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# Top college graduates are having more difficulty

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Senior Manager
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21 Jul 2008, 00:12
5
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (02:23) correct 53% (01:34) wrong based on 1512 sessions

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Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2010, 07:53
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mrinal2100 wrote:
WHATS WRONG WITH B

B - Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
Actually it is the reverse. Inflated grades lead to too many honors degrees. And this is already mentioned in the stimulus.
An assumption is a necessary premise that is missing from the stimulus. It strengthens the conclusion. If the assumption is negated, the conclusion breaks apart.

Conclusion here is: to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

The author is assuming that grades are inflated. That today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago. If it is true, then his conclusion strengthens. Colleges must take steps to control grade inflation is they want to restore confidence in their degrees.

Let's negate the assumption (A)
If today's students are actually higher achievers and that is the reason why 50% of them get honors degrees, then author's conclusion - to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation - has no merit. Then the grades are not inflated.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2010, 08:56
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x97agarwal wrote:
Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago. - correct
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades. - against the paragraph, since grade inflation has caused the increase in honors degree awardees, not the vice-versa
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions. - goes against the paragraph
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs. - Irrelevant..
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree - goes against the conclusion, coz if college were to make the employers aware, the college would not need to control grade inflation

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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 02:19
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It is asking for an assumption would support the conclusion in the passage?

The conclusion is to reduce grade inflation : grade inflation is only incorrect if students are at the same standard as before. if they were better, given them honors is fine. therefore, my vote is for

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.

OA plz
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2010, 07:17
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IMO A..
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2012, 21:17
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Expert's post
mohan514 wrote:
hello ma'am,
but in the conclusion there was nothing described about the achievement of the students
so i straightforward eliminated it ..
what sort of approach should i develope??

An assumption is a necessary missing premise. It is some information that is not given to you but you actually need it if you want to establish the conclusion. An assumption gives you new information i.e. it will not be present in the argument. Therefore, you cannot eliminate an option only because it gives you new info. It is actually meant to do that. You have to analyze whether the new info makes your conclusion stronger.

Say, I present this argument to you:
Every year new world records are set. Athletes must be taking performance enhancing drugs to set these records. All such drugs must be banned.

What have I assumed in my argument? I have assumed that the reason for the new records is not better training, diet and overall health.

So if you have 5 options, what could be your correct answer when you are looking for an assumption?
(A) Athletes do not get better training and diet each year.

Now just because my argument does not talk about 'training and diet', I cannot discard this option. It is an assumption I have made.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 00:15
b)
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 01:19
x97agarwal wrote:
Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.
Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades. The casuality is reverse , that is simply degrees cause honors so that is invalid
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions. The passage mentions about there are so many honoured students today so this is criterion is out of fashion. Today they rely on something else
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs. Out of the scope of conclusion
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degreeOut of scope, nothing has mentioned in the passage about criteria.

Conclusion is ''colleges must take steps to control grade inflation so in order to contro grade inflation, employers have to gain confidence for honoured students. If the criteria is known than employers will gain confidence against colleges. The answer is E What is the orginal answer?
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 02:50
I agree with A.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 03:57
IMO A
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 04:46
A for me as well.

A basically says that the grades are being generously given out rather than actually earned by students ... basically, students are no smarter now than they were twenty years ago
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 06:19
A
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 08:41
Sorry there was no OA available.

IMO A as well.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 09:19
A as well.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2008, 09:26
C IMO
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2010, 21:44
10000% A. A prevents the alternate cause.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2010, 01:56
Its A.
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2010, 02:23
A
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2010, 12:17
WHATS WRONG WITH B
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Re: CR: Top College Students [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2010, 07:33
B is not an assumption.
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Re: CR: Top College Students   [#permalink] 29 Nov 2010, 07:33

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# Top college graduates are having more difficulty

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