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# United Energy recently invested in a series of large

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United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 03:43
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Question Stats:

60% (02:55) correct 40% (02:09) wrong based on 523 sessions

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United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
solution:
The argument concludes that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with reaching its financial goals. However, this conclusion must be distinguished from the assertion of the environmentalists described in the question - that the actions taken by United Energy indicate that the company is putting environmental concerns ahead of financial returns. The answer choices may consider either the author's conclusion (which is considered the overall conclusion) or the conclusion asserted by the environmentalists (which is considered the opposing opinion).

This is an Analyze the Argument Structure question. The best approach is to consider each boldface in turn.

(A) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals; the second does not call the conclusion into question as much as state its opposite.

(B) The first boldface does not state the conclusion of the argument; the second boldface does not support the conclusion of the main argument, which is that United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.

(C) CORRECT. The first boldface supports the environmentalists’ conclusion that United Energy is acting in a manner that places environmental impact ahead of financial returns. The second boldface states this conclusion.

(D) The first boldface is a relationship that does support the environmentalists' conclusion; however, the second states this conclusion, and does not undermine it.

(E) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion, which is that United Energy may be acting in its financial interest; the second boldface also does not support this conclusion.
[Reveal] Spoiler: Doubt
I am confused can anyone how to solve bold face cr questions
can bold face questions have 2 conclusions:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: How to solve bold face CR questions ? [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 08:52
yuvrajpratap,

How can we help you if you do not bold the sentences?
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Re: How to solve bold face CR questions ? [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 09:06
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Hey Yuvraj,

try e-gmat.com free CR preview. It has a section on Bold Face and 10 practice problems. See if it helps.
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Re: CR- United Energy foregoing drilling [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2011, 07:33
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Obviously, there are two sides of opinion in this question. One side (enviromntalist's) is that enviromental issues are more important for the company than financial one. This is the conclusion which enviromentalists make from the fact that the company does not drill oil wells (and this is exactly the second boldfaced statement). And this conclusion is based on the premises that the company could extract high profits from the project, which is provided in the first boldfaced statement. Another side (expert's) is that the company does not drill not because of environment issues but because of real financial issues which is connected with forecasts about negative profitability of such projects in the long-term. And this conclusion is really the conclusion of the argument.

So, the right answer is (C)

Perhaps you could use the strategy of "elimination" which is provided in Manhattan GMAT Prep. We find that the first boldface stuff is premises and the second stuff is concusion.
(B) and (D) tells that the first statement is a conclusion, so we eliminate them.
(A) and (E) tell that the second boldface stuff is the "premise" which supports the conclusion or calls it into question, so they are also wrong.
So, the only right answer is (C)

Finally, I could say that there are rather a lot of questions with two opposite side of view in "Determine the role of Boldface" type of questions. Frequently this sides fugurate as conclusions. So you should drill solving these questions.
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Re: CR- United Energy foregoing drilling [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2011, 09:46
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2012, 20:56
C it is.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 00:24
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2015, 00:16
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2015, 14:16
yuvrajpratap wrote:
United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

C for me too.

the conclusion is: UE may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
the conclusion of the environmentalist is: UE places environmental impact over financial returns.

first one is a fact, and can be used as a premise for the conclusion of the environmentalist.

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
no, the first one does not support the conclusion of the argument. furthermore, the second does not call the conclusion into question; it is an intermediate conclusion.

(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
no, the first one is a fact, it is not a conclusion. the second one is an intermediate conclusion, and it does not support the main conclusion.

(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
looks good.

(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
the functions should be vice versa. let's see why:
UE envir>\$, therefore greater revenues could be generated from oil wells. doesn't make sense.
now, let's try the correct way: greater revenues could be generated from oil wells. since UE uses windmills, UE established that it places EI over fin. returns. - now this looks better.

(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.
no, the first is a general fact, and it does not support the conclusion. the second as well does not support the conclusion.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2016, 03:39
The first is a fact (evidence) that supports the second claim (conclusion).
Choice C is correct.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 15:20
Hi Yuvraj/ Whoever is preparing for GMAT now,

As mentioned in one of the posts earlier, I am big big fan of the @egmat's strategy for bold face questions. Even though you may not get more than 2 bold face questions on the test but just having one more CR type question under you control adds a lot to the confidence. I had a similar problem with bold face questions but i THINK i am much much better now.

To summarise, the strategy asks you to do two things:

1. Tag each statement ( including bold faces) of the argument as the possible options: conclusion / belief / evidence/ explanation/ pattern etc.
2. CLEARLY understand the meaning of each of these options.

I generally dont use the notepad to solve CR questions but I ensure that write down the what i mentioned above while solving BF questions before I proceed to the options. This will help you a LOT in not getting confused.

I hope this helps. Let me know if you need any other information, I will be more than happy to help All the best !

Regards,
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2016, 15:23
Hi Yuvraj/ Whoever is preparing for GMAT now,

As mentioned in one of the posts earlier, I am big big fan of the @egmat's strategy for bold face questions. Even though you may not get more than 2 bold face questions on the test but just having one more CR type question under your control adds a lot to the confidence. I had a similar problem with bold face questions but i THINK i am much much better now.
To summarise, the strategy asks you to do two things:

1. Tag each statement ( including bold faces) of the argument as one of the following possible options: conclusion / belief / evidence/ explanation/ pattern etc.
2. CLEARLY understand the meaning of each of these options.

I generally dont use the notepad to solve CR questions but I ensure that write down the what i mentioned above while solving BF questions before I proceed to the options. This will help you a LOT in not getting confused.

I hope this helps. Let me know if you need any other information, I will be more than happy to help All the best !

Regards,
Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large   [#permalink] 26 Jul 2016, 15:23
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