It is currently 18 Nov 2017, 12:50

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 188

Kudos [?]: 212 [1], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2012, 10:00
1
This post received
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:03) correct 34% (01:05) wrong based on 558 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 212 [1], given: 66

2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Status: Enjoying the GMAT journey....
Joined: 26 Aug 2011
Posts: 713

Kudos [?]: 588 [2], given: 264

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V24
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jan 2012, 23:27
2
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....
_________________

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.

A WAY TO INCREASE FROM QUANT 35-40 TO 47 : http://gmatclub.com/forum/a-way-to-increase-from-q35-40-to-q-138750.html

Q 47/48 To Q 50 + http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-final-climb-quest-for-q-50-from-q47-129441.html#p1064367

Three good RC strategies http://gmatclub.com/forum/three-different-strategies-for-attacking-rc-127287.html

Kudos [?]: 588 [2], given: 264

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Dec 2011
Posts: 182

Kudos [?]: 46 [2], given: 13

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.9
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2012, 03:23
2
This post received
KUDOS
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

Consider the expanded form of this sentence:

Let's break this sentence into its components:

a) In order to prevent business from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks
b) annual tax breaks are described by supporters as vital tools
c) vital tools encourage economic development
d) annual tax breaks are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare"
e) "corporate welfare" weakens the national economy

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, (this is a participle phrase)described by supporters as vital tools (relative clause)that encourage economic development but (this is a participle phrase that is parallel to previous participle phrase )denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" (relative clause)that weakens the national economy.

Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That".

A is perfect and is without error.

Kudos [?]: 46 [2], given: 13

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Dec 2011
Posts: 182

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 13

Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39
GPA: 3.9
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2012, 03:24
Where in Manhattan GMAT did you find this question?

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 13

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 22 Mar 2006
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 2

Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2012, 05:21
1
This post received
KUDOS
Two choices B and C are wrong because of " annual tax breaks each year" - problem of redundancy;
In D, they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, BUT critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening - Problem of parallelism;
E - Modifier issue

so clearly A

Kudos [?]: 1 [1], given: 2

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 188

Kudos [?]: 212 [0], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2012, 10:56
This question was in one of the practice tests. Its a challenging one for sure.

Kudos [?]: 212 [0], given: 66

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 23 Jul 2011
Posts: 188

Kudos [?]: 212 [0], given: 66

Concentration: Finance, Technology
Schools: UCSD (D)
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V34
GPA: 2.99
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Jan 2012, 11:02
@someone79 Seriously thank you for the information. One thing I dont understand is when you say
" Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That"." Could you please provide an example.

Kudos [?]: 212 [0], given: 66

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 08 Aug 2011
Posts: 189

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 51

GPA: 3.5
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jan 2012, 04:09
+1 for A.
b,
Quote:
) the moving of businesses
.
c,
Quote:
businesses moving

d,
Quote:
annual tax breaks each year
,redundancy
e,
Quote:
whose supporters describe

Kudos [?]: 17 [0], given: 51

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Jun 2011
Posts: 141

Kudos [?]: 74 [1], given: 15

Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Jan 2012, 07:28
1
This post received
KUDOS
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

unidiomatic "moving of businesses" and mixed up active and passive in the later part

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening
repeatative

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening
repeatative
E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

antecedent? govt or tax breaks

Kudos [?]: 74 [1], given: 15

Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 07 Feb 2011
Posts: 105

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 45

Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Mar 2013, 03:00
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?
_________________

We appreciate your kudos'

Kudos [?]: 64 [0], given: 45

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8165 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2013, 06:59
Quote:
manimgoindowndown wrote:
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?


Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them businesses annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

You can see which is logically fitting in.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8165 [0], given: 364

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 831

Kudos [?]: 289 [0], given: 61

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2013, 07:26
Quote:
daagh wrote :Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens


this is never possible . u cannot use "them" to refer to the subject of the same clause

the only way possible is local governments award themselves .......

Kudos [?]: 289 [0], given: 61

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: struggling with GMAT
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 200

Kudos [?]: 449 [0], given: 46

Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT Date: 04-06-2013
GPA: 3.65
Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2013, 07:48
rajeevrks27 wrote:
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....


Hi
+1 kudos for you.you explained the questioned nicely.thanks for your explanation

Kudos [?]: 449 [0], given: 46

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 26 Jul 2011
Posts: 118

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 16

Location: India
WE: Marketing (Manufacturing)
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2013, 12:44
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

I have a doubt here... "described" is a modifier that is modifying annual tax breaks...how can denounced an ed modifier placed so far be connected to "annual tax breaks??

@daagh would like to have your opinion here??

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 16

VP
VP
avatar
Status: Final Lap Up!!!
Affiliations: NYK Line
Joined: 21 Sep 2012
Posts: 1078

Kudos [?]: 661 [0], given: 70

Location: India
GMAT 1: 410 Q35 V11
GMAT 2: 530 Q44 V20
GMAT 3: 630 Q45 V31
GPA: 3.84
WE: Engineering (Transportation)
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Mar 2013, 13:06
gmatpunjabi wrote:
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.

Options B,C and E are badly constructed....A and D survives....I think D is more of a punctutation errors..."They are " is a dependent clause and should not be connected using semi colon. Again "they " is ambigous..it can stand for local govts or the tax breaks....
Hence A must be the answer

Consider kudos if my post helps!!

Archit

Kudos [?]: 661 [0], given: 70

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 301

Kudos [?]: 83 [0], given: 23

Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Sep 2013, 18:20
Could I have use the parallelism split?

"vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens"

" vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening"

Wouldn't just the last word result in canceling out C and D and leave ABE?

Having issues with //-ism, will take any help I can get! Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 83 [0], given: 23

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 12 Jan 2015
Posts: 222

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 79

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Feb 2016, 23:08
daagh wrote:
Quote:
manimgoindowndown wrote:
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?


Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them businesses annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

You can see which is logically fitting in.



Hi daagh,

I agree that option option A fits here.
But there are many questions in which we eliminate options because of their ambiguity inspite those options make sense only with one antecedent.
Please help.

Or I am missing something..??

If there are 2 nouns before a pronoun. Then, do we always need to try to replace it with both noun and check whichever is making sense..?
If both noun make sense, then eliminate
If only 1 noun makes sense, then we can't eliminate it

Is it so..??

Please assist.
_________________

Thanks and Regards,
Prakhar

Kudos [?]: 80 [0], given: 79

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4311

Kudos [?]: 8165 [0], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Feb 2016, 03:29
Hi
Rah
I feel you are right.
Regards
daagh
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8165 [0], given: 364

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Feb 2016
Posts: 106

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 208

Location: India
Concentration: Economics, Healthcare
GMAT 1: 690 Q42 V47
GMAT 2: 710 Q47 V39
GPA: 3.57
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Nov 2016, 21:21
rajeevrks27 wrote:
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....


I need to understand, is the present progressive tense weakening correct in the sentence D?

Kudos [?]: 9 [0], given: 208

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 297

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 71

Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Feb 2017, 07:57
In some other posts, I have read that correct idiom for prevent is - TO PREVENT X FROM Y.With this logic, I eliminated B,C,E. D contains ambiguity with "they", so I selected A.
Please let me know if there is anything wrong in my POE.
_________________

Need Kudos to unlock GMAT Club tests

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 71

Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award   [#permalink] 14 Feb 2017, 07:57

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.