It is currently 19 Oct 2017, 17:30

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1127

Kudos [?]: 3478 [13], given: 123

Location: United States

### Show Tags

17 Apr 2013, 10:26
13
KUDOS
29
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

74% (00:34) correct 26% (00:28) wrong based on 1137 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

(A) it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are
(B) it takes the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada three to four years until it reaches adulthood, and therefore it is
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being
(D) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus
(E) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years to reach adulthood, and so they are

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Unlike frogs..........................., mountain yellow-legged frogs..............
Down to D, E.
E is correct. The right idiom is: X TAKE three or four years TO REACH.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3478 [13], given: 123

Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2010
Posts: 357

Kudos [?]: 270 [2], given: 87

Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34

### Show Tags

22 Sep 2013, 04:29
2
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Usage of "until" is wrong here.

what follows "until" is the condition when the action before "until" stops.

Eg. I will keep walking until I see a pond.

Kudos [?]: 270 [2], given: 87

Manager
Status: Persevering
Joined: 15 May 2013
Posts: 218

Kudos [?]: 99 [1], given: 34

Location: India
GMAT Date: 08-02-2013
GPA: 3.7
WE: Consulting (Consulting)

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2013, 10:39
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
E, it is.
Unlike like like should be used to compare nouns. So A,B,C are out
D take three to four years until; (usage of until- take three to four years for what)
E Idiomatically correct to reach adulthood, they clearly refers to the frogs (yellow-legged)
_________________

--It's one thing to get defeated, but another to accept it.

Kudos [?]: 99 [1], given: 34

Moderator
Joined: 01 Sep 2010
Posts: 3357

Kudos [?]: 9054 [1], given: 1154

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2013, 10:50
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
pqhai wrote:
rakeshd347 wrote:
Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

(A) it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are
(B) it takes the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada three to four years until it reaches adulthood, and therefore it is
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being
(D) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus
(E) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years to reach adulthood, and so they are

KUDOS will encourage me to post more new changeling questions.

Comparison problem.

Unlike frogs..........................., mountain yellow-legged frogs..............
Down to D, E.
E is correct. The right idiom is: X TAKE three or four years TO REACH................

I didn't see the idiom at all. Basing my decision on meaning

In D there is a suddenly shift after comma with thus doesn't have much sense. Moreover, the frogs and they in the same sentence is redundant; we already have a subject clear and straight.

In E: unlike X, Y do something or have certain characteristics , AND they are incapsulated in something I do not know whatever else who cares...........

Really nice question +1

Regards
_________________

Kudos [?]: 9054 [1], given: 1154

Manager
Joined: 10 Sep 2013
Posts: 80

Kudos [?]: 96 [1], given: 2

### Show Tags

23 Sep 2013, 10:53
1
KUDOS
Answer is E. This is of the form: Unlike X,Y. The Y (mountain yellow legged frogs) should follow immediately after the comma.
Also, the frogs (plural) take 3 - 4 years to reach is the correct form
_________________

Kudos if I helped

Kudos [?]: 96 [1], given: 2

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2010
Posts: 329

Kudos [?]: 1031 [5], given: 136

### Show Tags

02 Oct 2013, 03:02
5
KUDOS
gmatter0913 wrote:
Usage of "until" is wrong here.

what follows "until" is the condition when the action before "until" stops.

Eg. I will keep walking until I see a pond.

I would keep myself away getting into nitty gritty of the sentences, especially, when I have more sound reasoning present.

In D, what does phrase modify "restricted to deeper....." --> Modifies "Adulthood" --> Incorrect.

Moreover, sentence is trying to get into Cause Effect phenomenon. E clearly sets this in.
_________________

+1 Kudos me, Help me unlocking GMAT Club Tests

Kudos [?]: 1031 [5], given: 136

Manager
Joined: 29 Aug 2013
Posts: 77

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 24

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 590 Q41 V29
GMAT 2: 540 Q44 V20
GPA: 3.5
WE: Programming (Computer Software)

### Show Tags

02 Oct 2013, 03:34
[quote="pqhai"][quote="rakeshd347"]Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

(A) it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are
(B) it takes the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada three to four years until it reaches adulthood, and therefore it is
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being
(D) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus
(E) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years to reach adulthood, and so they are

Can anyone explain me why don't we have a pronoun ambiguity here. What does "they" represent here?
Is it the first type of frogs or yellow-legged frogs?

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 24

Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Sep 2010
Posts: 329

Kudos [?]: 1031 [2], given: 136

### Show Tags

02 Oct 2013, 04:02
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
It refers unambiguously to yello legged frogs.
Here is the rule:
Subject pronoun in one clause refers to the subject of another clause.

