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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal

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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 02:35
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Question Stats:

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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal together at a well-known gourmet restaurant. It is clear that the food at the restaurant must have been the reason for their illness.

A major flaw in the argument above is that


A. the data provided is not completely accurate
B. a causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time
C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics
D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause
E. the information given is in the form of a personal account



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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 02:53
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Ans :- B. becuase the reason behind getting sick can also be due to eating something else , becuase it is mentioned that after few days they got sick, so in those few days maybe they have eaten something else and have got sick due to it.
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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 03:23
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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal together at a well-known gourmet restaurant. It is clear that the food at the restaurant must have been the reason for their illness.

A major flaw in the argument above is that

A. the data provided is not completely accurate(we can't judge whether it's accurate or not, no constraint is given.) (Incorrect)

B. A causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time (They must have fall sick eventually after having food, if food was the cause of sickness not a few days later, Creating benefit of doubt in favor of food) (Correct)

C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics(No specific characteristics is mentioned or stated, can't judge) (Incorrect)

D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause (They fell I'll after a few days not before) (Illogical)

E. the information given is in the form of a personal account (No specific person is mentioned, two foreigners are been generalized we don't know what's the cause of illness, or they have any other problem) (Insufficient)

IMO B
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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 03:38
A. Incorrect as a premise must always be regarded as true (or accurate), this answer choice cannot be correct.
B. Correct as the author confused closeness in time with a cause-and-effect relationship.
C. Incorrect as there is no problem with basing the conclusion on a single case, because the conclusion relates to that specific case only and does not draw any generalizations.
D. Incorrect as this answer choice incorrectly claims that the effect (sickness) occured first, but that is not the case - the dinner preceded the sickness, so this part, at least, is logical.
E. Incorrect as it cannot be referred to as a personal account since this term implies a subjective point of view.

Hence, OA is (B).
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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 04:20
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IMO B

Option A - no constraint given ( X )

Option B - this could explain a flaw because they would have gotten sick immediately after having food at the restaurant not after some days ( ✔️ )

Option C - incorrect ( X )

Option D - nope this is definitely not the one. ( x )

Option E - insufficient ( X )

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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 20:01
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IMO B,

A. the data provided is not completely accurate
We cant be sure about the data and we cant judge the same. Hence eliminated.

B. a causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time
Exactly the flaw in the reasoning. Hence correct answer.

C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics
There were no characteristics mentioned. Hence eliminated

D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause
We cant say "falling sick" is an effect due to "food". Hence eliminated.

E. the information given is in the form of a personal account
Apart from the author, no one is mentioned in the passage. Hence eliminated
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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2020, 20:55
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Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal together at a well-known gourmet restaurant. It is clear that the food at the restaurant must have been the reason for their illness.

Stimulus: The statement states that 2 foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal in the restaurant. Therefore the food must be responsible for their illness.

B happened after A so A is a cause.


A major flaw in the argument above is that


A. the data provided is not completely accurate Irrelevant
B. a causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time Correct answer
C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics Not stated in stimulus
D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause this is the statement but does not provide the flaw
E. the information given is in the form of a personal account irrelevant
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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2020, 00:09
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A major flaw in the argument above is that


A. the data provided is not completely accurate - Nothing mentioned about any data. Also, all the premises are always considered to be true. Incorrect.

B. a causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time - Correct. The conclusion banks on this assumption. This is the flaw.

C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics - Conclusion is formed yes but not based on precise details. Incorrect.

D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause - The effect doesn't precede the cause. Incorrect.

E. the information given is in the form of a personal account - Nothing of this sort is mentioned. Incorrect.

Hence, the answer is Option (B).
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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2020, 01:48

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal together at a well-known gourmet restaurant. It is clear that the food at the restaurant must have been the reason for their illness.

A major flaw in the argument above is that



A. the data provided is not completely accurate

Incorrect.

This is an Argument Flaw question. You are required to locate the inherent flaw in the argument's conclusion or its underlying assumption. In this argument, sentences 1 is a premise, citing a fact. Sentence 2 is the conclusion, as it begins with the conclusion phrase It is clear:

    Premise A: two diplomats ate a meal together at a restaurant
    +
    Premise B: both were sick a few days later

    Conclusion: the restaurant's food caused their sickness

The first sentence in the argument is a premise. Because a premise must always be regarded as true (or accurate), this answer choice cannot be correct.



B. a causal relationship has been assumed for events that simply followed one another in time

The diplomats ate, and then were sick. Besides the fact that one event happened after another, the argument does not really present any information that can prove that it was the restaurant's food that caused the illness. The author confused closeness in time with a cause-and-effect relationship.


C. a conclusion is formed based on a case with very specific characteristics

Incorrect.

This is an Argument Flaw question. You are required to locate the inherent flaw in the argument's conclusion or its underlying assumption. In this argument, sentences 1 is a premise, citing a fact. Sentence 2 is the conclusion, as it begins with the conclusion phrase It is clear:

    Premise A: two diplomats ate a meal together at a restaurant
    +
    Premise B: both were sick a few days later

    Conclusion: the restaurant's food caused their sickness

In this case, there is no problem with basing the conclusion on a single case, because the conclusion relates to that specific case only and does not draw any generalizations (such as "the food in that restaurant will always get you sick").



D. it presents a cause-and-effect relationship, in which the effect precedes the cause

Incorrect.

In the case presented by the argument, the dinner is the cause and the sickness is the effect. This answer choice incorrectly claims that the effect (sickness) occured first, but that is not the case - the dinner preceded the sickness, so this part, at least, is logical.



E. the information given is in the form of a personal account

Incorrect.

The information is the argument's premise. A premise is factual and objective data. Therefore, it cannot be referred to as a personal account since this term implies a subjective point of view.

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Re: Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal   [#permalink] 17 Jul 2020, 01:48

Two foreign diplomats fell sick a few days after they had eaten a meal

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