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The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio

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The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 18:31
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The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil.While this agency and its reason for existence made sense at the time, there are now thoughts of dismantling the DOE entirely.

There are strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution. It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing.Since its inception, it has taken on other duties, including energy and environmental research, oil stockpiling, data gathering, and civilian nuclear waste management. Though the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged, there are many who support its continued existence, including those who point out that $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves.

Those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.

1. The passage is primarily concerned with

A. presenting an argument and the response to that argument
B. initiating a discussion concerning the proposed dissolution of a government agency
C. proposing two different solutions to the same problem
D. describing two divergent viewpoints on a single topic
E. arguing against the dissolution of the DOE



2. With which of the following would the author most likely agree?

A. America no longer depends on imported oil.
B. Many of the problems that led to the creation of the DOE have been addressed.
C. The maintenance of nuclear weapons is the exclusive prerogative of the DOE.
D. Environmental research is the most significant contribution of the modern DOE.
E. During the last decade, the DOE has become less and less important.



3. According to the passage, detractors of the DOE's handling of labs, power plants, and nuclear waste disposal believe that privatization.

A. is a necessary byproduct of an inefficient governmental system
B. is more efficient than government oversight of similar duties
C. provides much needed capital to the government
D. has been largely ignored and should be examined on a larger scale
E. creates more jobs in the industry than would otherwise be available



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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 21:34
Q2 is very poor ..an exploitation of "BEST answer"

The passage says no longer among the most pressing. The issues may still exist but they may not be more crucial/dire than other issues.
All other choices are obviously wrong but choice B is unwarranted.
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 21:37
2
Yes, I agree, I felt that too..... But solving as another form of practice. B is really very wide in scope. GMAT will never give such options.
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2018, 09:56
+1 with the same view, I feel the Level of Difficulty can be classified as Sub 600 as well, what say other....
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The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 17:07
aragonn wrote:
[box_out][box_in]The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil.While this agency and its reason for existence made sense at the time, there are now thoughts of dismantling the DOE entirely.

There are strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution. It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing.Since its inception, it has taken on other duties, including energy and environmental research, oil stockpiling, data gathering, and civilian nuclear waste management. Though the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged, there are many who support its continued existence, including those who point out that $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves.

Those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.


Got 3/3 correct in 5:39 min including 3:20 min to read the passage!

Passage Map:


1) Background about DOE & Talks about Dismantling
2) Arguments against dismantling DOE
3) Arguments for dismantling DOE
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 18:48
dabaobao wrote:
aragonn wrote:
[box_out][box_in]The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil.While this agency and its reason for existence made sense at the time, there are now thoughts of dismantling the DOE entirely.

There are strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution. It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing.Since its inception, it has taken on other duties, including energy and environmental research, oil stockpiling, data gathering, and civilian nuclear waste management. Though the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged, there are many who support its continued existence, including those who point out that $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves.

Those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.


Got 3/3 correct in 5:39 min including 3:20 min to read the passage!

Passage Map:



1) Background about DOE & Talks about Dismantling
2) Arguments against dismantling DOE
3) Arguments for dismantling DOE


Could you explain the answer for Q2?
" It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing."=> It means DOE is now less important=> So The answer E is more accurate. Could you please explain why B is correct?
Thank you
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 18:58
1
Skyline393 wrote:
dabaobao wrote:
aragonn wrote:
[box_out][box_in]The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil.While this agency and its reason for existence made sense at the time, there are now thoughts of dismantling the DOE entirely.

There are strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution. It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing.Since its inception, it has taken on other duties, including energy and environmental research, oil stockpiling, data gathering, and civilian nuclear waste management. Though the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged, there are many who support its continued existence, including those who point out that $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves.

Those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.


Got 3/3 correct in 5:39 min including 3:20 min to read the passage!

Passage Map:



1) Background about DOE & Talks about Dismantling
2) Arguments against dismantling DOE
3) Arguments for dismantling DOE


Could you explain the answer for Q2?
" It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing."=> It means DOE is now less important=> So The answer E is more accurate. Could you please explain why B is correct?
Thank you




Quote:
E. During the last decade, the DOE has become less and less important.


Choice E is out of scope. We have no info about the "last decade".

Quote:
B. Many of the problems that led to the creation of the DOE have been addressed.


Support for B:
"While this agency and its reason for existence made sense at the time.."
"It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing."

We can infer B more strongly from those 2 sentences. "no longer among the most pressing" implies "have been addressed".

Hope that helps!
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2018, 04:32
3/3 3:25 Reading and answering the first question. 6:35 Total
Passage is right around a 600 level. Questions 1 and 2 have some tough trap answers. For question 2, I was stuck between B and E but only B was best supported by the passage. If anyone has questions about this passage, feel free to reach out!
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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2018, 04:41
1. The passage is primarily concerned with

A. presenting an argument and the response to that argument
B. initiating a discussion concerning the proposed dissolution of a government agency
C. proposing two different solutions to the same problem
D. describing two divergent viewpoints on a single topic
E. arguing against the dissolution of the DOE

Question Explanation:


This is a primary purpose question, as indicated by the phrase primarily concerned with. The task of the question is to determine why the author wrote the passage. The subject of the question is the passage as a whole. In order to answer the question, determine why the author wrote the passage, then evaluate the answer choices, eliminating any choice that does not match the author’s primary purpose. According to the passage, The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil. The author discusses strong arguments both for and against the DOE’s dissolution. Thus, the author wrote the passage in order to describe two different views of the DOE.

