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# Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods

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Manager
Joined: 03 May 2017
Posts: 115
Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2017, 18:59
1
KUDOS
leia23 wrote:
Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods when the Darfir Republic's currency,
the pundra, was weak: its value was unusually low relative to the world's most stable currencies. Both times a
weak pundra made Darfir's manufactured products a bargain on world markets, and Darfir's exports were up
substantially. Now some politicians are saying that, in order to cause another similarly sized increase in
exports, the government should allow the pundra to become weak again.

Which of the following, if true, provides the government with the strongest grounds to doubt that the politicians'
recommendation, if followed, will achieve its aim?

A. Several of the politicians now recommending that the pundra be allowed to become weak made that same
recommendation before each of the last two periods of currency weakness.
B. After several decades of operating well below peak capacity, Darfir's manufacturing sector is now operating at
near-peak levels.
C. The economy of a country experiencing a rise in exports will become healthier only if the country's currency is
strong or the rise in exports is significant.
D. Those countries whose manufactured products compete with Darfir's on the world market all currently have
stable currencies.
E. A sharp improvement in the efficiency of Darfir's manufacturing plants would make Darfir's products a bargain
on world markets even without any weakening of the pundra relative to other currencies.

Hi,

The key to this question is superlatives, i.e the two currency weakenings have already increased exports substantially and option B said manufacturing is at near peak level, therefore weakening the currency again is likely to have diminishing returns and this definitely weakens the politicians' proposal. Most of the other options are out of scope.

Best
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2017, 08:18
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 20:19
I am now really pissed off, it takes me 15 second to identify the question type, and check whether there is negative words, such as but, except, not,...I do not still take the question stem into account.
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2017, 20:24
E is a classical trap, to weaken an argument, ones should never take an option containing an alternative plan or solution, but choose an option containing an alternative cause in the argument.
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2017, 08:17
2005 and 2012 Pundra was weak, exports were high substantially ------------------2017 politician are saying to make Pundra weak again to level up exports
as per B) -> Manufacturing plants are at near peak levels => lets suppose max they can make 100 and they are producing 98 or say 99 => rise of 2 products wont be that substantial as was in 2005 and 2012
=> B is winner.
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2017, 13:36
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods when Darfir Republic's currency, the pundra, was weak: its value was unusually low relative to the world's most stable currencies. Both times a weak pundra made Darfir's manufactured products a bargain on the world markets, and Darfir's exports were up substantially. Now some politicians are saying that, in order to cause another similarly sized increase in exports, the government should allow the pundra to become weak again.

Which of the following if true provides the government with the strongest grounds to doubt the politican's recommendation, if followed, will achieve its aim?
a) Several of the politicians no recommending that the pundra be allowed to become weak made that same recommendation before each of the last two periods of currency weakness.
b) After several decades of operating well below its peak capcity, darfir's manufacturing sector is now operating at near-peak levels
c) the economy of a country experiencing a rise in exports will become healthier only if the country's currency is strong or the rise in exports is significant.
d) those countries whose manufactured products compete with darfir's on the world market currently all have stable currencies
e) a sharp improvement in the efficiency of darfir's manufacturing plants would make darfir's products a bargain on the world markets even without weakening of the pundra relative to other currencies.

Can someone explain???

It is a 'weaken the plan' question.

What is the plan?
Plan: When currency weakens, exports increase. (Foreigners can buy more using same amount of their currencies so they buy more.) Therefore, in order to cause another similarly sized increase in exports, the government should allow the pundra to become weak again.

Focus on the highlighted words. The aim is to cause a similarly sized increase in exports. That is what the plan is trying to achieve. On weaken questions, we focus on the conclusion. What the plan is trying to achieve is parallel to conclusion. So we focus on trying to weaken what the plan is trying to achieve. We need to find something that tells us why we will not get a similarly sized increase in exports even if we weaken pundra.

Options a, c, d and e do not talk about the reasons we will not see similarly sized increase in exports.
Option B tells us that darfir's manufacturing sector is now operating at near-peak levels. If this is true, exports cannot increase much because darfir cannot manufacture more than it is manufacturing now. If there are no extra products manufactured, there cannot be extra exports. In previous instances, darfir was manufacturing below capacity so they could manufacture extra products. Hence the plan worked in those instances but this time it may not. Therefore, option (B) is correct.

Hi VeritasPrepKarishma,

I understand that the plan as stated in the argument was to weaken the pundra in order to increase exports. B says that even though you weaken the currency, you may still not achieve an increase in exports. However, how do we identify this is exactly what is to be weakened ? How I saw it initially was that the argument is stating that an increase in exports will be achieved by weakening the pundra. So, we find some other alternate thing that could increase the exports (other than the currency weakening), we can probably weaken our conclusion. E provides an alternate reason ?

Can you shed some light on this and explain how do you exactly understand here that is what is to be weakened ?
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 15:26
Poorvasha

Quote:
I understand that the plan as stated in the argument was to weaken the pundra in order to increase exports. B says that even though you weaken the currency, you may still not achieve an increase in exports. However, how do we identify this is exactly what is to be weakened ?

Focus on the goal of the plan,which is we need to cause similar sized exports in future as in past.

Quote:
How I saw it initially was that the argument is stating that an increase in exports will be achieved by weakening the pundra. So, we find some other alternate thing that could increase the exports (other than the currency weakening), we can probably weaken our conclusion. E provides an alternate reason ?

I think subtle difference you missed is that goal of the plan is about future, as indicated by SHOULD.
Whenever a cause and effect relationship takes place in past, alternate cause is correct weakener.
We know here that there was an unique cause that led to effect.

But when a causal effect is shown in present tense / future, will alternate cause be the correct weakener. Think about it.

No, since we do not know if the said cause was the only one that lead to the effect, Right?

You might help below explanation helpful too:

X will lead to Y (X: Weak pundra, Y: similarly sized increase in exports) So, this argument is talking about a future case that X will lead to Y. Remember, in this argument, Y has not occurred in the past and the argument is not trying to explain the reasons for
its occurrence. The argument is making a futuristic statement that X will lead to Y.
The option statement for this argument says that:
A sharp improvement in the efficiency of Darfir's manufacturing plants would make Darfir's product a bargain on world markets even without any weakening of the pundra relative to other currencies
The statement presents an alternate route, Z, to reach the same end Y ( Z: A sharp improvement in the efficiency of Darfir's manufacturing plants, Y: similar sized increase in exports). Here again, just
the presence of one more way to reach the end does not weaken the argument that X will lead to Y.
The argument does not say that only X will lead to Y. If there are other ways to reach Y, it does not
impact the argument.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Twelve years ago and again five years ago, there were extended periods   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 15:26

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