.

Hence, "afraid of the danger" has to be A necessary condition, the other being "perseverance in the face of such fear". This is true because WITHOUT being afraid of the danger, there is no real courage.

Option E - Incorrect

"cannot be said to be courageous in any situation" -- too extreme. What if the person fears some situations that others do not fear and perseveres? He would then be said to be courageous in THOSE situations.
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Re: To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2017, 00:57
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CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
let us simplify the argument given --

1. Facing danger ONLY BECAUSE it affords a certain pleasure --> not Courage -------------(1)

2. Real Courage --> In attaining a goal, a person perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved -----------(2)

let us look at the answer options now --

Option A - Incorrect

We cannot infer anything about situations that involve "future pain". What if in such a situation, the person perseveres in the face of fear? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option B - Incorrect

But what if the person does indeed persevere in face of those one or more dangers? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option C - Incorrect

This is an incorrect reading of point #1. If the person faces danger ONLY for pleasure, then he/she cannot be called courageous.
In this case, what if the person ALSO perseveres in the face of fear prompted? That person would then be courageous.

Option D - Correct

This option reads --

A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously --> Afraid of the danger

This is more or less, a restatement of point #2. Let us read point #2 carefully. Point #2 talks about courage in ANY situation. The necessary condition involves two things -- 1. fear of the danger 2. perseverance in the face of such fear.

Hence, "afraid of the danger" has to be A necessary condition, the other being "perseverance in the face of such fear". This is true because WITHOUT being afraid of the danger, there is no real courage.

Option E - Incorrect

"cannot be said to be courageous in any situation" -- too extreme. What if the person fears some situations that others do not fear and perseveres? He would then be said to be courageous in THOSE situations.


I dont understand why C is wrong. Please explain your reasoning in detail!
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To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2017, 04:25
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goforgmat wrote:
CrackVerbalGMAT wrote:
let us simplify the argument given --

1. Facing danger ONLY BECAUSE it affords a certain pleasure --> not Courage -------------(1)

2. Real Courage --> In attaining a goal, a person perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved -----------(2)

let us look at the answer options now --

Option A - Incorrect

We cannot infer anything about situations that involve "future pain". What if in such a situation, the person perseveres in the face of fear? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option B - Incorrect

But what if the person does indeed persevere in face of those one or more dangers? Then he/she would indeed be courageous according to point #2.

Option C - Incorrect

This is an incorrect reading of point #1. If the person faces danger ONLY for pleasure, then he/she cannot be called courageous.
In this case, what if the person ALSO perseveres in the face of fear prompted? That person would then be courageous.

Option D - Correct

This option reads --

A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously --> Afraid of the danger

This is more or less, a restatement of point #2. Let us read point #2 carefully. Point #2 talks about courage in ANY situation. The necessary condition involves two things -- 1. fear of the danger 2. perseverance in the face of such fear.

Hence, "afraid of the danger" has to be A necessary condition, the other being "perseverance in the face of such fear". This is true because WITHOUT being afraid of the danger, there is no real courage.

Option E - Incorrect

"cannot be said to be courageous in any situation" -- too extreme. What if the person fears some situations that others do not fear and perseveres? He would then be said to be courageous in THOSE situations.


I dont understand why C is wrong. Please explain your reasoning in detail!

Why is (C) wrong? Well, the text does say that a person who faces danger just for pleasure is not showing courage, at least not in that situation. Answer choice (C), however, goes beyond that. It does not say that the person is facing danger only for pleasure, rather it says that the person happens to derive pleasure from the danger. Additionally, even if the person is a risk junkie, that does not mean that the person is never courageous. Perhaps he or she engages in risk sports for fun on the weekend but works as firefighter during the week, rescuing people from burning buildings despite the danger involved. Answer choice (C) goes beyond what is stated in the passage.
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Re: To face danger solely because  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2020, 00:33
To face danger solely because doing so affords one a certain pleasure does not constitute courage. Real courage is manifested only when a person, in acting to attain a goal, perseveres in the face of fear prompted by one or more dangers involved.
Which one of the following statements can be properly inferred from the statements above?



Inference question

Pre-thinking

It is very important to consider each single word in this case.
Because of the usage of the word solely----> Inference#1: A person who derives pleasure while facing dangers and is afraid of the danger can be said to be courageous.

POE:

(A) A person who must face danger in order to avoid future pain cannot properly be called courageous for doing so.
The argument is not concerned with "must situations". Plus there could be the case in which such person also fears the danger, hence courageous. OUT

(B) A person who experiences fear of some aspects of a dangerous situation cannot be said to act courageously in that situation.
yes and no as there could be the case in which such person also perseveres in facing the situation, hence courageous. OUT

(C) A person who happens to derive pleasure from some dangerous activities is not a courageous person.
What if that person also fears the danger? In such case the person can be said to be courageous. OUT

(D) A person who faces danger in order to benefit others is acting courageously only if the person is afraid of the danger.
To benefit others=to attain a goal. This option can easily be inferred from the argument

(E) A person who has no fear of the situations that everyone else would fear cannot be said to be courageous in any situation.
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Re: To face danger solely because   [#permalink] 18 Jan 2020, 00:33
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