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# To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board

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To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 04 Feb 2017, 23:09
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Question Stats:

74% (01:33) correct 26% (01:49) wrong based on 591 sessions

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To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

a) Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
b) No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
c) Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
d) Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
e) The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town.

Originally posted by suntaurian on 18 Feb 2008, 17:57.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 04 Feb 2017, 23:09, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 11:46
5
siddharth86 wrote:

To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town

I don't think this is a well-designed question at all, for many reasons:

* The question itself asks "Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics?" Well, the critics make two 'claims': that the plan will harm the community, and that the plan will fail. If we need an answer that supports the claims (plural), then that answer should help support the contention that the plan will harm the community and that the plan will not succeed. Answer D only supports (rather tenuously) one of those two claims.

* The critics also claim that the plan will "fail in its purpose". But the stem tells us that the plan has more than one 'purpose: it is meant to 'preserve open spaces', to 'lessen the strain on municipal resources', and 'to prevent overcrowding'. So if we want to support the claim that the plan will fail in 'its purpose', which purpose are we even talking about?

* And if the purpose we identify is "to preserve open spaces", I can't see how D is a good answer. Using D, we're comparing two scenarios: one scenario, where this zoning law is not passed, and developers can build anything they want, and another scenario where developers can only build apartment buildings. It seems to me that in the second scenario, open spaces are far more likely to be preserved. So D does not support the critics' claims, if we interpret the purpose of the plan to be to 'preserve open spaces'.

* This question is also set up like a 'strengthen the argument' question, but there is no argument. We just have critics saying "the plan is bad". I see some prep company questions set up this way, but I don't think I've ever seen a real GMAT question where we need to strengthen an argument that doesn't exist.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2008, 18:08
should be d.

if developers can still build condo buildings, then what is to stop new residents from moving in, thereby increasing population and resulting in an added strain on the citys infrastructure
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2008, 18:13
Board: Zoning helps in preventing overcrowding and will lessen burden on schools ect.
Critics: Plan will harm the community or at least will fail.

a) Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans. [Mixed success – may not help critics – eliminate it]

b) No new schools have been built in the town in ten years. [Yes. Schools may/may not be part of restricted number of buildings – not stated explicitly - eliminate it]

c) Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.[Property taxes comparison is out of scope – eliminate it]

d) Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings. [Hold it]

e) The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town. [out of scope]

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To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 30 Nov 2017, 06:42
1
2
To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

A. Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
B. No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
C. Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
D. Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
E. The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town

Originally posted by siddharth86 on 13 Feb 2013, 23:05.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 30 Nov 2017, 06:42, edited 1 time in total.
formatted
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 02:20
1
1
Hi Siddarth,

Let me try and run through the answer choices for you:

To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans. This WEAKENS the claims of the critics. After all, if it has worked in other places, could it not work here?

No new schools have been built in the town in ten years. This is pretty irrelevant, whilst schools are mentioned in the piece, they're not integral to the argument

Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns. This is irrelevant, taxes are mentioned no where in the passage

Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings. This is correct. The plan is to limit the amount of buildings, if this plan will not work - because we have an exception (apartments) then that will help the critics.

The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town Again this is irrelevant, garbage dumps are mentioned, but not part of the main argument.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 10:24
2
With all respect, this question is ridiculous...........

from when a new building excludes the apartments.

if I have a construction company and a customer says me to build a house or an apartment this is NOT a new building ??

OR apartment building is STILL a building

from wikipedia

Quote:
In architecture, construction, engineering, real estate development and technology the term building refers to one of the following:[citation needed]

Any human-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or
An act of construction (i. e. the activity of building, see also builder)

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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 12:37
Quote:
* This question is also set up like a 'strengthen the argument' question, but there is no argument. We just have critics saying "the plan is bad". I see some prep company questions set up this way, but I don't think I've ever seen a real GMAT question where we need to strengthen an argument that doesn't exist.

well.......................
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 14:22
2

Apartment buildings will put strain on municipal resources and hence the plan will fail in its purpose.
BTW, I Don't think this is a great question..
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2013, 14:55
StrivingTurtle wrote:

Apartment buildings will put strain on municipal resources and hence the plan will fail in its purpose.
BTW, I Don't think this is a great question..

