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# Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest

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Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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12 May 2012, 05:27
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Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce tequila by pollinating agave plants

A. pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce
B. pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce
C pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and they indirectly help to produce
D they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help producing
E they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; indirectly helping the producing of
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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12 May 2012, 08:43
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This is pertaining to the use of semi-colon to separate lists, and the maintenance of symmetrical present participle parallelism – aiding, pollinating and helping. These two functions are neatly done in B
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Last edited by daagh on 19 Feb 2015, 19:24, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosys [#permalink]

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12 May 2012, 10:48
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This is a new usage of semi-colon validated in OG13. Checkout http://www.beatthegmat.com/pollination- ... tml#468947
A minor use of the semicolon is to separate items that themselves contain commas
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2013, 11:09
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This SC has puzzled me... I thought that semicolon can be used ONLY if both the clauses before and after the semicolon are independent, that means that they MUST have a subject and a verb. Here "pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees" has neither the subject (which is conveyed in the first clause) nor the verb (that should be pollinate) so how can it supports semicolon?!
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosys [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2013, 11:41
vikram4689 wrote:
This is a new usage of semi-colon validated in OG13. Checkout http://www.beatthegmat.com/pollination- ... tml#468947
A minor use of the semicolon is to separate items that themselves contain commas

Thanks for sharing this valuable information. I was also unaware of that. Kudos to you!

Regards,

Abhijit
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosys [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2013, 00:55
vikram4689 wrote:
This is a new usage of semi-colon validated in OG13. Checkout http://www.beatthegmat.com/pollination- ... tml#468947
A minor use of the semicolon is to separate items that themselves contain commas

Thanks for posting this valuable info.
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2014, 19:17
Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce tequila by pollinating agave plants

A. pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help produce
B. pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce...imo correct ans... all clauses are parallel....
C pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and they indirectly help to produce
D they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help producing
E they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; indirectly helping the producing of
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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29 Jan 2015, 02:04
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Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 01:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2016, 09:10
Quote:
I have attempted a dictionary of the English language, which, while it was employed in the cultivation of every species of literature, has itself been hitherto neglected; suffered to spread, under the direction of chance, into wild exuberance; resigned to the tyranny of time and fashion; and exposed to the corruptions of ignorance, and caprices of innovation. --- Dr Samuel Johnson

Johnson, Samuel. "Preface." A Dictionary of the English Language: A Digital Edition of the 1755 Classic by Samuel Johnson. Written in the 18th century.

The practice of resorting to semicolon as the punctuation to separate phrases has been adopted from as early as the 18th century.
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 11:29
In the 2016 OG explanations - options D & E are NOT ruled out for the construction "they pollinate banana, breadfruit... etc.".

OG explanation says that (E) "maintains parallelism throughout" (but that the construction "helping the producing" is incorrect).

How does (E) maintain parallelism throughout?
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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17 May 2016, 21:32
Here, I looked at construction of list one, and attempted to do the same in list 2, and list 3. An easy way to do this is read the third list without the first two, and reconstruct how it should work. B is the only one that makes logical sense
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2016, 23:52
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2016, 14:20
I feel like both B and D are correct. I will appreciate if someone could provide the explanation as why Choice (D) is wrong. We know that semicolon is used either in lists or in connecting independent but related clauses.

Choice B no doubt follows the list rule as well as parallelism. But IMO, choice D also does the same. Please see below

Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest ecosystem, aiding in the dispersal of cashew, date, and fig seeds; --This is one independent Clause.

they pollinate banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly help producing ---- This choice also follows list rule as well Parallelism. Pollinate working verb is parallel to Help working verb. In addition to this, list rules is also justified - pollinate {x,y,and z}; and help {x).

Please advise if my understanding is wrong here and appreciate the reasoning behind it.

Thanks
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2016, 08:27
Hi ankurarora,
the first item of this list starts with "aiding",hence,we need all other items in v-ing form.
Moreover,this list is to explain the how tropical bats are important in this specific ecosystem

hope this help
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2017, 08:06
B. pollinating banana, breadfruit, and mango trees; and indirectly helping to produce - CORRECT only option with parallel structure "aiding", "pollinating" and "helping"
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Re: Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2017, 08:06
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# Tropical bats play important roles in the rain forest

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