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# Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 22:17
daagh wrote:
lola: Should you really rush to reveal the answers? It takes the entire charm away. Your doubts will any way be cleared wholesomely. You have to be just patient. There are so many others who have lot of things to learn from such wonderful questions.

First of all a small note on the style of using a hyphenated adjective such as ‘a 15 – year effort’. It is never correct to say - 'a 15 - years effort' or 'a 15 years effort'. It has to be always 'a 15- year effort' (note the singular use). Other examples are - he is a six-foot tall man; two-mile long road etc., etc.

By this token alone, I will remove A and C, notwithstanding other errors in these two choices.

Relative pronouns such as ‘that’ and ‘which’ can not flout 'the touch - rule' and refer to something far distant. In the context, ‘that’ has necessarily to refer to 'satellites' and hence the corresponding verb has to be the plural ‘are’.So B is also out. The choice is now between D and E.

D suffers from two errors. The essence of the effort is to carry out a purpose, which is best expressed by using an infinitive ‘to subject’, rather than by the present perfect’ has subjected’. In addition, what does the pronoun ‘that’ refer to? As such, it refers to 15 years and is erroneous. It should refer to the “effort.’

Hi daagh,

In my pre-thinking step before looking at the answer choices, I though the verb should be has been/have been(Present perfect form) since the satellites or AM1 are/is a part of the continuous 15-year effort. But I am surprised to see the answer choices in present tense. Can you please let me know what I am missing?

Thanks,
Alok322.
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Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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08 May 2016, 22:34
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chunjuwu wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

The problem with this sentence is the meaning. The original sentence is just a train wreck and also has subject-verb agreement issue.(Satellites-is)

Now for subject verb and wrong modifier issues we can eliminate from a to c.

Coming to D - once again the meaning is the issue. As per the that modifier here - sentence states that effort has subjected the interaction but the effort did not do any action it just studied the actions.
So E clears the meaning by giving us the infinitive of purpose. E states that the purpose of the effort is to study/subject the interactions.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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18 May 2016, 04:13
chunjuwu wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

Hi Egmat,

Can you tell me what's wrong with C and what is this structure in C 'part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting' Is this an independent clause where 'part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces' is the subject and are interacting is the verb?

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2016, 06:31
A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

we are talking about satellites -- so we should use PLURAL
eliminate A & B -- using singular

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2016, 02:12
Guys

Between D & E is there any distinction between ."an effort for" and "effort to"?

I need to understand if this can be the criteria for making the correct selection.

Thanks

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2016, 08:37
souvik101990 wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth’s atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

'that' refers to 'satellites', which is plural. Hence 'are' is required. A, B and C are out.

From D and E.

'effort for 15 years' has different meaning from '15-year effort'

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 09:13
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2016, 04:23
There are many satellites for the purpose states in the underlined segment of the sentence. AM-1 is one of these sentences.

While, generally, each, one of the many, every one sends an alert about retaining singular verb forms, it is also important to understand the sentence. In the sentence provided, the underlines statement is not about AM-1 but about the many satellites. Hence, "are" fits in rather than "is".

This helps eliminate the options A,B and C.

Option D casts doubt about what has subjected interactions - the effort that is 15 year long or the satellites.

Hence, E
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 06:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 08:15
why is B wrong? Satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

since the clause "which is a part of ... refers to a singular object, it could refer to the AM-1.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2016, 07:29
hyoeun87 wrote:
why is B wrong? Satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact

since the clause "which is a part of ... refers to a singular object, it could refer to the AM-1.

Which usually refers to the noun in front of it, in this case satellites. Which cannot refer to nouns far away unless there is no ambiguity. Going by this rule, the option B has SV error.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2017, 09:58
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - that is incorrect as that refers to satellites . 15 years effort is incorrect .
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact - which is incorrect as which refers to satellites
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting - 15 years effort is incorrect
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - infinitive is needed to show purpose . Illogical pronoun usage - that
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces - Correct

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2017, 09:17
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

Issue: Modifier | S/V Agreement | Verb form

Analysis:
1. The sentence talks about "AM-1" which is part of many new satellites.
2. "that" following "satellites" is an essential modifier for the satellites. Hence, we need to make sure that the verb in the modifier agrees with the plural "satellites"
3. Also, we need to careful about the meaning conveyed by the clause in each of the options that switches between verb form for "subject". Since, the sentence is talking about a 15 year long effort, the appropriate form to use here would be "infinitive"

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2017, 07:11
chunjuwu wrote:
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

I want to add something to choice D.

if "for 15 year " can modify "effort" and "that has ..." modifie "effort", this modification is not logic because "effort " can not "subject". using our common sense of this world, we realize this illogic modification.

but one way to help us realize this illogic modification is the idiom "effort to do". this is idiom.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2017, 05:14
whenever we see the word (one of the+noun) then it always follows the plural verb so A,B and c are out left with D&E , now d is unidiomatic (effort to not effort for )

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2017, 07:08
(E) is right, because in (B) "which is" refers to AM-1, whereas sentence is talking about all satellites of a 15-year report. Hence, should be plural

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 22:48
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces

Answer E. One of the satellites.
so now the confusion comes with that are or is. Here many satellites are part of the 15-year effort.

1. That are - because many satellites are in the effort
1. One of the satellites. So E goes right for me.

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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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29 Jun 2017, 03:18
Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the many new satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces to detailed scrutiny from space.

A. satellites that is a part of 15 years effort of subjecting the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - "is" does not work with plural subject "satellites"
B. satellites, which is a part of a 15-year effort to subject how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces interact - "is" does not work with plural subject "satellites"
C. satellites, part of 15 years effort of subjecting how Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces are interacting - no verb for "satellites", therefore the sentence is a fragment
D. satellites that are part of an effort for 15 years that has subjected the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, oceans, and land surfaces - "that has subjected ..." complete mess
E. satellites that are part of a 15-year effort to subject the interactions of Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and land surfaces - CORRECT .. "are" clearly refers to plural "satellites" and the meaning is as clear as crystal
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2017, 21:22
E is correct - The statement is clear and precise to the meaning.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the m [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2017, 03:49
Answer choice 'E' is correct: The relative pronoun that refers to satellites, so it should be followed by a plural verb. The idiomatic expression is effort to rather than effort of. The correct adjectival term is 15-year rather than 15 years.
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Re: Twenty-two feet long and 10 feet in diameter, the AM-1 is one of the m   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2017, 03:49

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