But the takeways from this question ?? is more important in such case (as always)
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2013, 14:08
3
I'm with Ian on this one: while I can see why MGMAT says that D is the best answer, the question has some serious flaws. The argument is awfully mushy, and there will never be a 100% airtight answer in a case like this. If the argument isn't airtight, then neither is the answer.

Anybody who knows me is probably sick of hearing this, but I really don't think it's worth getting too bent out of shape over a verbal question from any test-prep company. It's unbelievably difficult for anybody to copy the style, precision, and nuance of real GMAT exam, especially on the verbal side. GMAC literally spends millions of dollars developing test questions, and no test-prep company can dream of matching their expertise and resources--not even Manhattan GMAT.

Think about it this way: multiply your \$250 test fee by the 280,000 people who take the test every year, and then add in the score report fees, test appointment change fees, the fees school pay to spam you with email, and GMAC's income from selling test-prep materials. And then consider that GMAC is technically a non-profit that exists solely for the purpose of creating and administering this test, and most of their revenue is supposedly spent on perfecting the GMAT. Every single question undergoes an unbelievable amount of scrutiny and testing. Manhattan GMAT is an amazing company, but they simply can't match that. Some of Manhattan's questions will be imperfect. It's inevitable.

I'm not necessarily saying that you shouldn't use books from test-prep companies (depending on your weaknesses, you probably should), and I'm definitely not saying that you should avoid MGMAT materials (their materials are clearly among the best in the industry). But the vast majority of your verbal practice time should be spent on official, retired test questions... and I wouldn't lose much sleep over a slightly sloppy question from a non-official source.

I hope this helps, Carcass!
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2013, 15:49
GMATNinja wrote:
I'm with Ian on this one: while I can see why MGMAT says that D is the best answer, the question has some serious flaws. The argument is awfully mushy, and there will never be a 100% airtight answer in a case like this. If the argument isn't airtight, then neither is the answer.

Anybody who knows me is probably sick of hearing this, but I really don't think it's worth getting too bent out of shape over a verbal question from any test-prep company. It's unbelievably difficult for anybody to copy the style, precision, and nuance of real GMAT exam, especially on the verbal side. GMAC literally spends millions of dollars developing test questions, and no test-prep company can dream of matching their expertise and resources--not even Manhattan GMAT.

Think about it this way: multiply your \$250 test fee by the 280,000 people who take the test every year, and then add in the score report fees, test appointment change fees, the fees school pay to spam you with email, and GMAC's income from selling test-prep materials. And then consider that GMAC is technically a non-profit that exists solely for the purpose of creating and administering this test, and most of their revenue is supposedly spent on perfecting the GMAT. Every single question undergoes an unbelievable amount of scrutiny and testing. Manhattan GMAT is an amazing company, but they simply can't match that. Some of Manhattan's questions will be imperfect. It's inevitable.

I'm not necessarily saying that you shouldn't use books from test-prep companies (depending on your weaknesses, you probably should), and I'm definitely not saying that you should avoid MGMAT materials (their materials are clearly among the best in the industry). But the vast majority of your verbal practice time should be spent on official, retired test questions... and I wouldn't lose much sleep over a slightly sloppy question from a non-official source.

I hope this helps, Carcass!

Infact my first impression was
Quote:
With all respect, this question is ridiculous...........

regards
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2013, 03:55
Conclusion of the argument :To prevent overcrowding, prevent people from building new houses.
Conclusion of critics: Preventing people from building new houses will not solve the problem of overcrowding.

We have to strengthen the conclusion of critics ie in other terms preventing people from building new houses will not the solve the problem.....
Hence Only option D, helps to strengthen the point.
But it is in contrast to what Ron says in study hall, Option D just re iterates the point presented in the argument. It does not present any fact. BUt, we should not forget that in case of strengthen question a question may strengthen 1% or 100%.

Sometimes, reasoning of Ron really contradicts to question presented by his own prep company.

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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2013, 00:48
To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans. OFS. Not concerned about other towns
No new schools have been built in the town in ten years. OFS
Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.OFS
Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings. This will increase the overcrowding
The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town. OFS
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 21:58
carcass wrote:
GMATNinja wrote:
I'm with Ian on this one: while I can see why MGMAT says that D is the best answer, the question has some serious flaws. The argument is awfully mushy, and there will never be a 100% airtight answer in a case like this. If the argument isn't airtight, then neither is the answer.

