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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co

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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 00:50
Analysis: Management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computers to FMP's. This move is believed to reduce maintenance cost significantly. FMP's have simpler, more reliable processers and their span is longer compared to new model of existing technology. If there is some other problem with FMP's such as high initial investment cost which would offset the long term cost benefits, there would be no point in swtching.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. -Incorrect. This is already stated in the argument. Even if the span of FMP's is equal to that of new models of existing technology, there can still be cost advantage
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. -Correct. If the FMP's are inefficient, then their maintenance cost will be higher, which would work against management's intentions
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. - Incorrect. We are already told about new models of existing technology. Whether manufacturers produce computers with older technology is irrelevant.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.-Incorrect. Irrelevant
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. - Incorrect, as what other banks do is irrelevant for the discussion

Correct Ans: B

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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 01:09
(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. We don`t know the fact that FMP processors will have a longer life than new models, as there is no comparison in the paragraph also.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. Again, we don`t know the energy efficiency comparison between FMP and new models.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on older technology as well. This can be contributed to the answer, but mainframe computer manufacturers have already upgraded the technology.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. This can strengthen the assessment, as if a bank will buy more mainframe servers, then they can compare the FMP and mainframe, and see that the cost is low for FMP or not.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. : This does not have to do anything with the cost assessment of a particular bank.

IMO the answer is D.

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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 01:37
Evaluate the Argument questions require the answer choice that helps figure out the validity of the argument. Answering Yes and No to the answer choice we can see how the conclusion will change. What we should evaluate is whether new computers will reduce the maintenance expenditures.

A. Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
We already know the answer to this question from the stimulus.

B. Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.

If this answer choice is answered YES, then this shows the advantage of the FMP computers.
If this answer choice answered NO, then we can see that FMP has no advantage over mainframe server. So is our answer.

C. Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
The stimulus says that they are still produced.

D. Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
We are discussing the current situation, not the future.

E. Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
This is irrelevant to our question.

IMO B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 01:58
We have to find the option which helps us to evaluate whether up gradation of the mainframe computer servers to FMPs is cost efficient or not.

A. If the FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology, then these FMPs will help to cut the maintenance cost.
If their operational span is not significantly longer , then maintenance cost will not be reduced. Keep this option

B. 'higher energy efficiency' can't tell us whether the maintenance cost will be high or low. {Irrelevant}

C. This option doesn't help us to compare maintenance cost of new models of existing technology and that of when upgraded to the newly developed flash-memory processors. {Irrelevant}

D. The the bank's management intention to purchase more mainframe servers next year is irrelevant for the evaluation.

E. We have no idea whether other banks upgraded to FPMs. Also, it doesn't give us any information about the maintenance cost. {out}

IMO A
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 02:04
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - Correct
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. - more energy efficiency is good but it is still not useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. - Incorrect - this does not help in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. - Irrelevant
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. - Irrelevant
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New post 18 Jul 2019, 02:57
B for me. A is gone on basis that we are already told in argument about longer operational span. C was also mentioned by the author. D is not concerned with maintenance expenditure. E is out of scope for this argument.
Answer - B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 03:40
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Correct. If the FMP's operational life is more, it will lead to cost savings compared to the new models since they already reduce maintenance costs.

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
Although energy efficiency is important, if the operational life of FMP is much lower than the new models, the cost would any be much higher.

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
Not relevant. The comparison is only between FMP and new models of existing technology.

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
Not relevant.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
Not relevant.

Option A.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 03:44
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

Understanding the Argument:
Bank plans to upgrade its computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology.
FMP has -simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Goal:
What information will help to assess that maintenance cost will be reduced with this new plan. ( Evaluate the argument)


(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
-Already given in the argument so Eliminate A

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
- Goal is to reduce maintenance cost, so if energy efficiency is not high it will increase the cost. And if energy efficiency is high it will reduce the cost. Thus this information will help to evaluate the plan.
So CORRECT

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
- Irrelevant information to evaluate the plan So Eliminate C

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
- Irrelevant as next years plan not being discussed. So Eliminate D

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
- Other banks information is not going to help to evaluate the plan. So Eliminate E

[b]Ans is B[/b]
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 05:05
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs.

FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
Irrelevant
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
Irrelevant
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
Irrelevant

Between B & D, option B looks more convincing.
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 05:48
(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.
correct option IMO
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.
will it prove to be significant enough
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well.
what if some other organization produces the same?
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities.
does't matter
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems.
other markets make this argument irrelevant
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New post 18 Jul 2019, 06:20
IMO D.

Premise: United Investment has decided to upgrade its servers instead of buying new ones of the older tech to decrease maintenance costs.
Need to find an argument which verifies that the costs will be reduced-

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology.[Already mentioned. Will not strengthen the argument further]
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors.[This will not be a part of maintenance costs. Moreover, consumption of energy increase will always be less than adding new servers]
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. [If it were not present, then the company wouldn't even consider the option between the older technology to the new FMP one]
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. [If it has to expand, FMP will not really be beneficial and will incur the same maintenance cost anyway. Correct option.]
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. [Irrelevant]
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United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 06:47
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology - this is correct answer because it directly compares FMP vs existing technology.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. energy efficiency might be on the same level as with existing technology therefore cannot tell if costs change, however, higher operational span is what helps to save.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. [Out of scope cause we are not interested in knowing whether old technology is still in production]
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. Without knowing how much, if purchased, new servers affect costs, and if the costs will be significant we cannot use the option. Moreover, it tells us about next year, and we don't know what period management in considering for cost saving
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. [out of score cause we are only interested in this particular bank's costs]
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 07:10
United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe computer servers to the newly developed flash-memory processors (FMPs) instead of purchasing new models of its existing technology, in order to significantly reduce its maintenance costs. FMP computers have simpler, more reliable processors, and their average operational span is substantially longer.

Which of the following would be most useful in assessing whether the bank management’s decision will reduce the company’s maintenance costs?

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. WRONG. Don't help to assess maintenance costs.
(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. RIGHT. Energy means electricity costs.
(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. WRONG. Don't help to assess maintenance costs, we know nothing about the maintenance costs of older and new tech.
(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. WRONG. Don't help to assess maintenance costs. We don't know how increasing capability influence on costs of FMP and old system.
(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. WRONG. Don't help to assess maintenance costs.

ANSWER B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 07:31
Answer :B

Only related option regarding cost to reduce is B
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 07:57
IMO the correct answer is choice B

If FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors, then FPM computers are cost effective... If they are not energy efficient then the Banks may incur additional charge !!
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jul 2019, 07:57
We need to find which option talks about an alternative proposal for higher reduction in MAINTENANCE COSTS.

(A) Whether FMP processors’ operational span is significantly longer than that of new models of existing technology. - If new models of existing technology have higher operational span (and therefore lower maintenance costs) it doesn't make sense to switch to FMP.

(B) Whether FMP computers have higher energy efficiency than that of new models of the existing processors. - energy efficiency is irrelevant

(C) Whether mainframe computer manufacturers still produce and market servers that are based on the older technology as well. - Completely irrelevant

(D) Whether the bank's management intends to purchase more mainframe servers next year, in order to expand its capabilities. - Increase in no. of systems will not help to reduce maintenance costs.

(E) Whether other banks in its market recently upgraded their computing systems. - Irrelevant
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2019, 05:51
Bunuel MartyTargetTestPrep daagh sayantanc2k GMATNinja


Experts stuck between A and B

Kindly help
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Re: United Investments’ management has decided to upgrade its mainframe co   [#permalink] 23 Jul 2019, 05:51

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