GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 16 Aug 2018, 10:54

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Unlike the original National Museum of Science and

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 6533
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2016, 04:46
iliavko wrote:
Is there any "which\that" rule violation here? Or is which\that irrelevant for this sentence?

Hi,
yes which/that are wrong here..
which would modify a NOUN, here it ILLOGICALLY modifies exhibit..
1)"activates" can either by result of the earlier phrase --encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit--

then it could be --- encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, thereby activating ....
OR
2) activate could be Parallel TO touch..
and the correct answer follows this construction..
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html

GMAT online Tutor

Intern
Joined: 09 Nov 2015
Posts: 31
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V29
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Feb 2017, 04:46
In the independent clause 'The VLP, an online version....', VLP encourages visitors To Touch. This Touching results into activation of the animated functions of the piece. If it were present [, + present participle] it would be correct too.

But, I made mistake and didn't select option D. I thought Activate was in plural. Generally, after Thereby in an SC Question we see [, + present participle], so here I got confused and thought that activate is in plural form.

Can you explain the structure of Thereby Activate?
If we are to show Result of the clause, is [Thereby + Plural Verb] correct?
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3188
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Feb 2017, 03:35
2
ravi19012015 wrote:
In the independent clause 'The VLP, an online version....', VLP encourages visitors To Touch. This Touching results into activation of the animated functions of the piece. If it were present [, + present participle] it would be correct too.

But, I made mistake and didn't select option D. I thought Activate was in plural. Generally, after Thereby in an SC Question we see [, + present participle], so here I got confused and thought that activate is in plural form.

Can you explain the structure of Thereby Activate?
If we are to show Result of the clause, is [Thereby + Plural Verb] correct?

"Activate" is not a verb but an infinitive - "activate" is parallel to "touch". "To" is outside the parallel structure and hence covers both "touch" and "activate". The structure is as follows:

.. encourage visitiors TO touch and thereby activate....

The structure is similar to the following:

The school does not allow the children TO go out or play during the class.
Manager
Joined: 29 Feb 2016
Posts: 105
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q49 V35
GPA: 3
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Mar 2017, 05:58
egmat wrote:
SidKaria wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

in option A) which is referring to exhibit because there is no other noun preceding it.which should refer to "touch".
I understand that "to touch" is an infinitive,an action and not a noun.
I want to know that if we use infinitives as subject can we refer to them with "which" or "it"(pronouns)
eg. 1)To err is human. can we now use any pronoun to refer to "to err".
2)to swim is good for health.

Also want to know that if infinitives can be verbs or nouns or play some other role.
eg In the official question "to touch" refers to an action. so can i call it a verb ?
In the 2nd sentence "To err" is the subject. can i call it a noun ??

i think that both the questions are interrelated.

Hi Sid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

You do ask a very interesting question. Let me try to clarify your doubts without creating any further confusions.

The "to verb" or "the infinitive" (for those who prefer jargon" is an action phrase that grammatically acts as a noun. This is the reason why we can use "to err" or for that matter several other "to verb" phrases as the Subject of a sentence. However, they are not the conventional noun, just like the verb-ing" nouns or "gerunds", as they also present some action. Only their grammatical form is Noun but essentially they are action words. This is the reason why we CANNOT use any pronoun, be it the regular pronouns or the Relative Pronouns. to refer to "to verbs". The regular pronouns and the Relative Pronouns ONLY refer to regular conventional noun entities.

So yes, you can call them nouns but just for the grammar sake. In functionality, they are actually action words. However, we cannot call the "to verbs" regular Verbs because they CANNOT have any tense. They are used in the same form in sentences written in past, perfect, or future tense. Again, grammatically they cannot be called Verbs because they are already classified as nouns. And an entity can only perform one grammatical function.

Now, is this knowledge vital for solving SC questions? IMHO, it's not. This is more of a grammar detail that is good to know but not something that will help solve SC problems correctly.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

what is it referring to ?

Thank you.
_________________

Find what you love and let it kill you. — Charles Bukowski

GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Joined: 20 Nov 2016
Posts: 286
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Mar 2017, 07:02
1
Quote:
what is it referring to ?

Hi sumanainampudi! The correct answer uses "activate" instead of "activates" because it is the infinitive form ("to activate", not "to activates"); however, in this case, the "to" is implied and does not need to be written. For example, you could say, "I asked my friend to go to the store and (to) buy milk.", but you cannot say, "I asked my friend to go to the store and buys milk." Who is going to the store? "my friend". Who is buying milk? also "my friend". Similarly, in the OG example, the "visitors" are responsible for both actions, touching and activating. Since the infinitive "to touch" is used for the first action, the infinitive form "(to) activate" must also be used; this makes it clear that the visitors are responsible for both actions.

I hope that helps!
_________________
Retired Moderator
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 969
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Sep 2017, 12:34
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Manager
Status: IF YOU CAN DREAM IT, YOU CAN DO IT
Joined: 03 Jul 2017
Posts: 209
Location: India
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jan 2018, 22:47
Can someone help me with this question. I think the answer A is correct because Exhibit which is singular and so we need a singular activates and so options D and C are out. Why is this logic incorrect . Help me. Thank you
Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 976
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jan 2018, 23:48
longhaul123 wrote:
Can someone help me with this question. I think the answer A is correct because Exhibit which is singular and so we need a singular activates and so options D and C are out. Why is this logic incorrect . Help me. Thank you

Hi longhaul123, in A which is modifying exhibit, thereby suggesting that exhibit activates the animated functions of the piece.

The intended meaning is that the touch activates the animated functions of the piece.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and &nbs [#permalink] 09 Jan 2018, 23:48

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 28 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Events & Promotions

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.