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# Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world

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Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 19:51
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Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 20:02
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.
(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

No OA for this

Clear E for parallelism.

American Presedinet lived in which X, in which Y, and in which Z

A is close enought but has small problem. (extra "and" is unnecessary)

American Presedinet lived in which X, and Y, and Z
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 20:26
I'll go with A

Cheers,
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 22:06
Agree with suresh....
E clearly displays parallelisim

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 23:40
why not B?
3 modifiers changing "a world" correctly
a world
in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate

where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction,

and where Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.

X,Y and Z
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2009, 23:48
OA-E
ya got it now
clear ||
in which...in which...in which...
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2012, 06:06
I know this question has been discussed several times, but I would like to ask experts to chime in and help explain the difference between (C) and (E)?

(C)
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world
(1) in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate,
(2) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction AND Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them

doesn't (2) perfectly and grammatically explain (1)???

(E)

Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world
1. in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate,
2. in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction,
AND
3. in which Americans judged national leaders receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them

This one also looks fine, but it feels as if it talks about the same thing

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2012, 08:29
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Expert's post
Hi,

Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.

The sentence means that till very recently, American presidents had distinct public and private lives, the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.
So clearly here we have a list. American presidents lived in a world in which:
i. the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate,
ii. the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.

1. Per the sentence, all the three entities listed in meaning analysis are separate. Hence all the entities must be logically as well as grammatically parallel. But in the sentence they are not. “in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate” is not grammatically parallel to “the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction” and “Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them”. Since the first entity completely lies in the non-underlined portion of the sentence, we need “in which” before the other two entities as well.
2. In a list, comma + and is used before the last entity to denote that there are no further entities in the list. Hence use of “and” before the second entity in the sentence is incorrect.

POE:

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and: Wrong as discussed.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where: The first entity has “in which” in the beginning. So we need “in which” in the beginning of the other two entities as well to make them grammatically parallel. Use of “where” is incorrect as it results in parallelism error.

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and: As already discussed in the meaning analysis, all the three entities are separate from each other. This choice connects all the three entities with each other. The choice is grammatically correct but distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. It now means that Americans presidents could maintain distinct public and private lives because the press allowed them to maintain that distinction and the Americans also did not care about getting personal information about their national leaders.
This distortion in the meaning makes choice C incorrect.

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for: Wrong. The last entity is not parallel to the other two entities in the sentence. This choice connects the last two entities that distorts the intended meaning of the sentence. Hence this choice is grammatically correct but leads to meaning distortion and hence is incorrect.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which: Correct answer. This choice has complete parallelism and conveys the intended meaning of the sentence.

1. It is very important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence.
2. Identify the correct parallel list in the sentence.
3. All the entities in the list must be grammatically as well as logically parallel to each other.
4. Avoid answer choices that distort the intended meaning of the sentence even if they are grammatically correct.

The concepts tested in this sentence have been covered in e-gmat concepts:
1. Level 1 – Significance of Meaning (This concept features in Preview Level 1 Concepts that are available in Free Trial. Just register and learn.)
2. Level 1 – Parallelism – Identify and Correct
3. Level 1 – Parallelism – Helpful Tips

Hope this helps.

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 10:23
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Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national leaders without receiving, or expecting, intimate information about them.

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 11:47
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national
The basic problem here is the conjunction "and" , which is not necessary and is not intending the right meaning, so it should be replaced
(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
in a world is inferring to a situation so "in which"is the proper modifier.
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
"....the public for...." incorrect
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
incorrect
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which
in which is modifying "in a world"
and is correctly used and parallelism is maintained
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 18:11
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3
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Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and

The parallelism of 'in which' is violated by two 'and's.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where

The 'where' clashes with the 'in which.' Typically, unless you are talking about a specific place, use 'in which.'

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and

Here we are erroneously implying that the press caused the separation in the 'public and private realms.'

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for

'the press...' would form a comma splice.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

This choice maintains parallelism by use of the 'in which' across the three phrases A, B, and C. Each of the 'in which' correctly modify 'world.'
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 19:50
thevenus wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national
The basic problem here is the conjunction "and" , which is not necessary and is not intending the right meaning, so it should be replaced
(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
in a world is inferring to a situation so "in which"is the proper modifier.
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
"....the public for...." incorrect
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
incorrect
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which
in which is modifying "in a world"
and is correctly used and parallelism is maintained

thanks sir ,
'
can you differentiate where 'which and where' shuold be employed????

your explanation for third option i.e for usqge is not clear ..
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2012, 20:25
mohan514 wrote:
thevenus wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national
The basic problem here is the conjunction "and" , which is not necessary and is not intending the right meaning, so it should be replaced
(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
in a world is inferring to a situation so "in which"is the proper modifier.
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
"....the public for...." incorrect
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
incorrect
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which
in which is modifying "in a world"
and is correctly used and parallelism is maintained

thanks sir ,
'
can you differentiate where 'which and where' shuold be employed????

your explanation for third option i.e for usqge is not clear ..

