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# Unmasking Independent Clauses and Dependent Clauses

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Prerequisites for an Independent/Main Clause:

1. One Subject-Verb Core
2. A complete thought

A simple sentence is an Independent Clause.

Ex: Mary prepares a study schedule every Sunday evening .

However, a “subject-verb core” can contain more than one subject and/or more than one verb. There is still one subject-verb core if all the subjects in the clause relate to all the verbs.

Ex: Mary and Poppins prepare a study schedule every Sunday evening and eat fundue.

So even though there are two subjects and two verbs, there is only one subject-verb core.

Prerequisites for a Compound Sentence :

1. Two or more simple sentences (main clauses) form a longer sentence by using an appropriate joining word or phrase. The new sentence is called a compound sentence.

The list below contains examples of joining words and phrases that can be used to form compound sentences, grouped under different cateogories/ideas

and, as well, furthermore, in addition

Cause and effect:
for, so, as a result, consequently, therefore

Contrast:
but, yet, however, instead, nevertheless, on the other hand

Time:
afterwards, eventually, later, meanwhile, next, then

Examples:
for example, for instance, to illustrate

Alternatives:
or

There are two main ways to punctuate compound sentences, depending on which word or phrase you use to join the main clauses.

I. IC,{Co-ordinating conjunction} ic

IC, For ic
IC, And ic
IC, Nor ic
IC, But ic
IC, Or ic
IC, Yet ic
IC, So ic

This list is exhaustive.

IC;furthermore, ic
IC;nevertheless, ic

The above list is not exhaustive.

There is no need to memorize all the words which can act as a connecting adverbs. Just get an idea of the different categories/ideas and make a proper mapping between the given words and the respective ideas.

Thus, "For instance" would fall under the category/idea of "Examples."

Similarly, "On the other hand" can be mapped to the category of "Contrast."

III.IC;ic

One also join two main clauses with only a semicolon, but one must make sure that the relationship between the clauses it so clear that you do not need a joining word, for example :

Some people are born to greatness; others have greatness thrust upon them.

I would not say he is a friend; I would say he is a long-time acquaintance.

Detour :What is a clause?

A group of words containing a subject and a verb. It can either be an Independent Clause(a sentence) or a dependent/subordinating clause

While a main clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence, a dependent clause does not express a complete thought. Note the difference between the following two constructions:

Pam tried to leave work on time. [This construction is a main clause.]

Although Pam tried to leave work on time [This construction is a dependent clause.]

Prerequisites for a Complex Sentence :

1.A Dependent/subordinate clause
2. An Independent Clause

A Complex Sentence has one dependent clause headed by a subordinating conjunction/relative pronoun joined to an independent clause.

I.The Subordinating conjunctions can again be classified as by the ideas they express:

Cause and effect:
because

Contrast:
although,even though

Time:
after, as soon as, before, since, until, when, while

Condition:
if, unless

Because a dependent clause does not express a complete thought, it must be attached to a main clause.When joining ideas to create a complex sentence, put the idea you want to emphasize in the main clause.

Angie tied to leave work on time. She was detained by a last-minute phone call.

Although Angie tried to leave work on time, she was detained by a last-minute phone call. [This sentence emphasizes the idea that Kamille was detained by a phone call.]

Disclaimer: This is a reproduction of resources from various Online sources.This post should only be treated as a gentle push for the mentioned topic.
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Re: In a nutshell:Independent Clause and Dependent Clause [#permalink]

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Re: In a nutshell:Independent Clause and Dependent Clause   [#permalink] 24 Sep 2013, 08:45
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