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# Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of

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Manager
Joined: 30 May 2017
Posts: 113
Location: India
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42
Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 11:26
anurag16 wrote:
DIII

It's best option among all the answer choices. Maybe not the perfect one!! By the way best of luck for your exam ....2 days to go!!

Thank you, I know that the answer is the best among worst, but I heard that the answer is 100% correct always. So, this answer changes my approach to while questions, I have a doubt whether unlike and while are different in their function.

GMATNinja what do you think?
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 13:52
DIII wrote:
Yes, I am also confused, I feel that people are just trying to prove that the OA is correct.
Can you help us out? AjiteshArun

Hello DIII,

I would be glad to help you out with this one.

Actually, this official question is brilliantly crafted. It kind of plays a mind game with test takers.

The original sentence starts with the word Unlike. So even before reading the entire sentence we make up our mind to tally the noun following unlike with the main subject.

Needless to say that mainstream American businesses is definitely not logically parallel to the failure rate.

Now since we have started our analysis this way, and we are habitual to see very straight forward comparisons in such sentence ans since, the noun the failure rate falls in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, we in our mind conceive that the contrasting word HAS TO BE FOLLOWED by logically comparable entity such as failure rate or rate of failure, etc.

Because of this preconceived notion, it is difficult for us to accept Choice E as the correct answer because while is followed by more than half of mainstream American businesses, a noun very similar to what we saw in Choice A after unlike and hence we rejected that choice.

The thing to note here is that although while presents a contrast, it does NOT have a strict structure as we see in the case of unlike.

It is not mandatory to have the same sort of subjects in two clauses presenting contrast/comparison. Such two clauses must present logical contrast/comparison without any ambiguity. And this is exactly what Choice E does.

It does present the logical contrast in correct grammar. It clearly conveys that while more than half of business A fails, the failure rate of business B is limited.

From meaning point of view there is no issue at all.

Again, if we talk about grammatical structure, then the sentence employs the structure while X, Y in which both X and Y are clauses. So where is the issue?

At e-GMAT, we always emphasize on paying attention to the meaning more than grammar. Such questions drive the same point home with a little more emphasis.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2017, 18:57
egmat wrote:
The thing to note here is that although while presents a contrast, it does NOT have a strict structure as we see in the case of unlike.

Thanks, the answer makes sense if this is the rule, can you tell me some parallelism markers that follow "unlike" and others that are like "while".
Eg. What does "although", "whereas" etc, need.
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2017, 17:37
"more than half" in D is not complete -> D is out.
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 05:48
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail - Comparison issue - business vs rate
B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than - Comparison issue - business vs rate
half
C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail - Comparison issue - business vs rate ; usage of where is incorrect
D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half - businesses failing is not idiomatic ; it's unidiomatic to say that a RATE is "half" (or "more/less than half"). you could say that a rate is 50%, but not "half".
E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail - Correct

Answer E
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 10:52
Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail, the failure rate for businesses in the Amish community hovers around 5 percent.

A. Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of which fail -incorrect comparison
B. Unlike mainstream American businesses, in which the failure rate is more than
half -incorrect comparison
C. Unlike mainstream American businesses, where more than half of them fail -incorrect comparison
D. While the rate of mainstream American businesses failing is more than half -Not a sentence
E. While more than half of mainstream American businesses fail -Correct
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Re: Unlike mainstream American businesses, more than half of &nbs [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 10:52

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