Choice A: No. The recycled language argument may make this answer choice seem appealing but this is a memory trap. The author describes strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution. However, neither argument is in response to the other one.

Choice B: No. This choice is a reversal. The passage states that there are strong arguments both for and against its inclusion in groups of cabinet-level agencies marked for dissolution, which implies the discussion has already been initiated.

Choice C: No. This answer choice uses the extreme language proposing, solutions and problem. The passage is describing (rather than proposing) two different arguments (rather than solutions) both for and against the DOE’s dissolution (rather than problem).

Choice D: Correct. The author discusses strong arguments both for and against the DOE’s dissolution. On the one hand, it has taken on other duties, including energy and environmental research, oil stockpiling, data gathering, and civilian nuclear waste management. On the other hand, DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.

Choice E: No. The recycled language against and dissolution might make this choice appealing since the passage states that though the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged, there are many who support its continued existence, including those who point out that $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves. However, the passage also examines reasoning that supports the dissolution of the DOE, such as those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures…to run them more efficiently.

The correct answer is choice D.

2. With which of the following would the author most likely agree?

A. America no longer depends on imported oil.
B. Many of the problems that led to the creation of the DOE have been addressed.
C. The maintenance of nuclear weapons is the exclusive prerogative of the DOE.
D. Environmental research is the most significant contribution of the modern DOE.
E. During the last decade, the DOE has become less and less important.

Question Explanation:


This is an inference question, as evidenced by the words would most likely agree. The task of the question is indicated by the phrase with which of the following. The subject of this question is the importance of the DOE. In order to answer the question, determine what the passage states about the subject and evaluate the answer choices, eliminating any choice which cannot be supported by the text. According to the passage, The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administration in 1977 in an attempt to break the American economy’s dependence on imported oil and it is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing. Additionally, $10.5 billion dollars of its annual budget goes to clean up waste created over the last fifty years by the production of nuclear weapons, as well as maintain the nuclear weapons themselves.

Choice A: No. This choice may seem appealing as the DOE was created to break…dependence on imported oil, but the claim America no longer depends on imported oil is extreme language that is not supported by the passage. The passage states that the DOE’s reason for existence made sense at the time, but does not state that America is no longer dependent on foreign oil.

Choice B: Correct. The second sentence in the second paragraph states It is true that most of the regulatory concerns that led to the development of the DOE responsibilities are no longer among the most pressing. Since the concerns that led to the development…are no longer pressing, it supports that many of the problems have been addressed in some way.

Choice C: No. This choice may seem appealing due to the recycled language nuclear weapons, but the phrase exclusive prerogative is too extreme to be supported by the passage. The passage states that the DOE uses funds from its budget to maintain…nuclear weapons, but does not state that no other entity plays a role in that maintenance.

Choice D: No. This choice may seem appealing due to the recycled language environmental research, but the passage makes no such comparison between the significance of each contribution by the DOE. The significance of environmental research is not given as it compares to the other contributions of the DOE.

Choice E: No. This choice may seem appealing due to the statement in the passage that many of the issues the DOE was created to address are no longer among the most pressing, but the claim the DOE has become less and less important is too extreme to be supported by the text. The passage does not indicate whether the last decade has changed the role of the DOE.

The correct answer is choice B.

3. According to the passage, detractors of the DOE's handling of labs, power plants, and nuclear waste disposal believe that privatization.

A. is a necessary byproduct of an inefficient governmental system
B. is more efficient than government oversight of similar duties
C. provides much needed capital to the government
D. has been largely ignored and should be examined on a larger scale
E. creates more jobs in the industry than would otherwise be available

Question Explanation:


This is a retrieval question, as evidenced by the phrase according to the passage. The task of the question is indicated by the phrase according to the passage. The subject of the question is what detractors of the DOE's handling of labs, power plants, and nuclear waste disposal believe about privatization. In order to answer the question, determine what the passage states about the subject and evaluate the answer choices, eliminating any choice which cannot be supported by the text. According to the passage, those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Nuclear waste management concerns could also be privatized, forcing managers to justify costs to thrifty share-holders.

Choice A: No. This choice may seem appealing, since the passage indicates that the DOE’s expertise and efficiency have been challenged. However, the word necessary is too extreme to be supported by the text. The passage states that profit-making ventures…would have the incentive to run DOE programs more efficiently, but that statement does not support that privatization is necessary.

Choice B: Correct. The passage states Those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently.

Choice C: No. This choice may seem appealing since privatization of the DOE would theoretically free up the budget currently spent on the DOE. However, this choice is a memory trap. The passage does not indicate what would happen to the funds currently spent on the DOE, and they may not become available funds.

Choice D: No. The phrase larger scale makes this answer choice appealing. However, the phrase largely ignored is too extreme to be supported by the text, which states only that those who would like to see the agency disappear contend that the DOE’s labs and power plants could be sold to profit-making ventures.

Choice E: No. The phrase creates more jobs may make this choice appealing, as the passage references management and profit-making ventures. However, the passage states labs, power plants, and nuclear waste disposal…could be sold to profit-making ventures which would have the incentive to run them more efficiently. Since no new facilities are introduced, there is no support for the creation of additional jobs.

The correct answer is choice B.

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Re: The Department of Energy (DOE) was created by the Carter administratio &nbs [#permalink] 06 Dec 2018, 04:41
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