Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 26 May 2017, 01:13

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2012, 18:57
12
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

70% (03:25) correct 30% (02:31) wrong based on 369 sessions

Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and$100 denominations. The total worth of the travelers checks is $1800. How many checks of$50 denominations can he spend so that average amount (arithmetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is $80? A. 4 B. 12 C. 15 D. 20 E. 24 [Reveal] Spoiler: OA Senior Manager Joined: 11 May 2011 Posts: 363 Location: US Followers: 4 Kudos [?]: 102 [1] , given: 46 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Aug 2012, 19:22 1 This post received KUDOS vinay911 wrote: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks in$50 and $100 denominations.The total worth of the travelers checks is$1800.How many checks of $50 denominations can he spend so that average amount(arithemetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is$80?

a)4
b)12
c)15
d)20
e)24

This one took me 2+ min.

x+y = 30
50x+100y=1800
Solving both the equation will give you - x = 24 and y = 6.
Now one can start plug-n-play and can figure out that D fits the answer.
x=4, y=6 makes the average amount of the remaining travelers checks to $80. D wins. _________________ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- What you do TODAY is important because you're exchanging a day of your life for it! ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- SVP Joined: 16 Nov 2010 Posts: 1666 Location: United States (IN) Concentration: Strategy, Technology Followers: 34 Kudos [?]: 533 [1] , given: 36 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Aug 2012, 19:37 1 This post received KUDOS 3 This post was BOOKMARKED X + y = 30 50x + 100y = 1800 => X +2y = 36 => Y = 6 x = 24 Let n be the number So ((24-n) * 50 + 6*100)/(30-n) = 80 => 120 – 5n + 60 = 240 -8n => 3n = 60 => n = 20 Answer - D _________________ Formula of Life -> Achievement/Potential = k * Happiness (where k is a constant) GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings Manager Joined: 24 Jul 2011 Posts: 76 Location: India Concentration: Strategy, General Management GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V33 WE: Asset Management (Manufacturing) Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 136 [4] , given: 5 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Aug 2012, 08:12 4 This post received KUDOS This can be solved easily using algorithm, x + y = 30 ---(i) 50x +100y=1800 => x+2y=36 ---- (ii) Therefore from equation (i) and (ii) we get, y=6 Let, we can use the algorithm to find how 50 and 100 make the average to 80 ................50......................100 ............................80 ...........(100-80)...............(80-50) ..............=20......................=30 >> ............2 .........................3 (this is the ratio by which 50 & 100 are to be combined to make average of 80) >> .............4.........................6 (just multiplying both sides with 2, it does not change the ratio) This means if we have six 100 and four 50 we will get average 80 considering all notes So, extra 50 notes are 24-4= 20 _________________ My mantra for cracking GMAT: Everyone has inborn talent, however those who complement it with hard work we call them 'talented'. +1 Kudos = Thank You Dear Are you saying thank you? GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 15456 Followers: 649 Kudos [?]: 209 [0], given: 0 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Sep 2013, 05:21 Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot! Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos). Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email. _________________ Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 38894 Followers: 7737 Kudos [?]: 106174 [0], given: 11607 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Sep 2013, 05:28 Expert's post 1 This post was BOOKMARKED GMATBaumgartner wrote: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks in$50 and $100 denominations.The total worth of the travelers checks is$1800.How many checks of $50 denominations can he spend so that average amount(arithemetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is$80?

a)4
b)12
c)15
d)20
e)24

Similar question to practice: a-tourist-purchased-a-total-of-1-500-worth-of-traveler-s-111369.html
_________________
Manager
Joined: 23 Jan 2013
Posts: 172
Concentration: Technology, Other
Schools: Haas
GMAT Date: 01-14-2015
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 48 [0], given: 41

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Sep 2013, 07:37
subhashghosh wrote:
X + y = 30
50x + 100y = 1800
=> X +2y = 36
=> Y = 6 x = 24
Let n be the number
So ((24-n) * 50 + 6*100)/(30-n) = 80

=> 120 – 5n + 60 = 240 -8n
=> 3n = 60
=> n = 20

I am confused as to why cant we do the opposite for this

(24*50 + (6-n)*100)/(30-n)) = 80 ?
The answer doesnt hold then ....
Intern
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 16
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 13 [1] , given: 3

