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# Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as

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SC Moderator
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Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2018, 08:40
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Question Stats:

91% (00:59) correct 9% (01:20) wrong based on 601 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 20: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects

(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

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There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2018, 08:52
D?
"The Number" is singular. So "The Number" will either "affects" or "effects". A and C are out.
The distribution is "affected" by NOT "effected" by. So B and E are out.

Please do correct me if I am wrong.

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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2018, 12:57
1
Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A)for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect : amount should not be used for countable nouns, affect should be affects as the subject is singular

(B)for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects : for the reason because is unidiomatic; correct verb is affects

(C)in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect same errors

(D)because the number of low-income people in a given area affects : all issues corrected

(E)because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

Hence D
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Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2018, 22:39
Use of 'for the reason' is unidiomatic. A ,B out.
Between D and E ,the answer is D,the number is not changed by the amount of fund but the opposite so affect is correct use.
also it is 'the number' so it will be affectS.
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2018, 23:34
1
should be D. didnt find any error in it
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2018, 16:42
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 20: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects

(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

The best answer will start with because. The initial phrase of A is wordy, that of B is unidiomatic, and that of C does not precisely establish causal relationship. Also, amount is incorrect; number refers to a group of countable members, whereas amount is for undifferentiated masses such as sand or water. There is no subject-verb agreement in A (amount . . . affect), C (amount . . . effect), or E (numbers . . . effects); moreover, the proper verb here is affects, not effects. In E, numbers and areas should be singular, not only to agree with the verb but also to refer precisely to the sum total of low-income people in each region where the census is conducted. Choice D is the best answer.
_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

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My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2018, 22:21
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 20: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects

(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

A - amount of people - incorrect

B - same error as in A

C - same error as in A

D - the number is singular and is used correctly- correct

E- the numbers is plural and hence incorrect usage.
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2019, 03:28
1
aragonn wrote:
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 20: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects

(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Official Explanation:

The best answer will start with because. The initial phrase of A is wordy, that of B is unidiomatic, and that of C does not precisely establish causal relationship. Also, amount is incorrect; number refers to a group of countable members, whereas amount is for undifferentiated masses such as sand or water. There is no subject-verb agreement in A (amount . . . affect), C (amount . . . effect), or E (numbers . . . effects); moreover, the proper verb here is affects, not effects. In E, numbers and areas should be singular, not only to agree with the verb but also to refer precisely to the sum total of low-income people in each region where the census is conducted. Choice D is the best answer.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect - Wrong: 1) Should use "number" instead of "amount" to refer to countable noun "people". 2) SV mismatch: "amount" should be used with "affects" and not "affect"

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects - Wrong: 1) Should use "number" instead of "amount" to refer to countable noun "people". 2) These words "reason because" together are redundant.

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect - Wrong: 1) Should use "number" instead of "amount" to refer to countable noun "people". 2) SV mismatch: "amount" should be used with "affects" and not "affect"

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects - Correct

(E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects - Wrong: 1) Idiom: Should be "the number of" instead of "the numbers of".
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2019, 18:10
Top Contributor
Just two basic points:
1. We don't describe people as the amount of people. It has to be only ' the number" A, B and C are out.
2. The subordinate clause requires a verb. 'Effects' in E is not a verb. It is a plural noun. Therefore only D.
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as  [#permalink]

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05 Oct 2019, 03:08
aragonn wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 20: Sentence Correction (SC2)

Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as possible for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect the distribution of about fifty billion dollars a year in federal funds.

(A) for the reason that the amount of low-income people in a given area affect

(B) for the reason because the amount of low-income people in a given area effects

(C) in that the amount of low-income people in given areas effect

(D) because the number of low-income people in a given area affects

(
E) because the numbers of low-income people in given areas effects

The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!

Subtle one.
First split: Subject verb agreement: amount of / number of --> singular.
Second split: Affect vs effect. Affect is impact and usually a verb, effect is result of a change and usually a noun.

There are plenty of other faults with A, B, and E as well. But the above will quickly and convincingly give you correct D
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Re: Urban officials want the census to be as accurate and complete as   [#permalink] 05 Oct 2019, 03:08
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