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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 01:29
i agree. that refers to satellites but what's your thoughts on B?

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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2011, 07:38
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

[Reveal] Spoiler:
This example is previously posted but I don;t understand why E is correct. Explain why <are> is used for <one of the many new satellites>

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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2011, 09:24
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@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’
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Last edited by daagh on 11 Feb 2011, 18:04, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2011, 09:37
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A,B and C are straight away out because of subject-verb disagreement. 'That' refers to satellites and D and E properly uses plural verb 'are' instead of 'is'.

15-Year effort is simple and concise than 'effort for 15 years'. Also in D 'that' wrongly refers to 15 Years. Hence E is the right answer.

Hope this helps. Thank You.

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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 04:57
Nice Q . thanks Daag for detailed explanation.
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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2011, 09:33
Thank you, very good explanations.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2012, 23:21
I thought if you use one then the verb must be singular.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 01:13
OA is E and it is E. one of plural takes plural verb

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 01:21
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This is the general rule:
One of the 'Noun' (will always be plural) + that/who + Plural Verb
e.g. This is one of the questions that are incorrect
vs
One of the 'Noun‘ (will always be plural) + Singular Verb
e.g. One of the chairs is broken

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2012, 02:22
main question is to what "that" refers?
is it referring to AM-1 or satellites?

I think it is referring to satellites, because all the satellites are part of effort and not just AM-1, so that eliminates A and B.
C makes " part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earthâ€™s atmosphere .. " modifying whole main clause , so this is not correct.

this left us with D & E.

in D -> "that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions" -> second "that" refers to effort ??, so does it means effort has subjected the interactions? I find this option as wordy and ambiguous.

in E -> " that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions" -> clear meaning compare to D.

So, for me its E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2012, 23:43
Clearly E
satellites should be followed by are not is

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2012, 01:34
Can anyone told me why D is wrong?

OA should be E

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2012, 06:20
Answer must be E.D is wrong because it makes the meaning of the sentence illogical by stating that it is the 15 years that has subjected the interaction of the earths atmosphere.
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2012, 14:33
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land
surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans,
and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land
surfaces

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28 Sep 2012, 23:28
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The pith is whether the main verb is singular or plural; we may now see the emphasis and the utility of the definite article- the -in the context. The article –the- after the preposition-of- indicates that the clause is trying to focus on those many satellites rather than the singular AM-1. The restrictive pronoun that is also handy to heighten this focus and eventfully lead to the plural verb - are. – . In other words, all the satellites are part of the project and not just the AM-1 alone.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces ---- verb is singular; wrong. Years of subjecting is unidiomatic

B. satellites,which are a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact ---' to subject how' changes the meaning; wrong
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting ------ 15 years should be marked with an apostrophe to mark possession; wrong.

D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces – 15 years that has subjected is wrong reference of that

E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactionsof Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces --- Correct

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2013, 11:08
the portion" part of ....." is describing the AM-I. If this part is used with "which" then it becomes non-essential modifier which changes the meaning. So that is necessary to retain the meaning
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2013, 14:39
It is E.

one of the SOMETHING that

it depends on what the "that" refers to.

In this case "that" refers to "many satellites".
AM-1 is not the only one that examine things.

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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2013, 19:34
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?

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Re: sentence correction [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2013, 01:03
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mohnish104 wrote:
daagh wrote:
@Lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun
that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

I have a question D mentions oceans, the question too mentions oceans but E mentions 'ocean'. The earth doesn't have jus one ocean just as it doesn't have one land surface. Am I missing something here?

Hello mohnish

Interesting question You say Earth's ocean when you want to refer to the continuous body of salt water that covers 72 percent of the Earth's surface. If you say Earth's oceans, you imply the number of divisions of the ocean, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic oceans. This question, however, just wants to imply the interaction, in general, of Earth's ocean - body of salt water to detailed scrutiny from space. It does not matter which division is.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2013, 06:14
effect to do
is correct idiom'

effect that has done
is not idiom

this is a hard and fast rule. and dont discuss more of meaning for a grammartical problem.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2013, 06:14

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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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