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# Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record

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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2013, 05:33
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lucbesson wrote:
zz0vlb wrote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
B. It is closing up to one-forth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales.
C. It was closing up to one fouth of its stores because of poor sales.
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-forth of its stores
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-forth of its stores will be closed.

For me, it is ok because It & Its refer to TWEC, while which clearly modify Stores.

THX!

Hi lucbesson,

B is not a sentence:

Trans world Entertainment Corporation (subject), which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced it is closing up to one-forth of its stores (modifier of the company), which accounted for its poor sales (modifier of stores).

You have something like subject, modifier, modifier => there is no main verb, hence B is not a complete sentence
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 16:52
lucbesson:

B) has the modifier issue. ",which accounted for its poor sales"

", which accounted for its poor sales" - Has to refer back to the previous modifier. In this case it can refer the the announcement..... or which owns..... or TWE corp.

hth

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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 18:12
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lucbesson,

B is wrong because of the mixing tenses..

Quote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains,announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

B. It is closing up to one-forth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales.

If you trace the verb tense of the highlighted words/phrase, it is past -> present continuous -> past - which is not good for GMAT. Also the B option doesn't show the casual relationship clearly as is shown in C

This question scares me since I thought A is right since they will match to it's closest precedent stores.. Also in OG questions pronoun ambiguity is the last and sometimes OK.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 19:35
Zarrolou,

On the topic of whether a sentence has a clause or has right connectors. Doesn't the OA (C) result in a run-on sentence?

Here is the sentence with OA included -

Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains, announced it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales.

I've marked subject as highlight and underline and verb as highlight.

Thanks
NT2010
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 04:42
nt2010 wrote:
Zarrolou,

On the topic of whether a sentence has a clause or has right connectors. Doesn't the OA (C) result in a run-on sentence?

Here is the sentence with OA included -

Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains, announced it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales.

I've marked subject as highlight and underline and verb as highlight.

Thanks
NT2010

Hi nt,

that is not a run-on sentence. A run on is defined as follow:
is a sentence made of 2 IC connected by a comma only.

Marc goes to Paris, Paul goes to Milan <== run on
Marc goes to Paris, AND Paul goes to Milan <== fine
If you connect the ICs with a FANBOYS the sentence becomes correct, or either you can place a ";" between those two.

This example does not present such construct: The company announced that it will do something <== correct, even if the subject is repeated ( the company and it).

Hope is clear
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 10:29
sam15000 wrote:
If answer is C, I feel there should be a that before It was closing up to one fouth of its stores because of poor sales.

Here 'that' is used as a connector so it can be omitted. What I mean by connector can be clarified by the following examples:

I have a radio that does not function properly.
I have a radio (that) I want to sell.

In the first sentence, 'that' is the subject of the relative pronoun clause so it cannot be omitted. In the second sentence, 'that' is not the subject of the subordinate clause (the subject is 'I' ) so it functions more as a connector and can be omitted.

This is something I picked up on the forum from one of the experts. I believe it was e-gmat. I will post the link to the article when I find it.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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02 Jun 2014, 14:23
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zz0vlb wrote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed

kassim wrote:
Dear Mr. Mike,

Dear Kassim,
I'm happy to respond. Like many official questions, this is a very good question, very well-written.

Let's look at the answers one at a time.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
The only answer beginning with "that." Normally, in the formalism of the GMAT, "that" is always used after cognitive verbs, but this is not a strict rule. The structure "since sales ... are poor" sounds awkward. The "they" is an ambiguous pronoun --- what is being closed? All the stores? Only a 1/4 of them? The pronoun is unclear. This answer cannot be correct.

B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
The "is" violates sequence of tenses. See here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/sequence-o ... orrection/
Also, the antecedent of "which" is unclear --- again, all the stores? only 1/4 of the stores? This one cannot be correct.

C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
Clear, and no obvious errors. A promising candidate.

D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
The opening infinitive is unidiomatic: we announce that P is Q; we don't announce P to be Q. The phrase "on account of poor sales" is needlessly wordy. This cannot be correct.

E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed
The gerund at the beginning is a complete disaster. The "will be" also violates the sequence of tenses rule. This one cannot be correct.

