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# Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2016, 03:46
iliavko wrote:
Is there any "which\that" rule violation here? Or is which\that irrelevant for this sentence?

Hi,
yes which/that are wrong here..
which would modify a NOUN, here it ILLOGICALLY modifies exhibit..
1)"activates" can either by result of the earlier phrase --encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit--

then it could be --- encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, thereby activating ....
OR
2) activate could be Parallel TO touch..
and the correct answer follows this construction..
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2017, 03:46
In the independent clause 'The VLP, an online version....', VLP encourages visitors To Touch. This Touching results into activation of the animated functions of the piece. If it were present [, + present participle] it would be correct too.

But, I made mistake and didn't select option D. I thought Activate was in plural. Generally, after Thereby in an SC Question we see [, + present participle], so here I got confused and thought that activate is in plural form.

Can you explain the structure of Thereby Activate?
If we are to show Result of the clause, is [Thereby + Plural Verb] correct?
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2017, 02:35
2
ravi19012015 wrote:
In the independent clause 'The VLP, an online version....', VLP encourages visitors To Touch. This Touching results into activation of the animated functions of the piece. If it were present [, + present participle] it would be correct too.

But, I made mistake and didn't select option D. I thought Activate was in plural. Generally, after Thereby in an SC Question we see [, + present participle], so here I got confused and thought that activate is in plural form.

Can you explain the structure of Thereby Activate?
If we are to show Result of the clause, is [Thereby + Plural Verb] correct?

"Activate" is not a verb but an infinitive - "activate" is parallel to "touch". "To" is outside the parallel structure and hence covers both "touch" and "activate". The structure is as follows:

.. encourage visitiors TO touch and thereby activate....

The structure is similar to the following:

The school does not allow the children TO go out or play during the class.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 04:58
egmat wrote:
SidKaria wrote:
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates

in option A) which is referring to exhibit because there is no other noun preceding it.which should refer to "touch".
I understand that "to touch" is an infinitive,an action and not a noun.
I want to know that if we use infinitives as subject can we refer to them with "which" or "it"(pronouns)
eg. 1)To err is human. can we now use any pronoun to refer to "to err".
2)to swim is good for health.

Also want to know that if infinitives can be verbs or nouns or play some other role.
eg In the official question "to touch" refers to an action. so can i call it a verb ?
In the 2nd sentence "To err" is the subject. can i call it a noun ??

i think that both the questions are interrelated.

Hi Sid,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

You do ask a very interesting question. Let me try to clarify your doubts without creating any further confusions.

The "to verb" or "the infinitive" (for those who prefer jargon" is an action phrase that grammatically acts as a noun. This is the reason why we can use "to err" or for that matter several other "to verb" phrases as the Subject of a sentence. However, they are not the conventional noun, just like the verb-ing" nouns or "gerunds", as they also present some action. Only their grammatical form is Noun but essentially they are action words. This is the reason why we CANNOT use any pronoun, be it the regular pronouns or the Relative Pronouns. to refer to "to verbs". The regular pronouns and the Relative Pronouns ONLY refer to regular conventional noun entities.

So yes, you can call them nouns but just for the grammar sake. In functionality, they are actually action words. However, we cannot call the "to verbs" regular Verbs because they CANNOT have any tense. They are used in the same form in sentences written in past, perfect, or future tense. Again, grammatically they cannot be called Verbs because they are already classified as nouns. And an entity can only perform one grammatical function.

Now, is this knowledge vital for solving SC questions? IMHO, it's not. This is more of a grammar detail that is good to know but not something that will help solve SC problems correctly.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

what is it referring to ?

Thank you.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2017, 06:02
1
Quote:
what is it referring to ?

Hi sumanainampudi! The correct answer uses "activate" instead of "activates" because it is the infinitive form ("to activate", not "to activates"); however, in this case, the "to" is implied and does not need to be written. For example, you could say, "I asked my friend to go to the store and (to) buy milk.", but you cannot say, "I asked my friend to go to the store and buys milk." Who is going to the store? "my friend". Who is buying milk? also "my friend". Similarly, in the OG example, the "visitors" are responsible for both actions, touching and activating. Since the infinitive "to touch" is used for the first action, the infinitive form "(to) activate" must also be used; this makes it clear that the visitors are responsible for both actions.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2017, 11:34
Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

A. exhibit, which thereby activates
B. exhibit, in turn an activation of
C. exhibit, and it will activate
D. exhibit and thereby activate
E. exhibit which, as a result, activates
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2018, 21:47
Can someone help me with this question. I think the answer A is correct because Exhibit which is singular and so we need a singular activates and so options D and C are out. Why is this logic incorrect . Help me. Thank you
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2018, 22:48
longhaul123 wrote:
Can someone help me with this question. I think the answer A is correct because Exhibit which is singular and so we need a singular activates and so options D and C are out. Why is this logic incorrect . Help me. Thank you

Hi longhaul123, in A which is modifying exhibit, thereby suggesting that exhibit activates the animated functions of the piece.

