Tricky SC Series- #9 : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Tricky SC Series- #9

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Senior Manager
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Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2009, 22:10
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Hi All !

Sharing some SCs from a recent mock test (thought that u may or may not get the same q when you take the same mock and that it'd be a good practice for all... ). Please post some explanation with the answers.

Others in this series:
1. tricky-sc-series-86098.html
2. tricky-sc-series-86099.html
3. tricky-sc-series-86100.html
4. tricky-sc-series-86101.html
5. tricky-sc-series-86102.html
6. tricky-sc-series-86104.html
7. tricky-sc-series-86105.html
8. tricky-sc-series-86106.html
10. tricky-sc-series-86108.html
11. tricky-sc-series-86110.html

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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2009, 12:13
Go for A..

Known to have + past participles.
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2009, 21:35
thanks GMAT TIGER... if no other inputs, OA in a day or two
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2009, 07:53
+1 for A.
to have driven it looks the appropriate usage to me.
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2009, 19:12
I'd chosen A as well.
Unfortunately it is not the OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

Reason given is that A is unidiomatic. "to drive it" is generally preferred over "to have driven it"
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2010, 04:03
I was also with A.
Could anybody elaborate on the explanation?
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2010, 06:11
my pick is A too.

can someone explain why C is correct and why A is incorrect?
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2010, 07:30
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Americans' love affair with the Mustang is readily apparent: few Americans have been knon to have driven it for the first time without taking it out for a another spin.

A. few Americans have been known to have driven it
B. few having been known to drive it
C. few Americans have been known to drive it
D. it has been driven by few Americans
E. few Americans having driven it

Hi Guys,

This is a good opportunity to look at what the real difference between "to drive" and "to have driven" is.

to+base verb (V1) is not a verb, but (as many of you know) an infinitive. Because it is not a verb, it has no time.

to+have+V3 is the perfect infinitive. This is a structure that indicates the past in an infinitive.

So...

Joe is known to be a good student = We know (in the present) that Joe is a good student (in the present).

Joe is known to have been a good student = We know (in the present) that Joe was a good student (in the past).

So let's look at the answer choices one by one:

A. few Americans have been known to have driven it

"To have driven" indicates that Americans drove the Mustang in the past. But the sentences is talking about a present-day phenomenon.

B. few having been known to drive it

Error in Ellipses! "Few" indicates "few Americans," but the word "Americans" appears nowhere in the sentence! At the beginning of the sentence, we get Americans' -- the possessive, not the noun!

C. few Americans have been known to drive it

"To drive" correctly indicates "to drive (in the present)."

D. it has been driven by few Americans
"...driven by Americans" is passive voice-- as long as the doer is present, active voice should be used.

E. few Americans having driven it

We have lost the intended meaning. The sentences wanted to indicate what is "known".

(More on comparisons in SC Lesson 6 and on ellipses in Lesson 9 at gmaxonline!)

Best,
Sarai
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Email me at saraiyaseen@gmail.com

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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2010, 11:23
The explanation is still not clear to me...
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9 [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2014, 17:36
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Re: Tricky SC Series- #9   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2014, 17:36
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# Tricky SC Series- #9

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