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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of

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Manager  S
Joined: 20 Apr 2019
Posts: 115
Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   25% (medium)

Question Stats: 70% (02:39) correct 30% (02:52) wrong based on 37 sessions

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Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of the circle and angle BAC is 45°. If the area of triangle ABC is 72 square units, how much larger is the area of the circle than the area of triangle ABC?

A. $$72\pi - 72$$
B. $$72\pi - 36$$
C. $$72\pi - 18$$
D. $$72\pi - 1$$
E. $$72\pi$$

How do I know that base = height in this triangle? Why can the diameter not be the base of the triangle?
Intern  B
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 3
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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1
Since the given triangle is a right angled triangle (Triangle inscribed in a circle such that one of its sides is the diameter of the circle is a right angled triangle), the sides would be in the ratio of 1:1:root2.

Given area of the triangle is 72.
I.e. 1/2*base*height = 72
Let base=height=x
Hence base=height=12.

And the length of side AC is 12 root 2.

Area of circle = pi r^2
. =Pi* (12 root 2)^2
. =72 pi

Area of circle - area of triangle
72 pi - 72

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Manager  S
Joined: 20 Apr 2019
Posts: 115
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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Sahithi15 wrote:
Since the given triangle is a right angled triangle (Triangle inscribed in a circle such that one of its sides is the diameter of the circle is a right angled triangle), the sides would be in the ratio of 1:1:root2.

Given area of the triangle is 72.
I.e. 1/2*base*height = 72
Let base=height=x
Hence base=height=12.

And the length of side AC is 12 root 2.

Area of circle = pi r^2
. =Pi* (12 root 2)^2
. =72 pi

Area of circle - area of triangle
72 pi - 72

Posted from my mobile device

Correct!
How do we know that base = height? Why is the hypothenuse for example not the base?
Intern  B
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 3
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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Hi Luca,

Since the side opposite to 90 degrees is the hypotenuse of the triangle which in this case is the diameter of the circle, the other two legs are the base and height of the triangle.

Also, since the other two sides are at an angle of 45 degrees, it qualifies for an isosceles right angled triangle where the sides are in 1:1:root 2 ratio.

Since hypotenuse is the longer side it is root 2 and the rest are in 1:1 ratio.

Hope this helps!!

Posted from my mobile device
Intern  B
Joined: 11 Jun 2019
Posts: 17
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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Sahithi15 wrote:
Since the given triangle is a right angled triangle (Triangle inscribed in a circle such that one of its sides is the diameter of the circle is a right angled triangle), the sides would be in the ratio of 1:1:root2.

Given area of the triangle is 72.
I.e. 1/2*base*height = 72
Let base=height=x
Hence base=height=12.

And the length of side AC is 12 root 2.

Area of circle = pi r^2
. =Pi* (12 root 2)^2
. =72 pi

Area of circle - area of triangle
72 pi - 72

Posted from my mobile device

But is AC the diameter ? Therefore, shouldn't the radius be 6root2 instead of 12root2?
Intern  B
Joined: 01 May 2016
Posts: 3
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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Given area of the triangle is 72.
I.e. 1/2*base*height = 72
Let base=height=x
Base * height = 144
Hence base=height=12.

Posted from my mobile device
Manager  B
Joined: 25 Nov 2019
Posts: 50
Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of  [#permalink]

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If you take the triangle which is 45 45 90. Bisecting the triangle and stacking it you get a square. I hope this makes sense. Area = 72 or sides 6root 2 since ac is the dia ac/2 is the radius
Pi r^2 = 72pi. Now take the difference 72(pi-1)

Posted from my mobile device Re: Triangle ABC is inscribed in a circle, such that AC is a diameter of   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2019, 10:23
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