The intended meaning is that the touch activates the animated functions of the piece.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2019, 15:16
Hello Everyone!

Let's take a closer look at this question and decide how to narrow it down to the correct choice quickly! To start, here is the original question with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

(A) exhibit, which thereby activates
(B) exhibit, in turn an activation of
(C) exhibit, and it will activate
(D) exhibit and thereby activate
(E) exhibit which, as a result, activates

After quickly glancing over the options, there are a couple places we can focus on to start narrowing down options:

1. Transition after "exhibit:" ,which / ,in turn / ,and / and / which, as a result
2. Vert tense & parallelism: activates / activation / activate

Let's start with #1 on our list: how to proceed after the word "exhibits." This problem mainly focuses on making sure we use transitions and modifiers correctly:

(A) exhibit, which thereby activates

This is INCORRECT because adding the comma + which turns the phrase into a modifier. Any comma + which modifier must refer back to the closest preceding noun, which in this sentence is the exhibit. Does the exhibit activate the animated functions? NO! The person's touch activates it! So let's rule out this option.

(B) exhibit, in turn an activation of

This is INCORRECT because using the phrase "in turn an activation of" doesn't really make sense. First, the phrase "in turn" can only be used to introduce new clauses, which would need their own nouns and verbs to work. In this case, the phrase "in turn an activation of..." is missing a solid verb for it to make sense, so let's rule this one out as well.

(C) exhibit, and it will activate

This is OKAY for now. It's clear that the touching and activating of the animated functions happen, for the most part, at the same time. Both items use parallel structure by using singular verbs (touch/activate), so let's keep this one for now.

(D) exhibit and thereby activate

This is OKAY for now. It's also clear that we're talking about two actions the people are performing (touch/activate), and both are worded using parallel structure. Let's keep this one for now.

(E) exhibit which, as a result, activates

This is INCORRECT because, yet again, we have a "which" modifier used incorrectly. This sentence suggests that the nearest noun (exhibit) activates the animated functions, which isn't correct - the people do this through their touch. So let's rule this out.

We can eliminate options A, B, and E because they all created confusing or misleading modifiers. Now that we've narrowed it down to only 2 options, let's take a closer look at each one to determine which is the best option:

(C) exhibit, and it will activate

This is INCORRECT because it contains a vague pronoun! What is the word "it" referring back to: the touch, the visitors, the exhibit? It's not clear, so we need to toss out this option. The GMAT really doesn't like vague pronouns, so whenever you see one, it's a good indicator that you're looking at a wrong option!

(D) exhibit and thereby activate

This is CORRECT! By using the word "and," the sentence is clearly showing that the visitors are doing 2 actions: touch the exhibit and activate the animated functions. Both actions are worded using parallel structure by using singular verbs (touch/activate). It is clear and concise, just like the GMAT prefers!

There you go - option D is the correct choice!

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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2019, 06:19
754. Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy, where the models are encased in glass or operated only by staff members, the Virtual Leonardo Project, an online version of the museum, encourages visitors to “touch” each exhibit, which thereby activates the animated functions of the piece.

(A) exhibit, which thereby activates (“which” refers to the closest noun ‘exhibit’. It distorts the meaning. Each exhibit cannot activate the animated functions of itself.)

(B) exhibit, in turn an activation of (It fails to convey the intended meaning)

(C) exhibit, and it will activate (‘it’ cannot refer to verb ‘touch’)

(D) exhibit and thereby activate(to touch each exhibit and thereby (to) activate)….is correct structure.
(E) exhibit which, as a result, activates (the action of touching activates the animated functions)
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy  [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2020, 00:04
Explanation:

A. Eliminate.
Which' incorrectly modifies ‘exhibit’. It should modify the infinitive ‘touch’.

B. Eliminate.
"in turn an activation" modifies "exhibit" - this is illogical.

C. Eliminate.
"it" seems to incorrectly refer to "the Leonardo Project". Causality is not expressed clearly.

This option is concise and expresses causality correctly.

E. Eliminate.
‘Which' incorrectly modifies ‘exhibit’. It should modify ‘touch’ instead. Same reason as A.
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Re: Unlike the original National Museum of Science and Technology in Italy   [#permalink] 12 Mar 2020, 00:04

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