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# Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier

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Joined: 30 Apr 2012
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2015, 19:05
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Expert's post
nishant.1987 wrote:
[ Excuse my obvious question. I want to make sure I understand which statements.

In the correct answer choice sentence, "Unlike the flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft, which were capable of carrying..."

"Which" refers to "flights of the shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "shuttle and earlier aircraft," or "earlier aircraft?"

Basically, if a question asks, "Unlike x and y, which blah blah blah," can I understand that which refers to "x and y" rather than just "y? ]

Hi Experts I am re-posting the doubt asked by Banaorange. What is 'Which' referring to here? As it is a pronoun, it should refer to only one antecedent and that also with no ambiguity. Here it is not clear. How can 'Which' refer to both shuttle and earlier aircraft??

With "shuttle and earlier aircraft" you are dealing with a compound noun. This compound noun is viewed as a single, plural grouping. It would take a plural verb and can be referred to as a grouping with "which".

KW
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2015, 03:02
Hi Kyle,

I checked more on compound noun and how it is made by combining at least one noun and another noun or adjectives.

So does it holds true for any pronoun such as that, whom, when, who etc. They can refer to a compound noun in a sentence just like which does?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 05:37
D is my choice

B - sufficient and enough can't be together
A, C, E - out, due to comparisons
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2015, 09:02
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hoogie wrote:
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

Correct idiomatic usage of Unlike is -

Unlike X , Y ( Where X and Y are both Nouns.)

A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - Incorrect
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - Correct

Unlike the shuttle and earlier spacecraft,which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Incorrect

Hence IMHO (D)
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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whi [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 00:20
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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel
cells and batteries
, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.
A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells
and batteries
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their
short flights
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient
enough power in fuel cells and batteries
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells
and batteries for their short flights
E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient
power in fuel cells and batteries

Can't decide between A and E .

Last edited by crackgmat15 on 20 Jun 2015, 22:18, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whi [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 00:25
crackgmat15 wrote:
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel
cells and batteries
, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.
A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells
and batteries
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their
short flights
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient
enough power in fuel cells and batteries
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells
and batteries for their short flights
E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient
power in fuel cells and batteries

Can't decide between A and E .

Are you sure OA is E?

I think D is the correct answer
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whi [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2015, 02:10
Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 30 Apr 2012
Posts: 796
Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2015, 05:44
nishant.1987 wrote:
Hi Kyle,

I checked more on compound noun and how it is made by combining at least one noun and another noun or adjectives.

So does it holds true for any pronoun such as that, whom, when, who etc. They can refer to a compound noun in a sentence just like which does?

These relative pronouns can refer back to either a singular or plural antecedent and the antecedent could be a compound noun (plural). You need to be aware of number agreement with the personal/impersonal pronouns that show do indicate number: he, she, it, its, they, them, their.

KW
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 05:30
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

"short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft" which makes it plural, so i think using "whose" make it sound better than using which. Please clarify
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2016, 13:36
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Expert's post
deepthit wrote:
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

"short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft" which makes it plural, so i think using "whose" make it sound better than using which. Please clarify

"Which" is both the plural form and the singular form.
The pen, which you gave me, is lost.
The pens, which you gave me, are lost.

"Whose" is also both the plural form and the singular form, but in possessive. Note that "whose" is the possessive form of both "which" and "who".

The briefcase, whose handle is broken, is lost. (possessive of "which" - singular)
The briefcases, whose handles are broken, are lost. (possessive of "which" - plural)
The girl, whose father came yesterday, is sick. (possessive of "who" - singular)
The girls, whose fathers came yesterday, are sick. (possessive of "who" - plural)
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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 05:52
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights
E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries

[Reveal] Spoiler:
In the question attached, I did not mark 'D' because of ',which rule'.

Option D. The shuttle and earlier spacecraft,which were capable of ....

here 'which' refers to 'spacecraft' [singular] and the verb used is 'were' [plural] . Hence the confusion. Please help.

