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# Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical

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Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 19:15
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Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical expenses by preventing strokes and heart disease. Yet any money so saved amounts to only one-fourth of the expenditures required to treat the hypertensive population. Therefore, there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension.

Which of the following, if true, is most damaging to the conclusion above?

A) The many fatal stroke and heart attacks resulting from untreated hypertension cause insignificant medical expenditures but large economic losses of other sorts.

B) The cost, per patient, of preventive treatment for hypertension would remain constant even if such treatment were instituted on a large scale.

C) In matters of health care, economic considerations should ideally not be dominant.

D) Effective prevention presupposes early diagnosis, and programs to ensure early diagnosis are costly.

E) The net savings in medical resources achieved by some preventive health measures are smaller than the net losses attributable to certain other measures of this kind.

OA to follow.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 19:22
A

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 19:33
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RyanDe680 wrote:
Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical expenses by preventing strokes and heart disease. Yet any money so saved amounts to only one-fourth of the expenditures required to treat the hypertensive population. Therefore, there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension.

Which of the following, if true, is most damaging to the conclusion above?

A) The many fatal stroke and heart attacks resulting from untreated hypertension cause insignificant medical expenditures but large economic losses of other sorts.

B) The cost, per patient, of preventive treatment for hypertension would remain constant even if such treatment were instituted on a large scale.

C) In matters of health care, economic considerations should ideally not be dominant.

D) Effective prevention presupposes early diagnosis, and programs to ensure early diagnosis are costly.

E) The net savings in medical resources achieved by some preventive health measures are smaller than the net losses attributable to certain other measures of this kind.

OA to follow.

I really like the way Gmac make reasoning! It is really close to life!

Certain medical expense: 1000 USD
By use treament to prevent strokes and heart deaseas, you saved 1/4 that expense, it means: 1/4*1000 =200 USD

You had 200 USD saved to keep in your pockets, but you still claimed that NO ECONOMIC JUSTIFICAITON FOR THAT TREATMENT. Really funny! Do you think so? In the daily life, the author may say: should not take that the treament.

How to attack this conclusion! If you do not take that treatment, you will loss even more than the expense required of that treatment due to strokes and heart disease.

A
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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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09 May 2008, 20:47
A
RyanDe680 wrote:
Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical expenses by preventing strokes and heart disease. <-- premise 1

Yet any money so saved amounts to only one-fourth of the expenditures required to treat the hypertensive population. <-- premise 2

Therefore, there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension. <-- conclusion

Which of the following, if true, is most damaging to the conclusion above? <-- weaken the conclusion

A) The many fatal stroke and heart attacks resulting from untreated hypertension cause insignificant medical expenditures but large economic losses of other sorts. <-- BINGO

B) The cost, per patient, of preventive treatment for hypertension would remain constant even if such treatment were instituted on a large scale.

C) In matters of health care, economic considerations should ideally not be dominant.

D) Effective prevention presupposes early diagnosis, and programs to ensure early diagnosis are costly.

E) The net savings in medical resources achieved by some preventive health measures are smaller than the net losses attributable to certain other measures of this kind.

OA to follow.

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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10 May 2008, 07:15
RyanDe680 wrote:
Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical expenses by preventing strokes and heart disease. Yet any money so saved amounts to only one-fourth of the expenditures required to treat the hypertensive population. Therefore, there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension.

Which of the following, if true, is most damaging to the conclusion above?

A) The many fatal stroke and heart attacks resulting from untreated hypertension cause insignificant medical expenditures but large economic losses of other sorts.

B) The cost, per patient, of preventive treatment for hypertension would remain constant even if such treatment were instituted on a large scale.

C) In matters of health care, economic considerations should ideally not be dominant.

D) Effective prevention presupposes early diagnosis, and programs to ensure early diagnosis are costly.

E) The net savings in medical resources achieved by some preventive health measures are smaller than the net losses attributable to certain other measures of this kind.

OA to follow.

A...

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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11 May 2008, 01:04
A. "Large economic losses of other sorts" weakens the conclusion that "there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension".
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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2011, 06:05
Yahsek wrote:
A. "Large economic losses of other sorts" weakens the conclusion that "there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension".

Hi can you tell me how this line 'Large economic losses of other sorts' weaken the stated conclusion

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2014, 06:36
Only A and D looks good for me.

D is lack of information so i went with A

Experts please advise if i am right.

Rrsnathan

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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 10:23
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Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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28 May 2016, 06:29
Idea here is to weaken the conclusion that there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension. Choice A tells though medical expenditures are insignificant, many fatal strokes and heart attacks cause other severe economic losses. Hence preventive treatment for hypertension is economically justified.
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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2017, 22:37
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Conclusion :- "there is no economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension".
Weaken :- "there is economic justification for preventive treatment for hypertension"

So its structure is the following:
- treating hypertension postpones other medical costs because it prevents heart disease
- the money saved by treating hypertension is only 1/4 of the money needed to treat the hypertensive population
- conclusion: there is no economic reason behind treating hypertension

So to my understanding, you save some money by preventing heart disease and strokes, but the amount you save is not big enough to cover the expenses for everyone suffering from hypertension. You have a classical case of costs and benefits and net effect:
- costs: treatment of hyperension
- benefits: money saved because of the preventive treatment of hypertension
- net effect: benefits - costs --- the argument says it's not big enough to justify treating hypertension. We are looking for options that contradict this, i.e. either make benefits higher or costs lower

A is the best answer choice here because there are indeed economic losses if you do not treat hypertension. A says that untreated hypertension ---> fatal heart disease & strokes ---> economic losses not related to the medical field. So there is economic justification for treating hypertension.

B somehow supports the argument, since it contends that economies of scale would not occur should a program be instituted for the treatment of hypertension. This is actually a statement that tells us that the costs would remain the same. We are interested in a statement that says that costs will either be reduced or benefits will be increased (so that the net effect would be higher).

C is irrelevant to the argument since the argument explicitly mentions economic justifications and we should be concerned with that. I know it's the more "humane" option, but you need to put your feelings aside for the moment!

D is another option that concerns costs, specifically it mentions their increase. Again, this is contrary to what we're looking for.

E says that benefits of preventive measures < costs of preventive measures. This has a negative impact on the net effect, so E actually strengthens the argument.
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Re: Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2017, 22:37
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# Treatment for hypertension forestalls certain medical

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