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# Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule

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Intern
Joined: 09 Jul 2013
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Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 01:49
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

33% (02:05) correct 67% (01:26) wrong based on 708 sessions

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hey,
i found this question on Veritas Prep,

Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

A.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
B.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
C.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
D.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
E.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

can anyone explain how is it possible to use like in order to list examples, i tought that it must be "Such as"?
Thanks :D
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 28 Aug 2013, 02:21, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic.Please don't reveal the OA.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 04:42
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benyahalom wrote:
hey,
i found this question on Veritas Prep,

Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

A.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.
B.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” requiring that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
C.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
D.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required that condominium associations receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and have no more than 20 percent from other sources, such as ground-floor rent for restaurants.
E.Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations to receive at least 80 percent of their gross income from their tenant-shareholders, and to have no more than 20 percent from other sources, like ground-floor rent for restaurants.

can anyone explain how is it possible to use like in order to list examples, i tought that it must be "Such as"?
Thanks :D

In option A..."Like" is used to compare two things("income from other sources" with "ground-floor rent") not to list examples.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 05:01
Yes that is what they knew most people will assume, but in the context of sentence like is correct, as like is being used to compare sources of income.

Also "other sources such as ground floor rent for restaurants" is not correct.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2013, 23:57
Can anyone help explain the difference between " required that condominium associations receive at least 80 ," and "required condominium associations receive at least 80 ?"

Thanks
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2013, 00:02
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animanga008 wrote:
Can anyone help explain the difference between " required that condominium associations receive at least 80 ," and "required condominium associations receive at least 80 ?"

Thanks

Second one is just wrong. required takes either that or to form. So required that or required condominium associations to would be correct.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2013, 16:42
animanga008 wrote:
Can anyone help explain the difference between " required that condominium associations receive at least 80 ," and "required condominium associations receive at least 80 ?"

Thanks

Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule” required condominium associations receive at atleast 80 - this is wrong because it seems the rule required condominium whereas originally the sentence means to say - the rule required that "condominium associations receive at least the condomi 80" (i.e the whole clause after THAT is what rule implied to say not just the condominium (as without using that would imply) .It's a meaning error !
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 00:57
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mohit879 wrote:

In option A..."Like" is used to compare two things("income from other sources" with "ground-floor rent") not to list examples.

How do we know that like is being used to compare and not to list examples?
My impression was that restaurant is an example of the source
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 01:10
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happyinlove505 wrote:
mohit879 wrote:

In option A..."Like" is used to compare two things("income from other sources" with "ground-floor rent") not to list examples.

How do we know that like is being used to compare and not to list examples?
My impression was that restaurant is an example of the source

The ground floor rent IS NOT one of income sources for the condominum associations (CAs), but it IS one of income sources for restaurants. So, the "other sources" for CAs are compared to the other sources for restaurants (such as ground-floor rent), and the "ground-floor rent" is not an income source for CAs, thus it is not an example of "other sources" for CAs.

This is the case with the "like".

Further, "required that" uses correct Command Subjunctive. As to the previous posts, the "have" in the second clause can be omitted without any damage to the sentence. It is redundant. The comma before ", and" is also correctly placed, as a comma between two long parallel clauses should be (also before the coordinating conjunction and!).

A is the best answer choice
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2013, 19:38
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Here is the official explanation from Veritas.

Answer is (A). The primary difficulty in this question refers to a false decision point between “such as” and “like”. Generally speaking, you use “such as” when what follows is an example of what precedes it and you use “like” when you are making a comparison. However, grammar experts do not agree on this usage and many top editors (including most at the New York Times) permit the usage of like in examples like “colors like pink and red.” Be careful about applying rules that you think are strict when they really are not: in math 2 + 2 is always 4 but in grammar there are few absolutes. Therefore, at the end both “like” and “such as” are acceptable so you must find other decision points.

In (B) there is no active verb as “requiring” is just a participle. In (C), (D), and (E) “have no more…” is incorrect: you do not “have 20% of your income from other sources” you “receive 20% of your income from other sources”. Only (A) gets the predication correct: “require that associations receive at least 80% from this…, and no more than 20% from other sources” The comma confuses some students but it is there to make it clear that the first part ends after “from shareholders.” The sentence is really “receive at least 80% from this and no more than 20% from this…”.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2013, 21:17
use LIKE with a noun..use as with a clause
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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18 May 2014, 00:19
I think we better stop learning from this sentence. What matters here is the GMAC's style.
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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule [#permalink]

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28 Sep 2015, 15:35
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Until 2010, a state tax regulation known as the “80-20 rule   [#permalink] 28 Sep 2015, 15:35
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