The only possible answer is (C).
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2014, 08:20
zz0vlb wrote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed meaning changed, it is to close down the shops as a result of poor sales
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales'which' modifies shop, resulting in change in meaning
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores 'that' should be followed by a clause, but there is no ssubject and verb in the phrase following 'that'; 'to be closing' is not a verb
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed awkward

Edit: corrected spelling & punctuation

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed meaning changed, it is to close down the shops as a result of poor sales
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales'which' modifies shop, resulting in change in meaning
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores 'that' should be followed by a clause, but there is no ssubject and verb in the phrase following 'that'; 'to be closing' is not a verb
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed awkward

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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2014, 12:00
mikemcgarry wrote:
zz0vlb wrote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed

kassim wrote:
Dear Mr. Mike,

Dear Kassim,
I'm happy to respond. Like many official questions, this is a very good question, very well-written.

Let's look at the answers one at a time.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
The only answer beginning with "that." Normally, in the formalism of the GMAT, "that" is always used after cognitive verbs, but this is not a strict rule. The structure "since sales ... are poor" sounds awkward. The "they" is an ambiguous pronoun --- what is being closed? All the stores? Only a 1/4 of them? The pronoun is unclear. This answer cannot be correct.

B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
The "is" violates sequence of tenses. See here:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/sequence-o ... orrection/
Also, the antecedent of "which" is unclear --- again, all the stores? only 1/4 of the stores? This one cannot be correct.

C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
Clear, and no obvious errors. A promising candidate.

D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
The opening infinitive is unidiomatic: we announce that P is Q; we don't announce P to be Q. The phrase "on account of poor sales" is needlessly wordy. This cannot be correct.

E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed
The gerund at the beginning is a complete disaster. The "will be" also violates the sequence of tenses rule. This one cannot be correct.

The only possible answer is (C).

Hi Mike,

Thank you for the wonderful explanation as always.
However i want to ask whether C distorts a meaning of the initial sentence even though subtly.

The initial sentence suggests that since sales of up to 1/4th of the stores are poor , those stores will be shut down.
This is what i thought when i was initially going through the answer choices.

Option C suggests that up to 1/4th of the stores are being closed because of poor sales but it is general about which stores are these.

Can you please suggest me if where i was incorrect in my analysis of the choices.

Regards
Akhil
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2014, 14:16
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akhil911 wrote:
Hi Mike,

Thank you for the wonderful explanation as always.
However i want to ask whether C distorts a meaning of the initial sentence even though subtly.

The initial sentence suggests that since sales of up to 1/4th of the stores are poor , those stores will be shut down.
This is what i thought when i was initially going through the answer choices.

Option C suggests that up to 1/4th of the stores are being closed because of poor sales but it is general about which stores are these.

Can you please suggest me if where i was incorrect in my analysis of the choices.

Regards
Akhil

scofield1521 wrote:
I rejected option C seeing because of!!
Can someone please tell me its correct usage!!

I'm happy to help.

First of all, akhil911, it's important not to be literalist, almost fundamentalist, about meaning. Choice (A) says they will close the stores with poor sales. Choice (C) says, they will close some stores, because of poor sales --- well, obviously, which stores are they going to close? The ones with the poor sales! If some aspect of the sentence goes from an explicit statement to an undeniable inference that is not stated, that constitutes absolutely no change in meaning. The skill of recognizing a perfectly valid inference is most pertinent on GMAT CR & RC, but this is an instance in which the skill is also very important in GMAT SC. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-criti ... inference/
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/inference- ... rehension/

And scofield1521, there is absolutely nothing wrong with "because of" --- it is a perfectly valid compound preposition. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom ... positions/
Sometimes folks get confused between "because" (subordinate conjunction) and "because of" (preposition). See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-idiom ... ecause-of/
You may find these GMAT idiom flashcards very helpful:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2015, 21:31
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Hi Sarai
Can you please suggest how A is wrong.

I'm happy to explain why (A) is wrong. Here's the prompt:

Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

The phrasing is weak and wordy and lily-livered, but the BIG problem is the pronoun ambiguity. The antecedent of "they" is terribly unclear. Is TWEC going to close all of these retail stores, the entire chain, or is it going to close only the 1/4 that are performing poorly? We can guess, but we cannot give a definitive answer to this question from the prompt. That kind of ambiguity is always wrong on the GMAT.

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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20 May 2016, 05:16
zz0vlb wrote:
Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed

Edit: corrected spelling & punctuation

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed. 'They' refers to what? Also, IMO since the sentence is in past tense 'would' must be used instead of 'will'
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales sentence is in past tense- use of 'is' is wrong
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales Correct choice
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores weird structure
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed weird structure
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2017, 02:16
SaraiGMAT wrote:
There is an issue of reported speech here. In reported speech, what someone said is taken one tense back because it is a relative clause. For example:

Let's say that some says, "I am happy."

Reported speech: She said (in the past) that she was happy.

Every once in a while it seems that the GMAT is not perfectly vigilant about using "that," although 99% of the time "that" is required to create the defining/limiting relative clause.

