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# Top college graduates are having more difficulty

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Director
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09 Apr 2009, 02:49
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13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

pls show me denial/negation part
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09 Apr 2009, 23:48
I go with A. OA and source?

A because:
in the argument it is assumed that grades are inflated => students are not that good still they get good grades...and hence it is necessary to control grade inflation.

Very tricky..would like to hear from others.

nitya34 wrote:
13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

pls show me denial/negation part

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10 Apr 2009, 08:01
passage premises tells..
Grades are Inflated; That students of this age don't deserve these grades which they get, than students of 20 years ago
So only assumption while considering grades as inflated is
(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.

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10 Apr 2009, 08:10
IMO it's clear B.
I don't think it's A because students being high achievers or not have nothing to do with colleges being too generous with grades.

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10 Apr 2009, 08:40
You are right B clears

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10 Apr 2009, 14:06
A
oa??

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11 Apr 2009, 02:56
13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

I think A is right: If today's student's were higher achievers than those 10 years back, then the higher number of honors degrees would be in coherence with this (no grade inflation). But, if they are not, then the higher number of honors degrees being awarded does not make sense (grade inflation)

B: This is a statement already in the passage. So restating it would not add any weight to the existing stand.

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11 Apr 2009, 05:16
A.
In B, I dont understand what "too many" means.

nitya34 wrote:
13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

pls show me denial/negation part

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12 Apr 2009, 00:01
nitya34 wrote:
13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

pls show me denial/negation part

I dont like this tech., The theory is simple by removing "NOT" from any choice that has "NOT" in its own and adding "NOT" to the choice that hasnt, applying meaning of the choice to the argument. It is terrible for me.

I think, recognizing the argument and noticing how the reasoning flows is better

A too,
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12 Apr 2009, 05:00
I go for A

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12 Apr 2009, 08:04
I will go with B.

not A because one cannot conclude from if employers are not impressed by honors student they will not be higher achievers moreover non - honors students can also be higher achievers.
Please correct me if i am wrong...

nitya34 wrote:
13. Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Today’s employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

pls show me denial/negation part

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12 Apr 2009, 08:40
This is somewhat tricky. (A) is the correct answer, but it is not quite obvious because it addresses a well hidden assumption in the middle of a fairly long argument. The argument goes something like this:

20 years ago, no more than 10% of a graduating class received honors.

The change was caused by grade inflation.

Employers have less confidence in the honors degree.

Therefore, colleges must stop grade inflation in order to restore confidence.

This looks very solid, but when we read (A), we should realize that there is in fact a hidden assumption. In the middle of the argument, there is a cause and effect claim: Grade inflation is the cause of the change in the honors percentage. Whenever there is a cause and effect claim, there is always an assumption that no other cause exists. (A) provides part of this assumption, by eliminating one other possible cause: The possibility that the students are just better.

(B) cannot be the answer because "giving too many honors degrees" is not a CAUSE of grade inflation; it is the DEFINITION of grade inflation.
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12 Apr 2009, 18:16
I would also go with A.
Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation---> this assumes that students are getting higher grades just because of grade inflanation.

B also looks tempting choice but I dont feel it because it is assuming what it sets out to prove and does not look promising.

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13 Apr 2009, 21:53
(A) Today’s students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago. – we can not say based on the information provided.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades. – out of scope.
(C) Today’s employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions. – this could be one of the reasons that employers still look at honors degree.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs. – out of scope.
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree. – criterias are not talked about in the statements given.

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15 Apr 2009, 22:56
tough one, thought B at first too until grumpyoldman's expl..

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16 Apr 2009, 08:13
grumpyoldman wrote:
This is somewhat tricky. (A) is the correct answer, but it is not quite obvious because it addresses a well hidden assumption in the middle of a fairly long argument. The argument goes something like this:

20 years ago, no more than 10% of a graduating class received honors.

The change was caused by grade inflation.

Employers have less confidence in the honors degree.

Therefore, colleges must stop grade inflation in order to restore confidence.

This looks very solid, but when we read (A), we should realize that there is in fact a hidden assumption. In the middle of the argument, there is a cause and effect claim: Grade inflation is the cause of the change in the honors percentage. Whenever there is a cause and effect claim, there is always an assumption that no other cause exists. (A) provides part of this assumption, by eliminating one other possible cause: The possibility that the students are just better.

(B) cannot be the answer because "giving too many honors degrees" is not a CAUSE of grade inflation; it is the DEFINITION of grade inflation.

Thank you, I switch to A as well.
Did not read the question with enough attention. The key to CR questions is to read the question attentively ( myself).

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28 Oct 2009, 09:43
I go for A. If it is true the students now are higher achievers than 20 years ago then the argument falls apart

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02 May 2010, 11:31
But the aim of the grades' revision is to make the grades more reliable for the employers, so we are assuming that the employers are actually relying on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.

What do u think about that?
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Re: Assumption Q#2   [#permalink] 02 May 2010, 11:31
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# Top college graduates are having more difficulty

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