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# To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award

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02 Jan 2012, 10:00
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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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02 Jan 2012, 23:27
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A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....
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03 Jan 2012, 03:23
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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

Consider the expanded form of this sentence:

Let's break this sentence into its components:

a) In order to prevent business from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks
b) annual tax breaks are described by supporters as vital tools
c) vital tools encourage economic development
d) annual tax breaks are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare"
e) "corporate welfare" weakens the national economy

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, (this is a participle phrase)described by supporters as vital tools (relative clause)that encourage economic development but (this is a participle phrase that is parallel to previous participle phrase )denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" (relative clause)that weakens the national economy.

Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That".

A is perfect and is without error.

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03 Jan 2012, 03:24
Where in Manhattan GMAT did you find this question?

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03 Jan 2012, 05:21
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Two choices B and C are wrong because of " annual tax breaks each year" - problem of redundancy;
In D, they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, BUT critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening - Problem of parallelism;
E - Modifier issue

so clearly A

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03 Jan 2012, 10:56
This question was in one of the practice tests. Its a challenging one for sure.

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03 Jan 2012, 11:02
@someone79 Seriously thank you for the information. One thing I dont understand is when you say
" Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That"." Could you please provide an example.

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04 Jan 2012, 04:09
+1 for A.
b,
Quote:
.
c,
Quote:

d,
Quote:
annual tax breaks each year
,redundancy
e,
Quote:
whose supporters describe

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04 Jan 2012, 07:28
1
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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

unidiomatic "moving of businesses" and mixed up active and passive in the later part

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening
repeatative

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening
repeatative
E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

antecedent? govt or tax breaks

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22 Mar 2013, 03:00
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?
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23 Mar 2013, 06:59
Quote:
manimgoindowndown wrote:
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?

Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them businesses annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

You can see which is logically fitting in.
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23 Mar 2013, 07:26
Quote:
daagh wrote :Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

this is never possible . u cannot use "them" to refer to the subject of the same clause

the only way possible is local governments award themselves .......

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23 Mar 2013, 07:48
rajeevrks27 wrote:
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....

Hi
+1 kudos for you.you explained the questioned nicely.thanks for your explanation

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23 Mar 2013, 12:44
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

I have a doubt here... "described" is a modifier that is modifying annual tax breaks...how can denounced an ed modifier placed so far be connected to "annual tax breaks??

@daagh would like to have your opinion here??

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23 Mar 2013, 13:06
gmatpunjabi wrote:
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.

Options B,C and E are badly constructed....A and D survives....I think D is more of a punctutation errors..."They are " is a dependent clause and should not be connected using semi colon. Again "they " is ambigous..it can stand for local govts or the tax breaks....
Hence A must be the answer

Consider kudos if my post helps!!

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09 Sep 2013, 18:20
Could I have use the parallelism split?

"vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens"

" vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening"

Wouldn't just the last word result in canceling out C and D and leave ABE?

Having issues with //-ism, will take any help I can get! Thanks.

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02 Feb 2016, 23:08
daagh wrote:
Quote:
manimgoindowndown wrote:
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?

Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them businesses annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

You can see which is logically fitting in.

Hi daagh,

I agree that option option A fits here.
But there are many questions in which we eliminate options because of their ambiguity inspite those options make sense only with one antecedent.

Or I am missing something..??

If there are 2 nouns before a pronoun. Then, do we always need to try to replace it with both noun and check whichever is making sense..?
If both noun make sense, then eliminate
If only 1 noun makes sense, then we can't eliminate it

Is it so..??

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03 Feb 2016, 03:29
Hi
Rah
I feel you are right.
Regards
daagh
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01 Nov 2016, 21:21
rajeevrks27 wrote:
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....

I need to understand, is the present progressive tense weakening correct in the sentence D?

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14 Feb 2017, 07:57
In some other posts, I have read that correct idiom for prevent is - TO PREVENT X FROM Y.With this logic, I eliminated B,C,E. D contains ambiguity with "they", so I selected A.
Please let me know if there is anything wrong in my POE.
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award   [#permalink] 14 Feb 2017, 07:57

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