Where is used to infer a place, Which is used to infer a situation/condition
In this question "in the world" is a situation in which the Presidents lived, so which is used.(There are not many worlds, so presidents can't have ant option to live in some other world rather they may live in the same world with different situations/conditions such as,political, fiscal or social etc..)

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2012, 09:18
Where is used to infer a place, Which is used to infer a situation/condition
In this question "in the world" is a situation in which the Presidents lived, so which is used.(There are not many worlds, so presidents can't have ant option to live in some other world rather they may live in the same world with different situations/conditions such as,political, fiscal or social etc..)
[/quote]
thanks sir..

but the world here looks like place a bit confused but your explanation has made it clear..

dont know if i ll be overcoming this problem in similar type of question
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 06:14
1
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mohan514 wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and Americans judged national
(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where
(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and
(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for
(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

Hi there, thanks a lot for your question.
But in the future, please use underline to make it easier for people to read. Doesn't take too long and makes a big difference
Thanks
Cheers
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2013, 16:02
ChrisLele wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and

The parallelism of 'in which' is violated by two 'and's.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where

The 'where' clashes with the 'in which.' Typically, unless you are talking about a specific place, use 'in which.'

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and

Here we are erroneously implying that the press caused the separation in the 'public and private realms.'

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for

'the press...' would form a comma splice.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

This choice maintains parallelism by use of the 'in which' across the three phrases A, B, and C. Each of the 'in which' correctly modify 'world.'

Can you kindly explain more why D is wrong ?

Best,
Kassim

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2014, 13:17
kassim wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and

The parallelism of 'in which' is violated by two 'and's.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where

The 'where' clashes with the 'in which.' Typically, unless you are talking about a specific place, use 'in which.'

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and

Here we are erroneously implying that the press caused the separation in the 'public and private realms.'

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for

'the press...' would form a comma splice.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

This choice maintains parallelism by use of the 'in which' across the three phrases A, B, and C. Each of the 'in which' correctly modify 'world.'

Can you kindly explain more why D is wrong ?

Best,
Kassim

I was also between D and E but chose E because I thought that cooperating in maintaining sounded better than cooperated to mantain

Just my 2c, hope someone can help this guy and clarify
Cheers

J

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 04:39
ChrisLele wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and

The parallelism of 'in which' is violated by two 'and's.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where

The 'where' clashes with the 'in which.' Typically, unless you are talking about a specific place, use 'in which.'

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and

Here we are erroneously implying that the press caused the separation in the 'public and private realms.'

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for

'the press...' would form a comma splice.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

This choice maintains parallelism by use of the 'in which' across the three phrases A, B, and C. Each of the 'in which' correctly modify 'world.'

Can Someone explain the role of "For" in option C?
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 06:56
1
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Expert's post
smartguy595 wrote:
ChrisLele wrote:
Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world in which the
public and private realms of their lives were largely separate, and the press
cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and
Americans judged national

(A) and the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and

The parallelism of 'in which' is violated by two 'and's.

(B) where the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and where

The 'where' clashes with the 'in which.' Typically, unless you are talking about a specific place, use 'in which.'

(C) for the press cooperated to maintain the distinction and

Here we are erroneously implying that the press caused the separation in the 'public and private realms.'

(D) the press cooperated to maintain the distinction, for

'the press...' would form a comma splice.

(E) in which the press cooperated in maintaining the distinction, and in which

This choice maintains parallelism by use of the 'in which' across the three phrases A, B, and C. Each of the 'in which' correctly modify 'world.'

Can Someone explain the role of "For" in option C?

Hi,
he role of 'for' is ofcourse illogical here..

But 'for' can be used in this form, meaning 'because of'/'because'..

I was tired, for I had played cricket throughout the day..
I was very happy with her, for she supported me in all situations..
I gave few examples on usage of 'for', for smartyguy wanted clarity on the usage..
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Re: Until quite recently, American presidents lived in a world   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2016, 06:56

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