Example:
Petrol cars have huge maintenance, and hence they are unaccepted in poor countries.
Here they refers to petrol cars.

In the original sentence, unlike x is just a modifier.. Real sentence starts after modifier.
Let me know in case of any doubt
Regards
Imhimanshu

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 1031 [2], given: 136

Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 899

Kudos [?]: 886 [3], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)

### Show Tags

01 Jun 2014, 10:31
3
KUDOS
Boils down to (D) and we when we remember the below construction:

Unlike X,Y

X || Y

Why I rejected (D) is some other reason than given by previous posters.

It should have been

,thus are restricted...

Or

; thus an independent clause.

Both are missing. Hence , incorrect!
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 886 [3], given: 322

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10119

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

04 Sep 2015, 06:11
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10119

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

17 Sep 2016, 02:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 21 Jun 2016
Posts: 49

Kudos [?]: 10 [1], given: 116

GPA: 4
WE: Consulting (Consulting)

### Show Tags

27 Nov 2016, 02:20
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
pqhai wrote:
rakeshd347 wrote:
Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

(A) it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are
(B) it takes the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada three to four years until it reaches adulthood, and therefore it is
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being
(D) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus
(E) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years to reach adulthood, and so they are

KUDOS will encourage me to post more new changeling questions.

Comparison problem.

Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

(A) it takes three to four years for the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada to reach adulthood, and so they are --Unlike frog...it takes.. improper comparison
(B) it takes the mountain yellow-legged frog of the Sierra Nevada three to four years until it reaches adulthood, and therefore it is--Unlike frog...it takes.. improper comparison
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being--Unlike frog...in the Sierra Nevada.. improper comparison(D) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus--There is no conjunction. There is no verb after THUS.
(E) mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years to reach adulthood, and so they are--AND is used to join the independent clause which has a working verb ARE. CORRECT

Kudos [?]: 10 [1], given: 116

Intern
Joined: 08 Jan 2015
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 28

Location: India
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V33

### Show Tags

04 Dec 2016, 14:09
pqhai carcass sayantanc2k

Faced the same question in one of the GMAT prep test, but with a slight variation.

You can see the difference in the clause after the comma in Option E, any views how "with the result" is correct?

I generally found sentences/clauses starting "with" to be a bit awkward, any help please..
Attachments

Untitled.png [ 73.4 KiB | Viewed 8057 times ]

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 28

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3157

Kudos [?]: 3300 [5], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)

### Show Tags

06 Dec 2016, 04:08
5
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ankitmining wrote:
pqhai carcass sayantanc2k

Faced the same question in one of the GMAT prep test, but with a slight variation.

You can see the difference in the clause after the comma in Option E, any views how "with the result" is correct?

I generally found sentences/clauses starting "with" to be a bit awkward, any help please..

Generalising often leads to faulty concepts. Nowhere in the GMAT instructions or guides is it stated that "with" is awkward - it all depends on usage. "With" is used to indicate combination or addition. Like majority of the prepositional phrases, here the prepositional phrase "with the result..." is used as a verb modifier to modifiy "take". Taking 3 to 4 years and result happen in combination, indicated by the preposition "with".

Kudos [?]: 3300 [5], given: 22

Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 62

Schools: Anderson '20
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V33

### Show Tags

17 May 2017, 12:18
Hi Pqhai,

Can you please explain why C is wrong?

I think the subject of choice is mountain yellow-legged tree frog, which is a logical comparison with frogs.

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 62

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1024

Kudos [?]: 1583 [1], given: 400

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170

### Show Tags

17 May 2017, 15:20
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Quote:
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being

bubblehead0922, there are a few issues with (C). First, you're right that "mountain yellow-legged tree frogs" would be a perfectly good comparison, but the trouble is that the phrase "in the Sierra Nevada" is in the way. So now we've broken the "unlike X, Y" structure: "Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, in the Sierra Nevada..." That construction isn't anywhere near as clear as the construction in (D) or (E).

"Being" is also a problem. I'm not quite sure what "being" is trying to do here -- I guess it's trying to modify the frogs? And "being" can't be used as a modifier on the GMAT -- only as a noun or a verb. There's a discussion of "being" on one of the QOTD threads if you're curious for more: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-heavy-c ... 40146.html

I hope this helps!
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com | GMAT blog |food blog | Friendly warning: I'm really bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99... in any section order

"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning

Kudos [?]: 1583 [1], given: 400

Intern
Joined: 05 Jan 2017
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 62

Schools: Anderson '20
GMAT 1: 680 Q50 V33

### Show Tags

18 May 2017, 14:09
GMATNinja wrote:
Quote:
(C) in the Sierra Nevada, mountain yellow-legged tree frogs take three to four years to reach adulthood, thus being

bubblehead0922, there are a few issues with (C). First, you're right that "mountain yellow-legged tree frogs" would be a perfectly good comparison, but the trouble is that the phrase "in the Sierra Nevada" is in the way. So now we've broken the "unlike X, Y" structure: "Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, in the Sierra Nevada..." That construction isn't anywhere near as clear as the construction in (D) or (E).

