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Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars

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Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their

(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their

(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in

(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their

(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Originally posted by karthikb on 22 Oct 2005, 05:10.
Last edited by Vyshak on 18 Feb 2018, 18:33, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2005, 05:23
C (3). Those is the correct pronoun restatement for cars.

S-V agreement cars-are. D and E convolute the word order.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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karthikb wrote:
Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

1) small cars are more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their
2) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their
3) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in
4) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their
5) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in


4 and 5 somehow shifts the meaning of original sentence. The original sentence mentions an improved charactersitic of small cars, whereas 4 and 5 mention the "more " in quantity.
their in 1 and 2 are ambiguous.
I'm left with C.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 11:12
C

their is confusing pronoun
now is redundant
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2011, 22:53
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Step 1:
2/3 split between options (A,B,C) and (D,E)

Step 2:
Split between options (A,B) and C (their)

Option C is the correct answer
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jun 2011, 07:49
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C it is...
A can be eliminated because of their..whom does 'their' refer to.. Also now is redundant...
D and E change the meaning of the sentence by introducing 'fuel efficient small cars'..
Between B and C.. B can be eliminated for the same reason as A...
left with C...

:)
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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+1 C

"any other" is required to exclude the present.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their

(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their

(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in

(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their

(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in
what is the difference between B and C,plz explain

Originally posted by TomB on 04 Aug 2011, 09:12.
Last edited by carcass on 04 Jun 2015, 04:54, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2011, 16:06
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Use of "Their"

Its a hanging modifier. Original sentence doesn't clearly indicate whom do we refer to with "their"

C doesn't use "Their", and hence the correct option.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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TomB wrote:
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their

(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their

(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in

(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their

(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in
what is the difference between B and C,plz explain


Hi TomB and other friends,

Let's analyze original sentence and all the answer choices one by one. There are two mistakes in original sentence.
1. For the idiom more x than y, X and Y should be parallel. Here X = fuel-efficient and Y = at any time in their production history(lets say 1990). Which are not parallel. Consider right usage ex : My car is more fuel efficient than your car. OR My car is more fuel efficient than powerful.
2. Usage of pronoun 'Their". Their can refer to both "cars" and "manufactures" so there is no clear antecedent for "their".

Now see the answer choices.
A is wrong because of above reasons.
B is wrong because : 1. Usage of "they" and " Their"
C is still has pronoun issue but meaning wise it is best . It is comparing small cars with those old cars. Lets have same substitution
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in production history.
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at 1990.
D We can prefer C over D also for modifier reason : D has two continuous modifier "more fuel-efficient" and "small" intended to modify cars. In c we don't have continuous modifier, that is better. Usage of "their" again leading to ambiguity along with "those"
E. It again has 2 modifier continuously.

If any question, please revert.


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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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I have another observation on option B.
"small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their"..

This sentence is more like " they are more happier than they were" or " I am more athletic than I was..."... here i am comparing a mood/state of myself of the past with the present.

But how can a small car be more fuel efficient now than it was?
A small car today is more fuel efficient than a small car t any other time. So "those" is a better pronoun than "they".

This observation may not matter in the given example. But this will help if the last word (their) is omitted from option B.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2015, 06:42
Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.
(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their
(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their
(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in
(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their
(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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sauravleo123 wrote:
Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.
(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their
(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their
(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in
(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their
(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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My friend, when you have a question from GMAT prep or some other widely used source, please do not start a brand new thread about it. Always search for an already existing thread before starting a new one on your own I merged your post into this pre-existing thread about this question. You may well find your question answered here. Please let me know if you would like further explanation.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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Hi, I was wondering which one of the following two is better? Are they all grammatically correct at least?

(1) Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in production history. [same as answer choice (C)]

(2) Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any other time in production history. ["than they were" instead of "than those"]

Also, is there any difference between "any other time in production history" and "any time in production history"? Seems the correct answer has "other" for a reason, can someone explain?

Thanks a lot!
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gmatser1 wrote:
Can someone explain why E is wrong?



Hi,
two reasons why E is wrong..

Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.
5) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in

1) more fuel efficient small cars means different from 'small cars that are more fuel efficient'...
the comparison shifts from fuel efficiency to more number of fuel efficient small cars, illogically..

2) now is also a time in the production history..
so at any time should change to at any other time..

hope it helped
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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Answers A, B and D are out becasue, among other things, the pronoun "their" has not a clear antecedent.
It could refer to Manufacturers or to Small Cars.

So we are left with C and E.
E is wrong because we need to compare today's small cars with small cars from any OTHER time.
If we do not have the word OTHER, we are saying that today's small cars are more fuel-efficient than themselves, which is illogical.

So the correct answer ir C
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 14 Apr 2016, 03:30
5) 53. Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.
A. small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their
B. small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their
C. small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in
D. more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their
E. more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in

A) Small cars are compared with time
B) Same as A
C) It is correct
D) Now, In D the cars are compared with cars with the help of those, but “at any other time in their history” also includes the time in which manufacturers made these small efficient cars. You cannot compare these small cars with themselves.
There is one more error. The question stems wants to say small cars that are more efficient. So according to the past, today’s small cars are more efficient. But, if you say "more full-efficient small cars", it means you are comparing a number of cars. That the number of fuel efficient small cars is more than other cars.
E) Same as above

Hope it helps:)
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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New post 15 May 2016, 09:13
Option D and E talks about number of fuel efficient cars but the discussion is about making small cars more fuel efficient.
We are left with Options A,B,C

Option A is irrelevant comparison with time.
Option B : they is ambiguous

Hence Option C is answer
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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Today's technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

A) small cars are more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their
B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their
C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in
D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their
E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in


A) The "are" is unnecessary, and "at any time" should read "at any other time." Otherwise it is an invalid comparison, since now is also a time. That's like saying "Sachin Tendulkar is better than any cricketer," which of course should read, "Sachin Tendulkar is better than any other cricketer," because he is not better than himself!

B) Again, "at any time" should read "at any other time."

C) Correct. "those" is an elegant way of referencing "small cars," and it also preserves the focus and meaning of the original.

D) We cannot compare a verb to a noun. In other words, we cannot compare how many cars are made to the cars themselves.

E) Sounds pretty good other than the "at any time" vs. "at any other time" issue that we should already be aware of, thanks to answers A/B vs. answers C/D. You could also argue that it shifts the meaning slightly from the original, changing the focus from small cars that are fuel efficient to fuel-efficient cars that are small.

You could also argue that both the answer choices with the word "now" (A and E) are redundant because of the reference to "Today's technology."

When confused by a tough SC, don't forget to compare and contrast your answers for inspiration. Omitting the "other" from this expression is a common mistake, but you can catch this mistake by paying close attention to the small differences in each answer choice.

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Originally posted by mcelroytutoring on 24 May 2016, 12:09.
Last edited by mcelroytutoring on 28 Nov 2017, 11:12, edited 8 times in total.
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Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink]

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problem is with the shifting of the meaning, comparison is between cars manufactured now with car manufacturing at other time, it is not between more fuel efficient car vs cars of other time. so it is right to say that- small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those (small cars) at any other time.

in choice A, their pronoun can refer to cars or manufacturer
Choice e - meaning shift, redundant "now", today conveys the same meaning
Re: Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars   [#permalink] 16 Jun 2016, 14:22

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