Thus, C is best.

TIP from GMAX: There is some preference for "because" over other cause-result words! Check out the Small Details lesson in SC at gmaxonline.

If this helped, kindly give Kudos.

the reported speech can be in any tense regardless of tense of main clause, depending on meaning. the following is correct
they said that the earth orbit around the sun

the idea in that-clause is a timeless fact. so, the above sentence is correct. but if the action in that-clause is an action which happen at a time, the tense of this clause depend on the tense of main clause. depending on meaning, the sequence of tense maybe hard.

am i correct?
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2017, 15:13
victory47 wrote:
the reported speech can be in any tense regardless of tense of main clause, depending on meaning. the following is correct
they said that the earth orbit around the sun

the idea in that-clause is a timeless fact. so, the above sentence is correct. but if the action in that-clause is an action which happen at a time, the tense of this clause depend on the tense of main clause. depending on meaning, the sequence of tense maybe hard.

am i correct?

Dear victory47,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I don't know whether I would call that clause "timeless fact."
Clause = since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor
That's certainly not a "happen at one moment" fact. It's a condition that is true over a period of time, but that's quite different from a timeless fact--the laws of physics and principles of mathematics are timeless facts, but not a business condition that could fluctuate with a change in the market. Thus, we don't know, in our current time frame, whether this condition in the sentence is still true.

Even if the fact discussed is clearly a timeless fact still true today, if we are reporting a time when it was spoken by a past speaker, we would have to follow the rules of sequence of tenses:
Version #1: The ancient Greeks at Alexandria figured out that the Earth revolved around the Sun.
Version #2: The ancient Greeks at Alexandria figured out that the Earth revolves around the Sun.
Technically, only version #1 is correct according to the sequence of tenses rule. Version #2 would be quite common in American colloquial English. I have never seen the GMAT testing this sort of difference, so I wouldn't worry about this distinction for the GMAT. But, if being well-spoken is important to you, I would suggest that you integrate the sequence of tense rules.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2017, 06:38
Hello,

Shouldn't we have "announced that" here? I believe answer should be C only when we have that also in place. Please suggest!!

Thanks
abhimahna
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Re: Trans world Entertainment Corporation, which owns the record [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2017, 01:02
Agreed, sam15000, that's what a real GMAT sentence would do.
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Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record [#permalink]

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03 Mar 2017, 06:04
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Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains, announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed

This topic is back in the reckoning after about a decade, jumping from 2007 to 2017, but still eluding the exact rationale for rejecting A and B.

1. As per the tenet of logic, there is no ambiguity as far as the reference of 'they ' is concerned. it does refer to the stores, since one cannot close sales, in the given context. Closing sales means clinching the deal in business parlance. What does 'its' refer to? We must appreciate that Record Town and Saturday Matinee is a brand and not a corporate. Therefore, 'its' does undoubtedly refer to the TWE.
2. The actual reason why A is incorrect is that, in reported speech, when the main clause is in past tense, one has to report the relative clause also in the same vein. 'They would be closed" is the correct diction.
3. In B also the pronouns "it" and 'its' consistently refer to the owning company the TWE. However, omitting the relative clause - connector 'that' is a constructional error in addition to the shift of tense from past to present. The pronoun' which' refers to the one -fourth of the company's stores and these one- fourth number of stores are said to be performing poorly at the market. It may not logically refer to the stores, then it will mean that all the outlets fared poorly; but it is not the intent herein.
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Re: Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 01:07
Shouldn't 'announced that' a correct form? I am not sure how C is the correct form. Please help.
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Re: Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 08:36
abhimahna wrote:
Shouldn't 'announced that' a correct form? I am not sure how C is the correct form. Please help.

Yes, ideally there should be "that" after "announce". However. since this is a GMATprep question, we can see that GMAT allows use of such verbs without "that" as well.

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Re: Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2017, 00:22
singh_amit19 wrote:
Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record Town and Saturday Matinee retail chains, announced that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.

A. that since sales of up to one-fourth of its stores are poor, they will be closed.
B. it is closing up to one-fourth of its stores, which accounted for its poor sales
C. it was closing up to one fourth of its stores because of poor sales.
D. to be closing, on account of poor sales, up to one-fourth of its stores.
E. having poor sales, such that up to one-fourth of its stores will be closed.

A is wrong for many reasons as explained by so mnay people...however to make C more appropriate, should announced be not followed by "that"....why is it that "THAT" has been omitted in C and still making it a better choice??

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 149

Re: Trans World Entertainment Corporation, which owns the Record   [#permalink] 21 Mar 2017, 00:22

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