Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

It is currently 23 May 2017, 04:25

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 921
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 204 [0], given: 0

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2007, 12:45
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

67% (01:28) correct 33% (00:41) wrong based on 603 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Request Expert Reply
If you have any questions
you can ask an expert
New!
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 864
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 409 [0], given: 7

Re: SC - Tom Bradley [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 31 Jul 2007, 13:50
Initially went for C, but stopped at B :)
To be clear, answer choices are modifying a period, or "era" in this instance, between 1973 and 1993. As such, "during" can not modify "period" and, therefore D & E are out!

beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed - "when" is not the right modifier for "era"; no need for past perfect
(B) an era during which the city was transformed My choice!
(C) an era that transformed it - "era" cannot transform
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 368
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 75 [1] , given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2007, 11:53
1
This post received
KUDOS
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed <-- during which era is awkward, besides that I do not know any other reason for eliminating this
(E) during which the city was transformed <-- again, sounds awkward, we need to mention era

this was a tough one but B it is. OA is B as well (This is 1000 SC # 988)
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
Joined: 31 Mar 2007
Posts: 579
Location: Canada eh
Followers: 10

Kudos [?]: 69 [1] , given: 0

 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2007, 21:42
1
This post received
KUDOS
E

E is shorter than B and conveys the same meaning. Always pick the shorter answers.

988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

(A) an era when the city had transformed - had is used to specify that something occured before something else, which is no needed here.
(B) an era during which the city was transformed - Why introduce 'an era'? No need. E says the same thing but more elegantly. Wrong.
(C) an era that transformed it - The era did not transform the city, it was transformed DURING that time.
(D) during which era the city transformed - Era is misplaced. Awkward.
(E) during which the city was transformed - Ding Ding. Correct.
5 KUDOS received
CEO
CEO
User avatar
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2747
Location: New York City
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 938 [5] , given: 4

Re: SC - Tom Bradley [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Aug 2007, 10:03
5
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
during modifies a time period.

the answer is B because "an era ...." clause is an appositive.

which is tested two ways on the GMAT.
1. nonessential clause set off by a comma.
2. replacement of "that." "which"needs a preposition because the use of "which" in this case. Which is a relative pronoun and must have a referent. "An era" is the referent.

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era during which the city was transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.



beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jul 2011
Posts: 180
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 230 [0], given: 103

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2013, 04:31
Not getting the correct explanation how to cancel E.
B. an era during which the city was transformed
E. during which the city was transformed

I believe during which can properly refer back to from 1973 to 1993. am i wrong here.
Can someone post some tips one usage of during which.
_________________

If u can't jump the 700 wall , drill a big hole and cross it .. I can and I WILL DO IT ...need some encouragement and inspirations from U ALL

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 336
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Followers: 196

Kudos [?]: 383 [1] , given: 4

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2013, 06:06
1
This post received
KUDOS
Hi Sujit,

As I read the question the issue is that in answer E the 'during which' is unclear B is a far clearer way of expressing the sentence.

By adding in the words 'an era' it makes it totally unambigious what 'during which' refers to.

James
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0



... and more

Expert Post
MBA Section Director
avatar
G
Status: Back to work...
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 22 Feb 2012
Posts: 4310
Location: India
City: Pune
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.4
WE: Business Development (Manufacturing)
Followers: 440

Kudos [?]: 3169 [0], given: 2299

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 17 Feb 2013, 07:29
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hello Friends,
Correct Answer is B.

A) had transformed is not required here. Also an era when is awkward. An era during which transformation taken place is better than an era when the transformation taken place.

B) This choice converts the whole second clause into a modifier that modifies the period from 1973 to 1993. avoids all unnecessary tense shifts. Correct Choice.

C) the era itself didn't transform the city. Passive voice is required since the subject is unknown. City was transformed from x to y.

D) correct structure is subject - compliment. This choice is structured as (complement(subject)complement)

E) no clear referrent for which. It is doubtful whether which can modify prepositional phrase from 1973 to 1993.
_________________

Chances of Getting Admitted After an Interview [Data Crunch]

New GMAT Club Decision Tracker - Real Time Decision Updates

Expert Post
5 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
B
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2210

Kudos [?]: 7738 [5] , given: 291

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Feb 2013, 13:33
5
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi,
Received a PM to respond to this one.

This question is a good example of the correct usage of Noun + Noun modifier.

In the correct answer choice B, “an era during which…” the noun + noun modifier correctly modifies the preceding entity, the time span of “1973 to 1993”.

In choice E, “during which...” fails to precisely connect with this time span because "which" must refer to a particular noun entity. In this choice, "which" can refer to just "1993" also or can refer to "1973 to 1993" as well. Hence, there is an ambiguity in the modification of "which".

In the answer choice B, there is no ambiguity with "an era" because it covers the entire span from "1973 to 1993".

Hope this helps. :)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Expert Post
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 484
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 360

Kudos [?]: 2021 [0], given: 82

GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2013, 01:54
ramanujanu wrote:
I have a question on the choice C. 'An era that transformed it'. Does'nt 'an era' in itself properly refer to the timespan, do we have to have 'dutring which' ? is this not redundent? , Also does 'it' not refer to the Los Angeles ? Is there an ambiguity here ?