"Being" is also a problem. I'm not quite sure what "being" is trying to do here -- I guess it's trying to modify the frogs? And "being" can't be used as a modifier on the GMAT -- only as a noun or a verb. There's a discussion of "being" on one of the QOTD threads if you're curious for more: https://gmatclub.com/forum/qotd-heavy-c ... 40146.html

I hope this helps!

Dear GMATNinja,

1. Can you please confirm that "Unlike X, Y" structure can never be interrupted in GMAT, as Choice C does?
2. Can "being restricted" function as a passive version of verb-ing modifier? It means the frog is restricted to deeper bodies of water,because it took 3 to 4 years to reach adulthood.
3. Do you think the change of the placement of "Sierra Nevada" alter the intended meaning of the original sentence?

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 62

Intern
Joined: 27 Oct 2016
Posts: 34

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 42

Location: India
GMAT 1: 550 Q46 V20
GMAT 2: 550 Q46 V20
GPA: 4

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 04:02
Can anyone explain why D is wrong?

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 42

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1024

Kudos [?]: 1583 [1], given: 400

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 15:02
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Quote:

1. Can you please confirm that "Unlike X, Y" structure can never be interrupted in GMAT, as Choice C does?
2. Can "being restricted" function as a passive version of verb-ing modifier? It means the frog is restricted to deeper bodies of water,because it took 3 to 4 years to reach adulthood.
3. Do you think the change of the placement of "Sierra Nevada" alter the intended meaning of the original sentence?

1. The "(un)like X, Y" structure can be interrupted, but you'd need to have a really good reason for doing so. The only case I've ever seen in a correct SC sentence would involve a noun modifier: "Unlike United Airlines, which is apparently run by buffoons, Southwest Airlines believes that passengers are actually human." That noun modifier between the two airlines doesn't hurt the clarity of the comparison at all, so you occasionally see this type of construction on the GMAT. The placement of "in the Sierra Nevada" in choice (C) definitely hurts the clarity of the comparison.

2. Passive voice is a characteristic of verb phrases -- so it doesn't make sense to talk about a modifier as "passive." And I don't think that "being" is never used as a modifier on the GMAT. (For more on passive voice, there's a brief discussion here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/active-vs-pa ... 74613.html. Also a short discussion of "being" in last Wednesday's chat transcript: https://gmatclub.com/forum/verbal-chat- ... l#p1853539.)

3. I guess it does a little bit. In (D) and (E), the frogs' location is an inherent part of how you describe the animal ("frogs of the Sierra Nevada"); in (C), it just sounds like the frogs take a few years to reach adulthood only when they happen to be in the Sierra Nevada. So (D) and (E) are a little bit better in terms of meaning, too.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com | GMAT blog |food blog | Friendly warning: I'm really bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99... in any section order

"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning

Kudos [?]: 1583 [1], given: 400

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 1024

Kudos [?]: 1583 [2], given: 400

Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: 340 Q170 V170

### Show Tags

19 May 2017, 15:06
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Quote:
Can anyone explain why D is wrong?

Here's (D) again, inserted into the sentence:

Quote:
Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-year period, the mountain yellow-legged frogs of the Sierra Nevada take three to four years until they reach adulthood, thus restricted to deeper bodies of water that do not dry up in summer or freeze solid in winter.

The problem here is that it's not clear what, exactly is restricted to deeper bodies of water -- it almost sounds like "adulthood" is the thing that's restricted, and that doesn't make sense. Much clearer to repeat the subject, as choice (E) does.
_________________

GMAT Club Verbal Expert | GMAT/GRE tutor at www.gmatninja.com | GMAT blog |food blog | Friendly warning: I'm really bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal
Reading Comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Sentence Correction

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations
All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Sentence Correction articles & resources
How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and other articles & resources
All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99... in any section order

"Next-level" GMAT pronouns | Uses of "that" on the GMAT | Parallelism and meaning

Kudos [?]: 1583 [2], given: 400

Re: Unlike frogs that metamorphose from tadpoles into adults within a one-   [#permalink] 19 May 2017, 15:06

Go to page    1   2    Next  [ 35 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by