Anybody who knows me is probably sick of hearing this, but I really don't think it's worth getting too bent out of shape over a verbal question from any test-prep company. It's unbelievably difficult for anybody to copy the style, precision, and nuance of real GMAT exam, especially on the verbal side. GMAC literally spends millions of dollars developing test questions, and no test-prep company can dream of matching their expertise and resources--not even Manhattan GMAT.

Think about it this way: multiply your \$250 test fee by the 280,000 people who take the test every year, and then add in the score report fees, test appointment change fees, the fees school pay to spam you with email, and GMAC's income from selling test-prep materials. And then consider that GMAC is technically a non-profit that exists solely for the purpose of creating and administering this test, and most of their revenue is supposedly spent on perfecting the GMAT. Every single question undergoes an unbelievable amount of scrutiny and testing. Manhattan GMAT is an amazing company, but they simply can't match that. Some of Manhattan's questions will be imperfect. It's inevitable.

I'm not necessarily saying that you shouldn't use books from test-prep companies (depending on your weaknesses, you probably should), and I'm definitely not saying that you should avoid MGMAT materials (their materials are clearly among the best in the industry). But the vast majority of your verbal practice time should be spent on official, retired test questions... and I wouldn't lose much sleep over a slightly sloppy question from a non-official source.

I hope this helps, Carcass!

Infact my first impression was
Quote:
With all respect, this question is ridiculous...........

regards

I find this question awful too!! ..... C'mon man who has so much time on actual GMAT to infer all the nonsense stuff and come up with things like "apartment buildings are different that new buildings"
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 22:04
suntaurian wrote:
To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

a) Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
b) No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
c) Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
d) Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
e) The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town.

Responding to a pm:
Quote:
My only concern is that are apartment buildings not included in "new buildings"?
I mean how would one infer that?

You cannot infer that. It is given to you. (D) tells you that even after the plan is implemented, builders can make apartment buildings. You have to take the options to be true.

What is the plan? Limit the number of new buildings to prevent overcrowding and strain on resources.
Critics say that the plan will fail in its purpose i.e. it will not be able to prevent overcrowding.

Which option, if true, will make the plan fail?
If the developers can still erect apartment buildings, overcrowding may take place.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2019, 07:27
Very easy and straight forward question. Answer is D. If developers can build new buildings then this will lead to increase in population density and hence put more strain on city resources.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2019, 14:12
suntaurian wrote:
To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board limited the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given year. The board claims that doing so will preserve open spaces and lessen the strain on municipal resources such as schools and garbage disposal. Critics of the changes argue that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose.

Which of the following most supports the claims of the critics of the plan?

a) Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
b) No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
c) Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
d) Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
e) The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town.

Here the conclusion is 'he plan will harm the community or, at the very least, will fail in its purpose (prevent overcrowding)'

And we have to find which strengthens this conclusion i.e. something which will harm the community or does not prevent overcrowding.

a) Other towns have had mixed success with similar zoning plans.
mixed success does not necessarily harm the conclusion. So this is out.

b) No new schools have been built in the town in ten years.
stimulus does mentions about schools but it is not affecting conclusion in any way.

c) Property taxes in the town are higher than in neighboring towns.
this option is comparing with the neighbouring towns and property taxes do not necessarily affect overcrowding or harm community

d) Under the new plan, developers may still erect apartment buildings.
This does say that even if the buildings are constructed with limited numbers, the number of houses is not determined and so this can cause overcrowding or does not prevent overcrowding which we are looking for.

e) The nearest garbage dump is several miles away from the town
This does not affect the conclusion. Irrelevant.
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board  [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2019, 20:05
The argument is that the plan will harm the community or, at the very least, FAIL.

The plan is to limit the number of new buildings that can be constructed in the town in any given new in an attempt to limit overcrowding.

What strengthens this?
A - what may be true for others may not be necessarily true for this town. Incorrect.
B - this is hardly relevant as the plan is concerned with buildings in general, not the number of schools. Incorrect
C - given we don't have any information pertaining to taxes, this does not affect the argument. Incorrect
D - This points out a fatal flaw in the plan. If developers can still erect apartments then the plan to limit the number of new buildings fails....
E is hardly conducive at all. Incorrect
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Re: To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board   [#permalink] 22 Jul 2019, 20:05
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