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To force a person to retire solely because they have

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To force a person to retire solely because they have [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 07:28
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  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (00:55) correct 32% (00:56) wrong based on 187 sessions

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To force a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job because of sex, race, or religion.

(A) To force a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job
(B) Forcing a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job
(C) Forcing people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like to deny a person a job
(D) Forcing people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying people jobs
(E) To force people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying people jobs
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: To force a person to retire solely because they have [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 07:47
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To set the context, the sentence is trying to compare two actions - forcing a person and denying.

Errors: Parallelism and Pronoun.

Option A (incorrect): To force a 'person'...because 'they' is wrong (antecedent for 'they' should be plural). Denying is a verb and should have parallel construction with 'forcing'.
Option B (incorrect): Pronoun error (as explained for options A).
Option C (incorrect): Parallel construction error of 'forcing' and 'to deny'.
Option D (CORRECT): Corrects pronoun and parallelism error.
Option E (incorrect): Parallelism error.

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Re: To force a person to retire solely because they have [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 08:43
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To force a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job because of sex, race, or religion.

(A) To force a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job
Use of Plural pronoun (THEY) for singular antecedent (PERSON) is incorrect.
(B) Forcing a person to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying a person a job
Use of Plural pronoun (THEY) for singular antecedent (PERSON) is incorrect.
(C) Forcing people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like to deny a person a job
Modifier (DENYING) is required to maintain Parallelism.
(D) Forcing people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying people jobs
CORRECT
(E) To force people to retire solely because they have reached a certain arbitrary age is like denying people jobs
Use of TO FORCE is idiomatically Incorrect
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Re: To force a person to retire solely because they have [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2017, 09:46
experts,

could you please help me with the decision point that can be used to choose between B and d. B is singular(a person) and D is plural(people).
thanks

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Re: To force a person to retire solely because they have [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 15:33
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The issue is the pronoun "they," which according to the GMAT is always plural. For decades, it has been standard to use the singular they/their to refer to one person of indeterminate gender, usually in cases where we don't have a specific person in mind: "Someone dropped their ticket." More recently, "they" has also become popular as a pronoun for individuals who don't identify as male or female. However, the GMAT is still stuck in the past and insists on "his or her" to refer to an individual.
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Kudos [?]: 1232 [1], given: 29

Re: To force a person to retire solely because they have   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2017, 15:33
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