Quote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had
transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in
the United States.
A. an era when the city had transformed.
B. An era during which the city was transformed.
C. An era that transformed it.
D. During which era the city transformed.
E. During which the city was transformed.


Hi ramanujanu,

Lets consider (C)

C. An era that transformed it.

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era that transformed it from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

Quote:
Does'nt 'an era' in itself properly refer to the timespan, do we have to have 'dutring which' ? is this not redundent?


Yes "an era" in itself is a time span. But, when we say "an era that transformed transformed it", it means that "the era" transformed the city; this is not what the sentence intends to say. It is intended in the sentence that the city was transformed in this era and not by this era. "during which" in B is not redundant because it makes it clear that during this time span (an era) the city got transformed.

Quote:
Also does 'it' not refer to the Los Angeles ? Is there an ambiguity here ?


"it" may refer to "Los Angeles" . If you want to refer to "Los Angeles", the use of "the city" or "Los Anglees" would be better. This answer choice is incorrect because it does not express the intended meaning.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
_________________

Press Kudos if you want to say thanks

Ultimate Reading Comprehension Encyclopedia | Ultimate Sentence Correction Encyclopedia | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- VERBAL | GMAT Prep Software Analysis and What If Scenarios -- IR

Please Read and Follow the 9 Rules of Posting in Verbal Forum

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
B
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2022
Followers: 2210

Kudos [?]: 7738 [1] , given: 291

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Feb 2013, 09:46
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Quote:
Quote:
Also does 'it' not refer to the Los Angeles ? Is there an ambiguity here ?

Yes there is an ambiguity here, "it" dose not refer to "Los Angeles" as "Los Angeles" is the object of a prepositional phrase.


Please note that my comment below does not pertain to the Tom Bradley question. It is specific to the comment above.

Pronoun can refer to noun that resides in prepositional phrase.
There is no grammar rule that prohibits the pronoun from referring to the noun inside the prepositional phrase. Please please please do not follow such baseless rules. The only thing that governs the reference of pronoun is that there should not be any ambiguity in terms of what the pronoun refers to. You should not be scratching your head thinking whether the pronoun refers to noun 1 or noun 2 or noun 3. Here are a few correct official sentences. Pay close attention to the highlighted pronoun and antecedents:

In ancient Thailand, much of the local artisans’ creative energy was expended on the creation of Buddha images as well as constructing and decoration of the temples in which they were enshrined.

The plot of The Bostonians centers on the rivalry that develops between Olive Chancellor, an active feminist, and Basil Ransom, her charming and cynical cousin, when they find themselves drawn to the same radiant young woman whose talent for public speaking has won her an ardent following.

It was only after Katharine Graham became publisher of The Washington Post in 1963 that it moved into the first rank of American newspapers, and it was under her command that the paper won high praise for its unrelenting reporting of the Watergate scandal.

Hope this helps clarify the misconception.

Thanks,

Payal
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Nov 2008
Posts: 69
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 23 [2] , given: 1

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Aug 2013, 03:31
2
This post received
KUDOS
B is the best choice - (Appositive) -- Emphasis is on the ERA, when Y was Mayor.

A - incorrect - Cannot be past and past-perfect at the same time - "the city has transformed"

C - incorrect - use of it - ambiguous

D, E - incorrect - use of "during" is wrong in D and E because there is no antecedent for "during which" .

We need 'an era' as an appositive otherwise the clauses at the end would modify the year instead of the period

Source:
http://gmatsentencecorrection.blogspot. ... 7-988.html
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2015
Posts: 121
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 38 [1] , given: 260

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 06:18
1
This post received
KUDOS
sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed



Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E

Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4511
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 4185 [1] , given: 109

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 06:36
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
apolo wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed



[color=#0000ff]Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E[/color]
from 1973 to 1993 is an era...
Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 25 Jan 2015
Posts: 121
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 260

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jun 2015, 06:47
chetan2u wrote:
apolo wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed



[color=#0000ff]Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E[/color]
from 1973 to 1993 is an era...
Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me


Good Question!

But 'which' is a noun modifier; it normally modifies the noun (or in special cases, the noun phrase) before it.

What can which modify in E? Either '1997' (this does not make sense, because city was not transformed during only 1997) or another noun phrase before it. Unfortunately 'from 1973 to 1997' is not a noun (or noun phrase); therefore, 'which' cannot be used to modify it. Instead, we can use an absolute phrase as in B
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 215
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 32

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Apr 2017, 19:46
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
_________________

Please Read: Verbal Posting Rules

Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an   [#permalink] 07 Apr 2017, 19:46
    Similar topics Author Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
According to the Economic Development Corporation of Los Angeles Count AbdurRakib 0 06 Oct 2016, 07:45
According to the Economic Development Corporation of Los Angeles ted123 0 25 May 2016, 01:52
20 According to the Economic Development Corporation of Los Angeles Count ted123 16 18 Feb 2017, 12:17
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles sannidhya 0 30 Jun 2015, 06:36
1 The mayor regretted that Hurricane Bradley WaterFlowsUp 5 11 Aug 2014, 05:18
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.