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American citizens were not generally required to have passports for

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American citizens were not generally required to have passports for  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2020, 11:51
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Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

67% (01:12) correct 33% (01:38) wrong based on 90 sessions

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American citizens were not generally required to have passports for international travel until 1941; prior to that year Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel.

A. Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

B. Washington had relied on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

C. specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were what Washington was reliant on to regulate international travel

D. regulation of international travel for Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act

E. for international travel, specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were relied on by Washington


Source - Ready4Gmat
Verb-Tense Series

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Re: American citizens were not generally required to have passports for  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2020, 13:09
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Abhi077 wrote:
American citizens were not generally required to have passports for international travel until 1941; prior to that year Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel.

A. Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

B. Washington had relied on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

C. specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were what Washington was reliant on to regulate international travel

D. regulation of international travel for Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act

E. for international travel, specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were relied on by Washington


Source - Ready4Gmat
Verb-Tense Series


Correct answer: B

(A): Incorrect. (A) is the closest second choice, but the word choice "Washington had relied on" is preferable to (A)'s "Washington was reliant on." First, "was reliant on" uses the simple past, rather than the past perfect ("had been reliant on"); the past perfect is preferable as it indicates an ongoing action that occurred in the past. Second, the active voice is preferable as Washington was, in fact, the actor: The passive voice gives the impression that a third-party actor caused Washington to rely on specific immigration laws.
(B): Correct. See above for discussion of "had relied on" vs. "was reliant on."
(C): Incorrect. (C) is wordily phrased, unnecessarily employing the passive voice. Further, (C) uses the phrasing "was reliant on" versus the preferable "had relied on."
(D): Incorrect. (D)'s use of the preposition "for" changes the meaning, suggesting that the travel was to Washington. Further, (D) has the less preferable phrasing "was reliant on."
(E): Incorrect. (E) excludes the term "regulation" entirely, changing the meaning of the sentence. Further, (E) is awkwardly phrased.
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Re: American citizens were not generally required to have passports for  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2020, 21:25
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OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


As we read Sentence Correction questions we should be on the lookout, even on our first pass, for things that sound wrong. In this case, we may notice that "Washington was reliant on" could be replaced with the more active and direct phrasing "Washington relied on." After eliminating the answers that use "was reliant on," we are left with choices (B) and (E).
Choice (B) expresses the point clearly, with no wasted words, while choice (E) is wordy and difficult to understand.

The correct answer is Choice (B).

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Re: American citizens were not generally required to have passports for  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2020, 06:52
Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-

Abhi077 wrote:
American citizens were not generally required to have passports for international travel until 1941; prior to that year Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel.

A. Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

B. Washington had relied on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, to regulate international travel

C. specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were what Washington was reliant on to regulate international travel

D. regulation of international travel for Washington was reliant on specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act

E. for international travel, specific immigration laws, such as the U.S. Chinese Exclusion Act, were relied on by Washington



Choice A: This answer choice uses the simple past tense to refer to the act of Washington relying on specific immigration laws; as this act is the earlier of two events that concluded in the past, it would be more appropriate to refer to this event with the past perfect tense. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice B: This answer choice maintains proper tense use, conveys the intended meaning of the sentence, and is quite concise. Thus, this answer choice is correct.

Choice C: This answer choice repeats the error seen in Option A. Additionally, this answer choice is needlessly wordy due to the use of the passive voice. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice D: This answer choice repeats the errors seen in Options A and C. Additionally, this answer choice changes the meaning of the sentence by using the phrase "travel for Washington"; this phrase implies that the regulations applied to travel to Washington. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Choice E: This answer choice changes the meaning of the sentence entirely by omitting the word regulation. Thus, this answer choice is incorrect.

Hence, B is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Past Perfect Tense - Use of Had on GMAT", you may want to watch the following video (~2 minutes):



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Re: American citizens were not generally required to have passports for   [#permalink] 06 Feb 2020, 06:52

American citizens were not generally required to have passports for

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