Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend

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Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 10:14
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Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

71% (02:07) correct 29% (01:18) wrong based on 106 sessions

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Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka are concentrated in the monsoon months, June to September, and the skies are generally clear for the rest of the year.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(B) Unlike the United States farmers, who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains.
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02 Aug 2011, 13:49
E is right.

(A) Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka - US is compared to rain. wrong.

(B) Unlike the United States farmers, who can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka - US farmers are compared to rains.

(C) Unlike those of the United States, where farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, most parts of Sri Lanka's rains - Clause gives more info about those. who are those? hanging modifier. wrong.

(D) In comparison with the United States, whose farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, the rains in most parts of Sri Lanka - again US is compared to rain

(E) In the United States, farmers can usually depend on rain or snow all year long, but in most parts of Sri Lanka the rains. - concise, clear, idiomatic.

My approach:

1. Read the sentence without the clause. Does it make sense? Logically? Grammatically?
2. Go for concise answer choice.
3. Rule out answer choices by pointing out obvious errors.
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03 Aug 2011, 06:44
The reason why E is the correct choice is rather through POE. You may see, choices A through D flaunt blatantly wrong comparisons. E, using a normal declarative compound sentence, ingeniously dodges the rigors of a complex comparison
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03 Aug 2011, 11:31
Why do you need a comma after *United States* in choice E? Comma somehow looks very awkward. The next closest choice is C; however, I am not sure about the reference of *those*, although it looks like it may modify rains in the second sentence.
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05 Aug 2011, 19:31
In the United States, farmers can usually ==> comma signifies a breather/pause.

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Re: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2015, 09:00
I really don't see why this pause is necessary in E. This comma makes it awkward! If there were no comma I would have chosen E the first time I read it, instead I had to eliminate all other four options before arriving at the answer E.

Can any expert please advise on the use of the comma right after "United States" in E?
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Re: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2015, 20:09
The knowledge of "Punctuation" is typically not tested in GMAT Sc. So, do not worry about the usage of comma after United states.

This question typically tests the knowledge of Like /Unlike rule (Commonly tested rule in GMAT).

Typically the structure of like/unlike is - Like/Unlike X,Y - A test taker needs to identify the objects (X & Y) geeting compared.In addition, X& Y needs to be parallel.

In this question, all the four options (A to D) are not parallel. E - uses the parallel marker "BUT" and the contrasting elements are parallel
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Re: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2015, 23:06
mascarfi
Regarding the use of a comma or its omission, please see the link below, point 3. It is common place but not compulsory to omit a comma after an introductory element. It also says that to avoid any possible confusion, use a comma as it is always correct.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm
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Re: Unlike the United States, where farmers can usually depend   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2015, 23:06
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