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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud

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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Sep 2018, 09:47
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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the 70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

(A) that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
(B) that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
(C) earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
(D) earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
(E) the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his

Originally posted by pankajattri on 02 Oct 2010, 12:39.
Last edited by Bunuel on 11 Sep 2018, 09:47, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2014, 13:52
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This problem has floated through various forums with an incorrect OA. In order for A to be correct, it would need to use "those of" instead of "that of" to refer to the studies conducted for those earlier works (plural those to match with plural works).

The correct answer would be D, comparing the early works with his study.

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 04:01
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"that" when used with "of" creates a possessive pronoun that needs to refer to some characterstic of the earlier studies, rather than the studies themselves. Additionally, it would be very rare to use "that of" when referring to a plural noun - we would usually use "those of". "that of" would only be correct if we were referring to some communal characterstic that the studies had as a group.

An example of proper usage of "that of" would be:

"Unlike that of earlier studies, the genre of Blassingame's study is..."

More likely, we'd see something like:

"Unlike those of earlier studies, the table of contents of Blassingame's study...".

In the posted sentence, we're comparing the studies themselves to Blassingame's study, so "that of" is 100% incorrect.

As an aside, we can definitely compare a group to a specific person.

The following are proper comparisons:

"Unlike most other hockey players, Wayne Gretzky was more excited about getting an assist than a goal."

"Like her co-workers, Melissa enjoyed a good drink at happy hour."
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2012, 06:05
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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s "that" correctly refers to "study"
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s wrong; At least IMO the problem here comes from the possesive Blessingame's; The example answer currently compares earlier works to this study
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2014, 09:05
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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the records
of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the 70 or so
autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his (Wrong --- two type of study is compared)
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his (Wrong --- two type of study is compared)
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his (Wrong --- two type of study is compared)
B,C,E gone
2 left --- A, D
unlike x, y --- noun are compared .
hence D .
in A --- no referent for that .
hope its help . kudos appreciated .
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 02:31
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A is the correct answer as Blassingame’s study is compared to study of earlier work. "That" refers correctly to "study".

Unlike study of earlier work on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study- seems correct, no ambiguity.

D compares Blassingame’s study with earlier work and thus, makes comparison not parallel.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Nov 2016, 15:59
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anairamitch1804 wrote:
Stuck with above problem looking for some guidance how to attack above problem. Appreciate help.


"Unlike" is a comparison marker - once you see a comparison marker, try to identify the two items being compared. One side will generally be easy to identify, in this case "study". Thus you will need to find an option that compares something valid with "study". Once you realize that "works" is the valid thing to compare with "study", A, B, C and E can be directly eliminated:

A. One side (left side) of the comparison is problematic ("that" instead of "works").
B. Both sides of the comparison is problematic ("that" instead of "works" and "Blassingame" instead of "study")-
C. One side (right side) of the comparison is problematic ("Blassingame" instead of "study")-
D. Both sides alright.
E. One side (right side) of the comparison is problematic ("Blassingame" instead of "study")-
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 03:52
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MacFauz wrote:
I can find no justification for A to be the right answer. I think its D. Would nothave been very disappointed had this question appeared and I had gone with D on the exam. A is just wrong for me.

Kudos Please... If my post helped.


In any case, i think D is correctly paired than A even though I initially chose A.
Take a look at the diagram I've attached and post if you have further reservations.
Attachments

blassingame and slavery.jpg
blassingame and slavery.jpg [ 26.42 KiB | Viewed 18309 times ]


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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 03:07
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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the 70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

First thing to address : the comparison.
All illogical comparisons must be wrong, so:
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his

Between A and D.
A. Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study
D. Unlike earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study

Please note that the correct answer is D and not A.
"that" is A has no reference. I mean in the comparisons "unlike ____, ____" the next part after the comma must complete the comparison: in D you have "unlike a work, a study" <== correct
Unlike X, Y (comparison X-Y) is the correct construct; unlike THAT of x, Y(comparison THAT-Y)
in A the subject of the comparison is not the work, but is "that" which has no reference. What is that?
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 04:04
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skamal7 wrote:
That can refer to innovative study also right?


