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# The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its

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The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2019, 06:21
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Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

43% (02:33) correct 58% (02:36) wrong based on 80 sessions

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The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its goal and then to plan the best way to accomplish that goal. The United States space station project does not conform to this ideal. When the Cold War ended, the project lost its original purpose, so another purpose was quickly grafted onto the project, that of conducting limited-gravity experiments, even though such experiments can be done in an alternative way. It is, therefore, abundantly clear that the space station should not be built.

The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument

(A) attacks the proponents of a claim rather than arguing against the claim itself
(B) presupposes what it sets out to prove
(C) faults planners for not foreseeing a certain event, when in fact that event was not foreseeable
(D) contains statements that lead to a self-contradiction
(E) concludes that a shortcoming is fatal, having produced evidence only of the existence of that shortcoming

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Re: The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2019, 07:16
2
The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its goal and then to plan the best way to accomplish that goal. The United States space station project does not conform to this ideal. When the Cold War ended, the project lost its original purpose, so another purpose was quickly grafted onto the project, that of conducting limited-gravity experiments, even though such experiments can be done in an alternative way. It is, therefore, abundantly clear that the space station should not be built.

A difficult one..
Proper way to plan :- Decide a goal -> then work on the best way to get to that goal.
Plan of a Space station :- Initial reason was cold war -> space station planned -> the cold war, thus the purpose, has ended -> Another goal of experiments decided -> Other ways to do these experiments possible -> The plan should be shelved.

The reasoning in the argument is flawed because the argument

Flaws could be -
1) The project could been already at the final stage, so shelving would not solve purpose, as it is used for some other purpose.
2) The alternative way may not be more efficient.

(A) attacks the proponents of a claim rather than arguing against the claim itself
No such thing happens in the para

(B) presupposes what it sets out to prove
Means a circular argument, but this is not a circular argument. The argument is very clear

(C) faults planners for not foreseeing a certain event, when in fact that event was not foreseeable
No one has been blamed in the argument

(D) contains statements that lead to a self-contradiction
The argument is very clear. There is a goal, and ways to accomplish that.

(E) concludes that a shortcoming is fatal, having produced evidence only of the existence of that shortcoming
This meets our 2nd flaw mentioned above. A shortcoming of the initial purpose being no more there and possible alternate ways is given but we do not know that these ways are more efficient, and what stage is the project on.

E
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Re: The proper way to plan a scientific project is first to decide its   [#permalink] 10 Apr 2019, 07:16
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