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# Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains,

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2015, 02:43
Yela wrote:
What I was confused about was the comparison between body's inflammatory response, to body's more localized response. I didn't see how these are parallel.
What confused me was the word "more", as I thought that we were comparing body's response.

Indeed we are comparing body's response. Basically the sentence is saying:

(i) body’s response to cuts and sprains is widespread
(ii) body’s response to sunburn is localized

more is just a modifier and doesn't change the basic structure of the sentence: Two noun phrases, each about body's response, are being compared.
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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 01:45
A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

1. POE by comparison
(B) and (C) are out because the body’s inflammatory response is compared to sunburn > illogical

2. in [A] and resulting is incorrect.

3. Comparing [D] and [E] . [D] wins because in [E] instead seems redundant and unneccessary and I dont like until healing

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2015, 05:55
>>>> D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results

Can anyone tell me whether the usage of the present perfect tense above (until it has healed) is correct?
I feel strange to read this part of the sentence.
Why do we need present perfect tense here?

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2016, 04:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 08:55
Hi,

That is why I eliminated E.Opted for D

mejia401 wrote:
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

First look: Adverbial modifier (logical predication), parallelism/comparision

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting "and resulting" should be either an adverbial modifier or a predicate.

B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead Here's a structurally illogical comparison between "body's inflammatory response" and "sunburn." "Which results" is an incorrect construction for an adverbial modifier (effect).

C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting Wrong - illogical comparison (same as above).

D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Correct - the predicate is converted into the subject, so "results" logically follows.

E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results Wrong - "instead" is never a conjunction.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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08 Mar 2017, 04:09
as inflammatory response is being compared with localized response.

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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2017, 00:35
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2017, 06:39
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2017, 07:40
Top Contributor
The pronoun 'it' in -it heals- has no reference. Therefore, remove A, B, and D. Between C and E, the 'instead' has no locus standi in E and therefore, C is the correct choice.
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2017, 09:15
daagh wrote:
The pronoun 'it' in -it heals- has no reference. Therefore, remove A, B, and D. Between C and E, the 'instead' has no locus standi in E and therefore, C is the correct choice.

Hello Sir,

Choice C presents illogical comparison between the body’s inflammatory response and sunburn. Then the modifier with the injured area... fails to make any logical connection with cuts and sprains. Use of healing is also incorrect in this choice.

The correct answer choice is Choice D. In this choice, the pronoun it logically refers to injured area. The choice presents logical comparison between the body’s inflammatory response and the body’s more localized response.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2017, 20:40
Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting in a distinct line dividing affected and unaffected areas of the skin.

A. with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals, the body’s response to sunburn is more localized and resulting
B. where the injured area is immobilized with widespread swelling and stiffness until it has healed, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, which results instead
C. with the injured area immobilized by means of widespread swelling and stiffness until healing, sunburn generates a more localized response in the body, one resulting
D. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until it has healed, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
E. in which widespread swelling and stiffness immobilize the injured area until healing, instead, the body’s more localized response to sunburn results
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Re: Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2017, 06:55
Imo D
This is comparison question where body's response is compared in two different situations.
Option D is correct option.
Use of with in A and C is wrong .
B is wordy ans use of which is wrong in B.
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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2017, 08:51
Hello Verbal Experts,

Could you please explain why options A and E are wrong here. I am confused why they are eliminated here.

Also, what does 'it' refer to in the correct option D?

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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains, [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2017, 07:18
SidJainGMAT wrote:
Hello Verbal Experts,

Could you please explain why options A and E are wrong here. I am confused why they are eliminated here.

Also, what does 'it' refer to in the correct option D?

A. The modifier "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals" is wrong because it is not clear which noun this modifier refers to. In general the following construction would be wrong in GMAT:
modifier 1 + modifier 2 + noun A
modifier 1 = "Unlike the body’s inflammatory response to cuts and sprains"
modifier 2 = "with widespread swelling and stiffness immobilizing the injured area until it heals"
noun A = "the body’s response to sunburn"
In this case the modifer 2 may refer to the another noun in modifier 1 ("cuts and sprains") or the noun A.
This ambiguity makes such construction wrong.

E. The word "instead" is redundant. The word "unlike" already denotes the contrast.

D. The pronoun "it" refers to "the injured area".

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Unlike the bodys inflammatory response to cuts and sprains,   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2017, 07:18

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