More than correct.

Unlike that=innovative study of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the 70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

makes no sense at all (unlike the study of works??)
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2016, 00:34
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pankajattri wrote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his


This is a comparision question
so we need to compare comparable things
here in above question that of earlier work is compared to Blassingame's innovative work and
this comparision is not correct
here in this question something possessed by earliear work is compared to the innovative work.
so we need to compare work to work.
and only option D compares two study correctly.

A. Incorrectthat of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s. reason why
this answer choice is wrong is stated above.
B. Incorrecthat of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his. same
comparision issue. something possessed by works on slavery is compared to human Blassingame.
C. Incorrectearlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
for the reason stated above
D. Correctearlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
both kind of works are correctly compared
E. Incorrectthe earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
same as option C.
hence D
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 02:42
I can find no justification for A to be the right answer. I think its D. Would nothave been very disappointed had this question appeared and I had gone with D on the exam. A is just wrong for me.

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2013, 03:35
That can refer to innovative study also right?
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2015, 05:28
KyleWiddison wrote:
This problem has floated through various forums with an incorrect OA. In order for A to be correct, it would need to use "those of" instead of "that of" to refer to the studies conducted for those earlier works (plural those to match with plural works).

The correct answer would be D, comparing the early works with his study.

KW


Hi Kyle,
I have a quick question on this.
I am having difficulty in understanding this. IMO, even a study can cover multiple works hence below 2 versions shall be fine.
Unlike study of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study Vs
Unlike studies of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 05:52
JarvisR wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:
This problem has floated through various forums with an incorrect OA. In order for A to be correct, it would need to use "those of" instead of "that of" to refer to the studies conducted for those earlier works (plural those to match with plural works).

The correct answer would be D, comparing the early works with his study.

KW


Hi Kyle,
I have a quick question on this.
I am having difficulty in understanding this. IMO, even a study can cover multiple works hence below 2 versions shall be fine.
Unlike study of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study Vs
Unlike studies of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study


Those examples you give are fine. We can compare a study with another singular study or a group of studies. The error in the previous was with using "that" instead of "those" when referring to "studies".

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2015, 04:17
OA is A? 'That' is ambiguous

IMO D) is the best option.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2015, 08:29
shyind wrote:
OA is A? 'That' is ambiguous

IMO D) is the best option.


Check out my earlier posts on this thread. The OA is not A - it's D. In choice A, the error with that is one of pronoun agreement. We should have the plural "those" instead of the singular "that".

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2016, 15:11
pankajattri wrote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his


OA is D

Meaning of the sentence- Blassingame's innovative study (His work) relies not on the records of white slave owners but on the records of the slaves. Whereas, earlier works were opposite to the new study; earlier works relied on the records of white slave owners rather than on the records of slaves.

Few Things to notice:-
1) New study (New work) is compared to the old works and NOT to the study of old works

Let's look at the answer choices:-

A. that (try replacing 'that' with 'study'. So, now the sentence is-Unlike study of earlier works on slavery, B's innovative study relies on... How can study of earlier works rely on something? In fact, work itself could rely on something, at least in the given sentence) of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame (B is compared with earlier study) in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame (B is compared with earlier works) in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s Most appropriate choice. Earlier works are compared with Blassingame's innovative work
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame (compared with earlier works) in his
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2016, 21:56
Quote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his


A. Illogical comparison - study of earlier works compared to B's study . Also , "that of" is singular and can't refer to some characterstic of the earlier studies
B. Illogical comparison - study with B himself
C. Illogical comparison - work with B himself
D. Correct
E. Illogical comparison - Works with B

Answer D
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2016, 00:54
hi daagh,

if option E uses Blassingame's instead of Blassingame, is E right choice. can we use 'the earlier works' in this case?
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative stud   [#permalink] 26 Sep 2016, 00:54

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