Hi All,
There are a couple of different ways to approach this question - depending on how you 'see' the math involved. This question can be solved rather quickly by TESTing THE ANSWERS.
From the prompt, we know that there are 30 checks in total (some are 50s and some are 100s) and the the SUM of their value is $1800. That means the 'starting average value' is 1800/30 = $60. As we remove 50s from that calculation, the average will INCREASE. The question asks how many of the 50s we have to remove to get the average up to $80.
Since $80 is a nice 'round number', it's likely that we'll end up removing a number of checks that will create a 'nice' number to divide by (such as a multiple of 5 or a multiple of 10). Looking at the answers, I would start with answer D, since removing 20 checks would leave us with 10 checks (and 10 will be easy to divide into whatever the new numerator is...
Let's TEST Answer D: 20
If we remove twenty 50s from the total value, then the new total value will be 1800 - (20)(50) = $800.
After removing those twenty checks, there will be 30 - 20 = 10 checks remaining.
The average of these remaining checks is $800/10 = $80
This matches what we were told, so this MUST be the answer.
Final Answer:
GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
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