Last edited by Abhishek009 on 04 Sep 2016, 07:26, edited 1 time in total.
Edited
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 07:13
casperatwork wrote:
Attachment:
4.docx

In the question attached, I did not mark 'D' because of ',which rule'.

Option D. The shuttle and earlier spacecraft,which were capable of ....

here 'which' refers to 'spacecraft' [singular] and the verb used is 'were' [plural] . Hence the confusion. Please help.

'Which' in the above example refers to both 'shuttle' and 'spacecraft', hence the verb is plural i.e. 'were' and also 'their' in the follow up of the same sentence.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2016, 07:29
Please go through this post regarding the Which rule...

unlike-the-short-flights-of-the-shuttle-and-earlier-74277.html#p1725081
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2016, 23:42
egmat

Hello Team,
Isn't the meaning of sentence changed between option B and E . So how option E is correct?
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 19:30
Ganganshu, D is the correct answer. E isn't correct because it compares the flights of the shuttle with a permanently orbiting space station. The orbiting station should be compared with the shuttle.
Anyway, the question in the SC Latest Collection by Souvik has the Unlike underlined too. I was almost certain the question was wrong.
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 06:06
Here, we have an "Unlike, A ,B" comparison. Hence, A and B must be parallel.
A= Shuttle and earlier spacecraft
B= space station

"permanently, orbiting" is just the adverbial phrase to describe the space station.
The original statement is incorrect as it illogically compares the short flights of shuttles and earlier spacecraft to the spcae station. This is not a parallel comparison. We must compare shuttle and earlier spacecraft to space station. A, C and E are out. "With" used in B is not the right modifier as it slightly distorts the compariosn between the capabililties of the earlier spacecraft and the space station.
Which correctly modifies the closest noun, i.e. spacecraft. D is correct.
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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whi [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2017, 06:06
This topic have been merged with: http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic-140295.html
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 21:09
Here is my take.
a) Modifier issue. Flights vs space stations
b) Sufficient and enough are redundant in a sentence. Use one.
c) Modifier Issue
d) Correct- No obvious error
e) Modifier Issue
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Re: Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2017, 06:38
Expert's post
Top Contributor
Whether relative pronouns such as who, that, which etc can refer to both the elements of a compound noun or should it modify only the noun just in front.
Let's take the cue from Official examples.

Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of the Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader.

(A) Published in Harlem, the owner and editor of the Messenger were two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader. -- Wrong, since the relative pronoun' that' refers to both the people but Chandler OWEN was never a labor leader.

(B) Published in Harlem, two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, were the owner and editor of the Messenger. --- wrong as for the same reasons in A.

(C) Published in Harlem, the Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and Chandler Owen.-- correct structure. Note the interchange of the placement of the two nouns, since only PR became the labor later.

(D) The Messenger was owned and edited by two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, and published in Harlem. -- same error as in A and B

(E) The owner and editor being two young journalists, Chandler Owen and A. Philip Randolph, who would later make his reputation as a labor leader, the Messenger was published in Harlem.-- same error as in A, B, and D.

OA is C. It is clear that wherever the pronoun has to refer to a particular individual thing. Then the noun and its pronoun should be separately stated; Otherwise, it is bound to refer to the compound noun. For example, we can say that the US and Britain, which fought the WWII together won a decisive victory. Therefore, pronoun reference is context related and not formula related.
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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 06:18
Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries, a permanently orbiting space station will have to generate its own electricity.

A. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which carried sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Comparison issue - flights and space station
B. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, with sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - usage of with sufficient power is unclear-- what has sufficient power ; sufficient enough is redundant
C. the short flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which enabled them to carry sufficient enough power in fuel cells and batteries - Comparison issue ; sufficient enough is redundant
D. the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, which were capable of carrying sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries for their short flights - Correct
E. the flights of the shuttle and earlier spacecraft, whose shortness allowed them to carry sufficient power in fuel cells and batteries - Comparison issue

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Unlike the short flights of the shuttle and earlier   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 06:18

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