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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering

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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Mar 2019, 03:12
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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

(A) Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
(B) During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
(C) In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
(D) Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
(E) Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered


https://www.nytimes.com/1985/12/22/nyregion/art-arctic-visions-the-art-of-the-inuit-at-the-montclair-museum.html

An Asiatic people, the Inuits arrived in Canada during the last Ice Age, but some time after the Indians. Until quite recently, they led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to northern-central Canada, and structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, sods and skins.

Originally posted by prasannar on 29 Apr 2008, 10:54.
Last edited by Bunuel on 24 Mar 2019, 03:12, edited 6 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2010, 21:32
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Hey All,

I got asked to take this one on by PM.

Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
ANSWER: The list starts after "sheltering". "In igloos" is parallel to "in structures".

B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
PROBLEM: You can't say "during recent times." During has to be an isolated time frame (During the next five years, during the war, etc.). Also, it would set up present perfect tense, not the present tense.

C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
PROBLEM: "In the times that are recent" is ridiculous, and the past tense wouldn't make sense (but little here does).

D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
PROBLEM: The "up" is unnecessary. The present perfect tense starts in the past and continues into the present. But the use of "until recently" implies that this has stopped, so the present perfect doesn't work.

E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered
PROBLEM: "Until recent time" is gibberish. "leading a nomadic existence" isn't modifying the Inuits anymore.

Hope that helps!

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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 16:57
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Hey Kaja,

General grammar rules are not necessarily the rule on the GMAT, so be careful where you're looking.

Either way, however, I don't think you read my post correctly. "Until" CANNOT have the present perfect tense, as I say in answer choice D. That's because the word "until" implies that something has stopped ("I came here until..." implies I don't come here anymore), but the present perfect tense is used for something that CONTINUES in the present.

Also, I didn't say the "up" was wrong, only that it was unnecessary. Shorter is always better, when all else fails.

-t
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2008, 18:51
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prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in
igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada,
and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence,
sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic exis-
tence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic exis-
tence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people
were sheltered.


I go for A.
For D, if we take out the modifying clause, it means intuit people have sheltered in igloos until recently. I don't think that's the intended meaning.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Apr 2008, 17:17
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Wow ... this is a toughie. +1
I go for A.

B can be rejected straight away with the "lead" and C can be rejected because of awkward "In the times that were recent". D has incorrect present perfect - have sheltered.

So now we're left with A and E. Both use a present participle - A uses "sheltering" and E uses "leading" . I just feel that E's "leading" is more wrong than A's "sheltering". "leading" is incorrect since it changes the meaning and implies that they are still leading a nomadic life, whereas A clearly says they they "led" the nomadic life, and dont do so anymore.

prasannar wrote:
Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2008, 12:23
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I would also go for A but for little different reasons-
B-during recent times is wordy and awkward
C- In the times that are recent, wordy and awkward
D-Up until recently, wordy and awkward
E-Until recent times, wordy and awkward
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Nov 2017, 04:39
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Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering - Correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering. - "Recent times" are in the past but "Lead" (≠ "led") is the present tense. That's nonsense with a past timeframe.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered. - wordy -"In the times that are recent"
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered. - "Up" is redundant, since "until" already carries this meaning. The sentence implies that the Inuit are no longer nomads. "recently", albeit not too long ago, is still a time in the past. So, you need the past tense. In that choice, you'd want "sheltered". Not "have sheltered"
E. Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered. - changes the meaning -they led a nomadic existence should be the main sentence and they slept in certain types of housing should be modifier

Answer A
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 02:08
A. Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering------ correct
B. During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering.
C. In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered.
D. Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered.
E. Until recent time, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2010, 04:56
Thanks tommy!

After reading your post, I looked up "until" in some decent online dictionaries, and really can't find any sample sentences that uses present perfect tence with "until" .

Also, per cambridge online dictonary, "up until"="up to" and both are preposition, which I think can just be used in front of noun.

until & up until:
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... up-to_2__3
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/diction ... sh/until_1
http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/until
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2018, 21:14
the good explanation of present perfect is here. this is good for this question.
https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com ... t-use.html

be patient to read it. it is helpful
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2019, 08:32
[quote="prasannar"]Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering in igloos, the ice-block domes that are peculiar to north-central Canada, and in structures made of stones, bones, driftwood, and skins.

(A) Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering
(B) During recent times, the Inuit people lead a nomadic existence, sheltering
(C) In the times that are recent, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltered
(D) Up until recently, the Inuit people, leading a nomadic existence, have sheltered
(E) Until recent times, leading a nomadic existence, the Inuit people were sheltered

the difference between present perfect and simple present is tested many times on gmat. this point is basic and not easy.
present simple show a general truth, which is alway correct.
present perfect shows an action begining in the past and continue until present or an action finished in the past but its time frame continue until present time.

apply above rule
choice B
during must go with a period. "lead" is present simple, which show a general truth, which is alway correct. general truth can not be fit with a period shown by "during". wrong
a second point is that we can not say "during recent timeS". we say "during the recent time" . we can not have many recent times. we have the recent time. so, there is the error choice c and e present.
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Re: Until recently, the Inuit people led a nomadic existence, sheltering   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2019, 08:32
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