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# Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have

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Manager
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Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2012, 21:10
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67% (02:57) correct 33% (02:04) wrong based on 451 sessions

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Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have ordinances restricting where skateboarding can be done would be to protect children from danger. Skateboarding in the town's River Park is undoubtedly dangerous, but we should not pass an ordinance prohibiting it. If children cannot skateboard in the park, they will most certainly skateboard in the streets. And skateboarding in the streets is more dangerous that skateboarding in the park.

The pattern of reasoning in which one of the following is most similar to that in the town councilor's argument?

(a) The reason for requiring environmental reviews is to ensure that projected developments do not harm the natural environment. Currently, environmental concerns are less compelling than economic concerns, but in the long run, the environment must be protected. Therefore, the requirement for environmental reviews should not be waived.
(b) Insecticides are designed to protect crops against insect damage. Aphids damage tomato crops, but using insecticides against aphids kills wasps that prey on insecticide-resistant pests. Since aphids damage tomato crops less than the insecticide-resistant pests do, insecticides should not be used against aphids on tomato crops.
(c) The purpose of compulsory vaccination for schoolchildren was to protect both the children themselves and others in the community against smallpox. Smallpox was indeed a dreadful disease, but it has now been eliminated from the word's population. So children should not be vaccinated against it.
(d) The function of a sealer on wood siding is to retard deterioration caused by weather. However, cedar is a wood that is naturally resistant to weather-related damage and thus does not need additional protection. Sealers, therefore, should not be applied to cedar siding.
(e) Traffic patterns that involve one-way streets are meant to accelerate the flow of traffic in otherwise congested areas. However, it would be detrimental to the South Main Street area to have traffic move faster. So traffic pattern involving one-way streets should not be implemented there.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by u0422811 on 20 Mar 2012, 10:11, edited 1 time in total.
If you have any questions
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 14:58
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+1 B

Argument:
Skating in the park is dangerous ---- Skating in the streets is more dangerous ---> Its ok to skate in the parks (skate in the park is less harmfull than skate in the streets)

Option B:
Aphids damage tomato crops ---- Insecticides kills wasps that prey on insecticide-resistant pests that damage tomatoes crops (even more than aphids do) ----> dont use insecticides (aphids are less harmfull than insecticides)
Manager
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2012, 21:12
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I will give the OA once I get some answers as well as some logic behind why people chose what they chose.

Thanks!
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 16:38
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Expert's post
Hi, let me see if I can take this apart

First I just wanted to say that this sort of parallel reasoning, common on the LSAT, is not found on the GMAT. Good to keep in mind lest you worry too much about a question such as this one.

That said, let's dissect the argument

Something (the ordinance) has a purpose (to protect skateboarding children). Because it does not do so (kids will end up skateboarding in the streets), this something should not be implemented (measure should not be passed).

Something (one-way streets) has a purpose (to make traffic flow faster). Because it does not do so (traffic will not flow faster if South Main Street had one-way streets), this something should not be implemented (one-way streets should not be used on South Main Street).

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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 23:59
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ChrisLele wrote:
Hi, let me see if I can take this apart

First I just wanted to say that this sort of parallel reasoning, common on the LSAT, is not found on the GMAT. Good to keep in mind lest you worry too much about a question such as this one.

That said, let's dissect the argument

Something (the ordinance) has a purpose (to protect skateboarding children). Because it does not do so (kids will end up skateboarding in the streets), this something should not be implemented (measure should not be passed).

Something (one-way streets) has a purpose (to make traffic flow faster). Because it does not do so (traffic will not flow faster if South Main Street had one-way streets), this something should not be implemented (one-way streets should not be used on South Main Street).

Can you explain why its not B??

It seems to follow a similar reasoning

Ordinances are for safety --> Park unsafe --> But roads even more unsafe --> no ordinances on park
Insecticides to protect crops --> Aphids destroy crops --> Resistant insects destroy more --> No insecticides
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2012, 21:39
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IMO B

The argument provides a reason for not banning a known danger, which is to prevent a heavier danger (skating in the streets).

In option B the use of insecticide generates more damage from the insecticide resistant insects that now are being killed by the wasps, than from the aphids (less damage), therefore we are preventing a heavier damage by not using the insecticide.

Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have ordinances restricting where skateboarding can be done would be to protect children from danger. Skateboarding in the town's River Park is undoubtedly dangerous, but we should not pass an ordinance prohibiting it. If children cannot skateboard in the park, they will most certainly skateboard in the streets. And skateboarding in the streets is more dangerous that skateboarding in the park.

(b) Insecticides are designed to protect crops against insect damage. Aphids damage tomato crops, but using insecticides against aphids kills wasps that prey on insecticide-resistant pests. Since aphids damage tomato crops less than the insecticide-resistant pests do, insecticides should not be used against aphids on tomato crops.

This sort of questions take me around 3 minutes to solve. Please provide any hints to improve timing on solving them.

Cheers
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2012, 01:06
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I initially went for option E but later choose option B. Reason for eliminating option E was option E talks about removing congestion in general but it doesnt talk about present conditions on "Main Street" hence prefered to go with option B (lesser of 2 evils)
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 01:33
IMO A,
Reasoning in A is similar to the argument's reasoning.
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 10:42
I'll go with E..OA and OE plz
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 19:49
Could you explain me why is A wrong??
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2012, 21:56
Can someone explain why B is wrong?

I didnt choose it over E
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2012, 10:11
boomtangboy wrote:
Can someone explain why B is wrong?

I didnt choose it over E

You are actually correct in that the OA is B. Care to explain your reasoning?
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2012, 11:53
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2012, 12:36
Expert says E is the answer .. But OA says B is the ans.. Can anybody tell me which is the correct answer?
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2012, 03:57
Bull78 wrote:
IMO B

The argument provides a reason for not banning a known danger, which is to prevent a heavier danger (skating in the streets).

In option B the use of insecticide generates more damage from the insecticide resistant insects that now are being killed by the wasps, than from the aphids (less damage), therefore we are preventing a heavier damage by not using the insecticide.

Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have ordinances restricting where skateboarding can be done would be to protect children from danger. Skateboarding in the town's River Park is undoubtedly dangerous, but we should not pass an ordinance prohibiting it. If children cannot skateboard in the park, they will most certainly skateboard in the streets. And skateboarding in the streets is more dangerous that skateboarding in the park.

(b) Insecticides are designed to protect crops against insect damage. Aphids damage tomato crops, but using insecticides against aphids kills wasps that prey on insecticide-resistant pests. Since aphids damage tomato crops less than the insecticide-resistant pests do, insecticides should not be used against aphids on tomato crops.

This sort of questions take me around 3 minutes to solve. Please provide any hints to improve timing on solving them.

Cheers

All i will say is that B is teh Clear winner in E the market interest is not the aim of traffic! so it can't be the answer

And regarding E, is question ne lele ki Lelee.
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2012, 19:30
educated guess in three min led me to option b
it was more pf a poe rather than guess
like chances of misusing the skateboard and hence increased chances of accidents
and a most matched scenario
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Re: Town Councilor Pattern of Reasoning [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2012, 06:04
ChrisLele wrote:
Hi, let me see if I can take this apart

First I just wanted to say that this sort of parallel reasoning, common on the LSAT, is not found on the GMAT. Good to keep in mind lest you worry too much about a question such as this one.

That said, let's dissect the argument

Something (the ordinance) has a purpose (to protect skateboarding children). Because it does not do so (kids will end up skateboarding in the streets), this something should not be implemented (measure should not be passed).

Something (one-way streets) has a purpose (to make traffic flow faster). Because it does not do so (traffic will not flow faster if South Main Street had one-way streets), this something should not be implemented (one-way streets should not be used on South Main Street).

Is E your final answer? Or you want to have another go at this one?
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2013, 20:43

I chose B:
The structure of the stimulus:
1 sentence: Background information
2 sentence: Premise
3 + 4 sentence: Conclusion (Comparison between 2 things)

Only answer B give a clear comparison between 2 things and made a conclusion based on the merits of the 2 things compared. Since, we are asked to find an analogy to the stimulus; hence answer B.
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2015, 17:56
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Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2015, 03:15
Can someone please explain why not A ??
Re: Town Councilor: The only reason for the town to have   [#permalink] 30 Nov 2015, 03:15
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