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Sep 2013, 07:59
1
KUDOS
GMATBaumgartner wrote:
Tourist purchased a total of 30 travellers checks in $50 and$100 denominations.The total worth of the travelers checks is $1800.How many checks of$50 denominations can he spend so that average amount(arithemetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is $80? a)4 b)12 c)15 d)20 e)24 actually there is no need to calculate the numbers of two checks. Here is how I got the correct answer: say the number of checks need to be spent to get the final average amount of$80 is x
Average amount= amount of $100 checks / numbers of remaining checks then 1800-50*x / 30-x =80 x= 20 Director Status: 1,750 Q's attempted and counting Affiliations: University of Florida Joined: 09 Jul 2013 Posts: 512 Location: United States (FL) Schools: UFL (A) GMAT 1: 600 Q45 V29 GMAT 2: 590 Q35 V35 GMAT 3: 570 Q42 V28 GMAT 4: 610 Q44 V30 GPA: 3.45 WE: Accounting (Accounting) Followers: 26 Kudos [?]: 828 [0], given: 630 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Dec 2013, 23:08
you could set-up a quick table and brute force the answer.

A 4 * 50 200 1800 -200 1600 26 61.54
B 12 * 50 600 1800 -600 1200 18 66.67
C 15 * 50 750 1800 -750 1050 15 70.00
D 20 * 50 1000 1800 -1000 800 10 80.00
E 24 * 50 1200 1800 -1200 600 6 100.00
Current Student
Joined: 21 Oct 2013
Posts: 193
Location: Germany
GMAT 1: 660 Q45 V36
GPA: 3.51
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 40 [0], given: 19

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2014, 12:03
GMATBaumgartner wrote:
Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and$100 denominations. The total worth of the travelers checks is $1800. How many checks of$50 denominations can he spend so that average amount (arithmetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is $80? A. 4 B. 12 C. 15 D. 20 E. 24 I took more than 2min to solve this question. Is there any quick way? My approach was this. Initially, Tourist had total 30 travelers checks. Let say say, he initially had x number of$50 travelers checks. So he will have 30-x number of $100 travelers checks. The total worth of the travelers checks is$1800.

x*50 + (30-x)*100 = 1800
x*5+(30-x)*10=180
300-x*5=180
x=24

So he had 24 fifty dollar travelers checks and (30-24=6) hundred dollar travelers checks.

Suppose he spends few checks, remaining number of $50 is y (5*y+6*100)/(y+6) = 80 ----comments:- Weight Average Mean Formula. He did not spend any$100 checks so 6 is as it is.
y=4

he was left with only 4 checks of $50. So he spent 20 checks of$ 50.

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 896
Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Followers: 57

Kudos [?]: 1432 [0], given: 302

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 May 2015, 14:04 ammuseeru wrote: GMATBaumgartner wrote: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and $100 denominations. The total worth of the travelers checks is$1800. How many checks of $50 denominations can he spend so that average amount (arithmetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is$80?

A. 4
B. 12
C. 15
D. 20
E. 24

I took more than 2min to solve this question. Is there any quick way?

Initially, Tourist had total 30 travelers checks.
Let say say, he initially had x number of $50 travelers checks. So he will have 30-x number of$100 travelers checks.
The total worth of the travelers checks is $1800. x*50 + (30-x)*100 = 1800 x*5+(30-x)*10=180 300-x*5=180 x=24 So he had 24 fifty dollar travelers checks and (30-24=6) hundred dollar travelers checks. Suppose he spends few checks, remaining number of$50 is y

(5*y+6*100)/(y+6) = 80 ----comments:- Weight Average Mean Formula. He did not spend any $100 checks so 6 is as it is. y=4 he was left with only 4 checks of$50. So he spent 20 checks of $50. Answer is D I Also had 2+ minutes until i figured out, that it might be the best way to start plugging in. Start in the middle with plugging in and check if the answer fits the average ov$80.
Start Plugging in 15 and you get 15*50 = 750 spent leaving 1050 USD and 15 tickets averaging $70 > eliminate this answer choice. If youre not sure which way to go, choose one direction, plug in 20 and you get 20*50 = 1000 spent leaving 800 USD and 20 tickets averaging$80.

Very easy, but it took me more than 5min to figure out which method to take ... poor me
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Intern
Joined: 20 Oct 2014
Posts: 41
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 44

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 May 2015, 03:36 Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and $100 denominations. The total worth of the travelers checks is$1800. How many checks of $50 denominations can he spend so that average amount (arithmetic mean) of the remaining travelers checks is$80?

