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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the m [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 07:47
twilight wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces


Imo E

A that refers to satellites a plural noun therefore verb has to be plural also of subjecting is a wrong idiom.
B again SVA also there is a shift in meaning.
C of subjecting is a wrong idiom
D that refers to 15 years therefore it is wrong
E correct .
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2017, 08:08
This question tests our knowledge on the usage of correct idiom effort to rather than effort of and correct adjectival term 15-year rather than 15 years.

The correct answer is E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2017, 08:07
I'll go with E
A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
Subject Verb Agreement Error. When we have "that" following "one of the plural" then the plural form of verb is used. Therefore "is" is wrong
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
Same as A
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
Modifier Error. Satellites are not part of effort.
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
15 years has not subjected the interactions
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the m [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 18:30
twilight wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces


twilight isn't this more of Subject Verb Agreement?

Anyways

E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 02 Oct 2017, 11:23
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D :(

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 18:46
A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

- Need to be plural
Note: in some GMAT cases, (ex: X of Y that) "that" can ignore Y and jump to X. So, the only way to tell the difference is by understanding the meaning of the sentence.

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

- "which" is ambiguous here. AM-1 or Satellites?

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting

-looks like absolute phrase in the first part but "interacting" + infinitive looks troublesome.

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces

- need to be plural
- that refers to 15 years which doesn't make sense in the sentence.

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

-Correct. Subject X to Y.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 13:30
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
- "is" should be "are" b/c of plural "satellites". also "15 years of effort" is awkward/wordy.

B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
- ", which" incorrectly refers to satellites, which ends up changing the meaning of the argument. also, same as "A" ("is" should be "are")

C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
- same as "A" ("15 years of effort" = awkward/wordy).

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
- "part of an effort for 15 years" is wordy/awkward...should be written as "part of a 15-year effort". also, "has subjected" should be "to subject" to be // to "to detailed"

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces
- correct as is

pretty straightforward here.
> SV theme big ("is" for "are")
> Modifier issue...pay attention to ", which"
> satellites THAT = preferred
> general awkwardness/wordiness in some A/C (easy to spot when you compare them to each other)


Kudos please if you find this helpful :)
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 06 Oct 2017, 17:36
chunjuwu wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces


look at d.
"that are part of an effort for 15 years " has incorrect tense. "are' , simple present is used to show a timeless fact or a condition which, we thought, exist indefinitely.
"for 15 year" is a time indicator which can not be used with simple present. something existing for a definite time/ period must go with other tense other than simple present. it should be present perfect or simple past here depending on if the period still prolong untill present or finished in the past point of time.

tense is a little hard but basic. you can review tenses in grammar book and practice realize its meanings in text you read to master them.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 10:03
Can we have an expert opinion on this one please.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 11:05
Drishti Bathija wrote:
Why not B?


Even if you don't spot the other errors, you can rule out B based on the first three words. Certain times it helps to simplify/break down the prompt. Especially if you are the kind who goes by the ear more than by textbook grammar (although the latter is preferable)

Simplified: ....the AM-1 is one of many new satellites that are observing earth... - doesn't that sound better than '....the AM-1 is one of many new satellites that is observing earth...'?

Once you read the prompt and glance (not read) through the answer options, you will realize immediately that the makers are trying to test you on whether it is going to be an 'is' or an 'are'.

Hope that helps.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 12:12
hellosanthosh2k2 wrote:
I was struck between D and E.

But chose D :(

In E, to subject - infinitive form did n't sound right to me.

Need expert's input.

Thanks




Hello hellosanthosh2k2,

I am not sure if you still have this doubt or not, but here is the explanation anyways. :-)


Choice D has a very prominent error. The noun modifier that modifies the preceding entity 15 years. This modification is absolutely non-sensical because 15 years has not subjected anyone to anything.


Now let's talk about Choice E. There is no issue with the usage of to subject in this choice.

The sentence intends to say that some satellites are part of a 15-year effort. What is the purpose of this effort? The purpose is to subject or bring the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

Hence, use of to subject to present the purpose of an action is absolutely correct.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 12:26
Drishti Bathija wrote:
Why not B?




Hello drishti Bathija,


I will be glad to help you with this one. :-)


Choice B has a couple of errors.

i. Use of singular verb is after which suggests that the noun modifier which modifies one of the many new satellites. This modification does not make sense because the AM-1 is not the only satellite involved in the said effort. It is just one of the satellites.

Hence, we need the noun modifier to modify the many new satellites as all these satellites are part of the effort.

ii. The correct expression is to subject A to B. Use of how after to subject in this choice is incorrect.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2017, 12:30
kartzcool wrote:
Can we have an expert opinion on this one please.



Hello kartzcool,

Do you have any specific doubt related to this official question that I can help with you?

Please let me know of the same.

Thanks. :-)
Shraddha
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 01:27
I am very confused about an issue here, and hope someone can help.
(A) the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that "is"
(D) the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that "are"

I feel "is" and "are" are both possible options here, and don't know if GMAT has a rule: "that" must modify the words right in front of it.

By checking other test points, I do can sort out the answer. However, this singular and plural issue really bothers me...
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2018, 03:54
Hi,
Please explain why E is the answer and in what case shall we use a singular verb
Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is   [#permalink] 14 Jan 2018, 03:54

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