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# To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase

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Senior Manager
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To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2014, 10:23
4
15
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:22) correct 55% (01:24) wrong based on 712 sessions

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To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble.

A. To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble
B. Deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like gambling to a small investor
C. To small investors, it seems like it is a gamble to decide whether to purchase assets in the real estate market
D. For a small investor, the decision whether to purchase assets in the real estate market or not often seems like a gamble
E. The deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble to a small investor
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To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2014, 00:06
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This question is good.

GRAMMARS

- "Whether or not" is always wrong in GMAT
- "whether + clause .... + or not" is correct usage. Don't be confused with the first idiom in which "whether" and "or not" are attached.
- X seems like Y ==> X and Y must be parallel in meaning.

SOLVE THE QUESTION

To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble.

A. To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble
Wrong. "whether or not" is wrong.

B. Deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like gambling to a small investor
Correct. The syntax is correct: Doing X can seem like Doing Y; "Deciding" // "gambling".

C. To small investors, it seems like it is a gamble to decide whether to purchase assets in the real estate market
Wrong. The red part is very awkward. It should be "it seems like it is a gamble..."

D. For a small investor, the decision whether to purchase assets in the real estate market or not often seems like a gamble
Wrong. Change meaning. We CAN'T substitute a modal auxiliary verb (can, could, may, might,...) for a simple verb.

E. The deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble to a small investor[/quote]
Wrong. "The deciding" is wrong. "Deciding" is a gerund - a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. In short, "deciding" is correct, but "THE deciding" is incorrect. If you want to use a noun form, use "the decision" NOT "the deciding".

Hope it helps.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2014, 15:46
goodyear2013 wrote:
To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble.

A. To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble
B. Deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like gambling to a small investor
C. To small investors, it seems like it is a gamble to decide whether to purchase assets in the real estate market
D. For a small investor, the decision whether to purchase assets in the real estate market or not often seems like a gamble
E. The deciding whether to purchase assets in the real estate market can seem like a gamble to a small investor

I go with B. Parallelism: deciding vs. gambling, "whether or not" is not preferred in gmat
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2014, 17:26
Isn't gambling a verb , then how can it be used after like ???
Please explain y D is incorrect ??
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To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2014, 19:05
Dear Saud,

Consider the following sentences:
He is singing. ("Singing" is used as a verb here -- note the presence of the helper verb "is".)
He loves singing. ("Singing" is used as a noun here. To convince yourself, replace singing by any other noun such as "chocolates" and see how it "fits").

In the same way, "gambling" is used as a noun.

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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2016, 23:04
why "seem" is used in correct choce , why not seems
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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07 Feb 2016, 23:19
vipulgoel wrote:
why "seem" is used in correct choce , why not seems

What I can infer here:

The implied meaning here is:
The big investors are confident and the purchase decision is never a gamble for them
But the SMALL INVESTORS are not confident as their big brothers are. Therefore it CAN Seem like gambling to them
That is why author is using CAN in the sentence.
With CAN , seems can not be used.

This is why seems is not used in the correct choice.
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 06:36
Please note that there is an auxiliary modal verb 'can' before 'seem'. If you are meaning, why it can't be "can seems" it is plain wrong; auxiliary verbs will take the only base form of the verbs. If you are meaning why it can't be 'seems' instead of 'can seem', then the answer is that it changes the meaning since 'seems' and 'can seem' do not mean the same.
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 19:36
I say neither of the options are correct.
B, just like E, makes a crucial error:
seem like gambling to a small investor
Deciding smth seems like gambling to a small investor - see the comparison? take the complex noun "gambling to a small investor".
this makes the sentence flawed.
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 23:58
I will delve into the difference between ‘deciding’ and ‘the deciding’
Both are gerunds. Simply because it is just ‘deciding’, let us not mistake it as a present participle. Because you see, deciding …. is a noun phrase followed by a verb ‘can seem’; So the phrase is a noun phrase and the subject of the simple sentence that B is. It is the same case with E also.
‘The deciding’ is part of a complex gerund ‘the deciding of’. When we generalize facts, we do not use the definite article’ the’. In E, the article ‘the’ points to a particular and singular case of deciding that has relation to something already factored. However, what we have is no specific use. Deciding is part of a general fact and that is why B is more relevant to the context. In addition, deciding is in tandem with gambling, being parallel.
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Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase  [#permalink]

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01 Feb 2019, 00:29
Right off the bat, we can get rid of A. Remember, on the GMAT, the phrase ‘whether or not’ is always wrong. If an option has ‘whether or not’ it is definitely not the answer. D has a subtle change in meaning from the original sentence. D uses ‘often seems’ instead of ‘can seem’. This changes the meaning from ‘it could happen’ to ‘it happens frequently’. The phrase ‘it seems like it is a gamble’ in C is really awkward. E makes a pretty clear gerund error. In E, ‘deciding’ is a gerund. This means that it functions as a noun and it is inappropriate to precede it with ‘the’.

So, the correct answer is B.
Re: To small investors, deciding whether or not to purchase   [#permalink] 01 Feb 2019, 00:29
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