A. 4
B. 12
C. 15
D. 20
E. 24

let x be the number of $50 checks he had to start with. 50x + 100(30-x) = 1800 Solving, we get x=24 therefore he had 6$100 checks (value $600) After he spends some$50 checks, let y be the total number of checks he has remaining.
Therefore,
80y = 6*100 + 50(y-6) ....... eqauting the value of the checks
we get y=10
Hence we had 10 total checks remaining, out of which 6 were $100 and 4$50.
Therefore, he spend 20 $50 checks. GMAT Club Legend Joined: 09 Sep 2013 Posts: 15456 Followers: 649 Kudos [?]: 209 [0], given: 0 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2016, 05:14
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
Director
Joined: 18 Oct 2014
Posts: 908
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31
GPA: 3.98
Followers: 98

Kudos [?]: 300 [0], given: 69

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 May 2016, 09:17 It took me more than 2 mins. x+y= 30 50x +100y= 1800 Solving the above equation we get x= 24, y=6 Suppose the person can spend 'n'$50 checks, then the equation becomes

50(24-n) + 6*100= 80 (30-n)

Solving the equation we get 'n'= 20

chetan2u, please advise if there is any shortcut method for it.
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4514
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 4196 [2] , given: 109

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 May 2016, 09:27 2 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Divyadisha wrote: It took me more than 2 mins. x+y= 30 50x +100y= 1800 Solving the above equation we get x= 24, y=6 Suppose the person can spend 'n'$50 checks, then the equation becomes

50(24-n) + 6*100= 80 (30-n)

Solving the equation we get 'n'= 20

chetan2u, please advise if there is any shortcut method for it.

Hi,
after you have got x= 24 and y=6, you can use weighted average method to find the rest of the answer..
for average of 80, the ratio of # of 50 and # of 100 = $$\frac{100-80}{80-50} = \frac{2}{3}$$..
therefore you should have 2 * 50$for every 3 *100$...
but we have 6 *100$, so # of 50$ = $$2 *\frac{6}{3}= 4$$..
and he can spend the REST = $$24-4 = 20$$
_________________

Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 4514
Followers: 394

Kudos [?]: 4196 [1] , given: 109

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 May 2016, 09:32 1 This post received KUDOS Expert's post Divyadisha wrote: It took me more than 2 mins. x+y= 30 50x +100y= 1800 Solving the above equation we get x= 24, y=6 Suppose the person can spend 'n'$50 checks, then the equation becomes

50(24-n) + 6*100= 80 (30-n)

Solving the equation we get 'n'= 20

chetan2u, please advise if there is any shortcut method for it.

Two more methods would be -
1)substitute -
you can substitute one by one and find...
2) Logic..
# of 50 is 24 and # of 100 is 6....
so if both are 6, the average is 75$, but we are looking for higher average, 80$, so # of 50 $has to be less than 6... ONLY 24 - 20 =4 fits in.. _________________ Absolute modulus :http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372 Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html Director Joined: 07 Dec 2014 Posts: 671 Followers: 3 Kudos [?]: 137 [0], given: 3 Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2016, 20:42
equation 1: 50x+100y=1800
equation 2: 50(x-z)+100y=80(30-z)➡
50x+100y=2400-30z
therefore,
1800=2400-30z
z=20 $50 checks he needs to spend Director Joined: 18 Oct 2014 Posts: 908 Location: United States GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31 GPA: 3.98 Followers: 98 Kudos [?]: 300 [0], given: 69 Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 May 2016, 07:06
chetan2u wrote:
It took me more than 2 mins.

x+y= 30
50x +100y= 1800

Solving the above equation we get x= 24, y=6

Suppose the person can spend 'n' $50 checks, then the equation becomes 50(24-n) + 6*100= 80 (30-n) Solving the equation we get 'n'= 20 chetan2u, please advise if there is any shortcut method for it. Two more methods would be - 1)substitute - you can substitute one by one and find... 2) Logic.. # of 50 is 24 and # of 100 is 6.... so if both are 6, the average is 75$, but we are looking for higher average, 80$, so # of 50$ has to be less than 6... ONLY 24 - 20 =4 fits in..

Thanks for suggesting all approaches
_________________

I welcome critical analysis of my post!! That will help me reach 700+

Manager
Joined: 03 Jan 2015
Posts: 91
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 146

Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in $50 and [#permalink] ### Show Tags 09 Jun 2016, 06:18 Took me almost 3 min. but only because I figured out after 2 min. that the best method to solve this question is by plugging in the numbers. Re: Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in$50 and   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2016, 06:18

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 22 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
A grocer purchased 50 identical cans of soup for a total cost of x 3 20 May 2017, 04:31
2 A total of x tourists were transported by bus to a certain museum. If 3 28 Nov 2015, 21:03
6 Micheal purchased a total of $1,200 worth of traveler’s chec 6 30 Jul 2016, 10:15 10 In the county of Veenapaniville, there are a total of 50 9 12 Mar 2017, 18:54 11 A tourist purchased a total of$1,500 worth of traveler’s 9 26 Sep 2016, 23:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Tourist purchased a total of 30 travelers checks in \$50 and

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.