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Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there

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Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 10:50
1
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

38% (01:20) correct 62% (01:47) wrong based on 284 sessions

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Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there seems to be little agreement on how to solve it. One thing, however, is clear: ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Only if the government steps in and provides the homeless with housing will this problem disappear, and this necessitates increased taxation. For this reason, we should raise taxes.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, most supports the politician's argument?

(A) Only if a measure is required to solve a problem should it be adopted
(B) Only if a measure is sufficient to solve a problem should it be adopted
(C) If a measure is required to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(D) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(E) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, any steps necessitated by that measure should be adopted

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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 21:18
I went with 'A', how does using of 'Only if' makes it a wrong choice.
Can someone please explain ?

Thanks
Saurabh

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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 21:49
Sarjaria84 wrote:
I went with 'A', how does using of 'Only if' makes it a wrong choice.
Can someone please explain ?

Thanks
Saurabh

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My opinion: ‘only if’ suggests raising tax is the only option necessary to solve the problem, which is not mention by the premise. The premise just mention raising tax as necessary. So whether it is the only or not, we do not need it to be true to make the argurement rasing tax to solve homeless issue to be true.
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 22:55
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Sarjaria84 wrote:
I went with 'A', how does using of 'Only if' makes it a wrong choice.
Can someone please explain ?

Thanks
Saurabh

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"Only if" is too extreme. Should avoid extreme options such as only , should , must , all etc if a better one is available
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 23:03
Why not E?

Tax was a measure necessitated for providing homes to homeless.

Please help explain

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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2018, 23:06
pandeyashwin wrote:
Sarjaria84 wrote:
I went with 'A', how does using of 'Only if' makes it a wrong choice.
Can someone please explain ?

Thanks
Saurabh

Posted from my mobile device

"Only if" is too extreme. Should avoid extreme options such as only , should , must , all etc if a better one is available


Went with 'only if' because the argument also had that conditionality, so thought the answer should go with that.

nightblade354
Any comments please.

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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 03:31
nightblade354 wrote:
Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there seems to be little agreement on how to solve it. One thing, however, is clear: ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Only if the government steps in and provides the homeless with housing will this problem disappear, and this necessitates increased taxation. For this reason, we should raise taxes.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, most supports the politician's argument?

(A) Only if a measure is required to solve a problem should it be adopted
(B) Only if a measure is sufficient to solve a problem should it be adopted
(C) If a measure is required to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(D) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(E) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, any steps necessitated by that measure should be adopted


Answer should be C.

The stimulus states that homelessness is a problem and the government needs to step in and this will make the problem disappear.
The answer choices use the terms measure and problem - let's be clear which is what in order to avoid confusion.
Measure - Government Intervention
Problem - Homelessness


Now when we can go by POE -
A states the opposite of the stimulus. The government intervenes because there is homelessness and it is required to solve a problem.
Similarly we can eliminate B.
Coming to D - this cannot be inferred from the stimulus. Nowhere are we told if a measure is sufficient we should necessarily adopt it, rather govt intervention is required to make homelessness disappear. Re-read this part of the stimulus
Quote:
ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Only if the government steps in and provides the homeless with housing will this problem disappear, and this necessitates increased taxation. For this reason, we should raise taxes.

Option E is too far-fetched. Any steps needed should be adopted makes the option a little extreme.
Option C is much better than E and can be inferred from the stimulus.

Hope its clear.
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Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2018, 04:08
1
Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there seems to be little agreement on how to solve it. One thing, however, is clear: ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Only if the government steps in and provides the homeless with housing will this problem disappear, and this necessitates increased taxation. For this reason, we should raise taxes.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, most supports the politician's argument?

The big thing about this problem isn't breaking it down into premises/conclusions. The thing to understand is context, similar to that of an SC question. To begin, the question splits into two categories: the "only if" vs "if". Most people catch that the question stem says "only if", pushing people to (A) or (B). This is what LSAT wants you to do; they want you to fall into this trap. As I explain below, watch the context. They want you to reverse a sufficient condition for a necessary condition, which is where most get tripped up in (A)

Diagram: Homelessness problem -- little being done -- ignoring doesn't work -- only if Gov. helps (and leads to taxes) will it go away (this is our conclusion)

Breaking down A and C further:
A: Measure should be adopted ---> Measure is required to solve a problem
C: Measure is required to solve a problem ---> then it should be adopted


(A) Only if a measure is required to solve a problem should it be adopted -- The measure is taxation. Is taxation required to solve the problem? Nope. Government intervention is required, which will bring taxation. In other words: Only if taxation is required to solve a problem, it should be adopted. Reverses the correct answer.
(B) Only if a measure is sufficient to solve a problem should it be adopted -- This is not our conclusion. This says that if sufficient -- do it.
(C) If a measure is required to solve a problem, then it should be adopted -- This is word for word what we want. If taxation is required to solve a problem, it should be adopted. Bingo
(D) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, then it should be adopted -- This says if it is sufficient then we should adopt. That is not what our conclusion is saying, so this is out
(E) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, any steps necessitated by that measure should be adopted -- "any steps" is way off, as we only talk about one solution. Beyond this, same issue as D
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 07:12
Please explain the answers precisely.

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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Oct 2018, 07:28
vicky789,

Please see my explanation above. If that is still not sufficient for you, feel free to PM me your concerns.
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 06:19
Hi,
I'm not able to understand which measure are they talking about? the government stepping in or increasing tax? Please explain
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2018, 23:22
1
nightblade354 wrote:
Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there seems to be little agreement on how to solve it. One thing, however, is clear: ignoring the problem will not make it go away. Only if the government steps in and provides the homeless with housing will this problem disappear, and this necessitates increased taxation. For this reason, we should raise taxes.

Which one of the following principles, if valid, most supports the politician's argument?

(A) Only if a measure is required to solve a problem should it be adopted
(B) Only if a measure is sufficient to solve a problem should it be adopted
(C) If a measure is required to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(D) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, then it should be adopted
(E) If a measure is sufficient to solve a problem, any steps necessitated by that measure should be adopted


Premises:
Homelessness is a problem.
The problem will go away only if the govt steps in to provide houses.
For Govt to provide housing, taxes need to be increased.

Conclusion: So we should raise taxes.

The measure being talked about is raising taxes. That is what is under discussion (whether it should be adopted or not).

The premises tell us that taxes NEED to be increased to provide housing. So one part of our choice is clear - "a measure is required" (not sufficient). The premises tell us that increase in taxes is required.
Now the choice is between "Only if" and "If".
The premises do not say that one should not raise taxes otherwise. It does not say that we should raise taxes only if it is required to solve the problem. The premises tell us that if it is necessary to raise taxes to solve this problem, we should raise taxes.

Answer (C)
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Re: Politician: Nobody can deny that homelessness is a problem, yet there &nbs [#permalink] 24 Oct 2018, 23:22
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