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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2011, 07:38
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66% (02:01) correct 34% (01:20) wrong based on 313 sessions

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

[Reveal] Spoiler:
This example is previously posted but I don;t understand why E is correct. Explain why <are> is used for <one of the many new satellites>
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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10 Feb 2011, 09:24
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@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’
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Last edited by daagh on 11 Feb 2011, 18:04, edited 1 time in total.
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10 Feb 2011, 09:37
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A,B and C are straight away out because of subject-verb disagreement. 'That' refers to satellites and D and E properly uses plural verb 'are' instead of 'is'.

15-Year effort is simple and concise than 'effort for 15 years'. Also in D 'that' wrongly refers to 15 Years. Hence E is the right answer.

Hope this helps. Thank You.
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11 Feb 2011, 04:57
Nice Q . thanks Daag for detailed explanation.
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11 Feb 2011, 09:33
Thank you, very good explanations.
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15 Nov 2013, 19:34
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?
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16 Nov 2013, 01:03
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mohnish104 wrote:
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?

Hello mohnish

Interesting question You say Earth's ocean when you want to refer to the continuous body of salt water that covers 72 percent of the Earth's surface. If you say Earth's oceans, you imply the number of divisions of the ocean, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic oceans. This question, however, just wants to imply the interaction, in general, of Earth's ocean - body of salt water to detailed scrutiny from space. It does not matter which division is.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2013, 06:14
effect to do
is correct idiom'

effect that has done
is not idiom

this is a hard and fast rule. and dont discuss more of meaning for a grammartical problem.
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27 Nov 2013, 11:13
pqhai wrote:
Hello mohnish

Interesting question You say Earth's ocean when you want to refer to the continuous body of salt water that covers 72 percent of the Earth's surface. If you say Earth's oceans, you imply the number of divisions of the ocean, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic oceans. This question, however, just wants to imply the interaction, in general, of Earth's ocean - body of salt water to detailed scrutiny from space. It does not matter which division is.

Hope it helps.

Yes, but this is indeed rather strange. Mohnish's point is quite valid. Quite difficult to digest "Earth's ocean". Also, all other answer choices use "oceans". Wondering if this is a typo on the official question, though chances are less.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2013, 07:14
in the phrase " effort for 15 years that has..." , "that" can jump to refer to "effort" . there are many og problems, in which this farness happen.

and the matter here is that "effort that has..." is not idiomatic.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 16:00
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 23:17
daagh wrote:
lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

Hi daagh,

In my pre-thinking step before looking at the answer choices, I though the verb should be has been/have been(Present perfect form) since the satellites or AM1 are/is a part of the continuous 15-year effort. But I am surprised to see the answer choices in present tense. Can you please let me know what I am missing?

Thanks,
Alok322.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 09:15
why is B wrong? Satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

since the clause "which is a part of ... refers to a singular object, it could refer to the AM-1.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2016, 08:29
hyoeun87 wrote:
why is B wrong? Satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

since the clause "which is a part of ... refers to a singular object, it could refer to the AM-1.

Which usually refers to the noun in front of it, in this case satellites. Which cannot refer to nouns far away unless there is no ambiguity. Going by this rule, the option B has SV error.
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2016, 08:29
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