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# Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and"

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Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 00:24
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Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by kiranjith on 16 Jan 2014, 02:29, edited 1 time in total.
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16 Jan 2014, 01:19
kiranjith wrote:
In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?

Consider the sentence,

The report linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly (consumption) of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

We are talking about a list - consumption of alcohol, consumption of red wine and so 'and' is separating the two entities in the list. The removal of that extra consumption is called ellipsis, and as long as the sentence is clear, you can omit repeated or obvious words.

Usually ellipsis comes to play during comparisons and while introducing examples (as shown above)
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2014, 02:46
kiranjith wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?

u have to understand the structure and meaning of the sentence before blindly following a rule. comma + and is followed by and ic but depending on the structure. in this sentence this comma has got nothing to do with and . this comma has been used to separate this extra information "and particularly of red wine" from 'with a reduced risk of heart disease'. this perticular line 'and particularly of red wine' is nothing but extra info, take it as an example of alcohol for which this is mostly applicable, so it is separated from the main part of the sentence by a comma and that comma is not a part of and. heres a example for ur better understanding:
i ate a meal of quinoa, a protein-rich grain from south america, and chicken breast. In this sentence theres a comma +and but that comma is not a part of and. the comma has been used to seperate the modifier 'a protein-rich grain from south america' from the main sentence.
hope this clears ur doubt.
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 06:24
Am I correct in eliminating all other choices except A on the basis of the usage of incorrect positioning of personal pronouns such as 'they' and 'them'? Or am I missing something. Kindly comment.

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DJ
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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24 Jan 2014, 11:50
Hi Kiranjith,

You are right in saying that 'and' is not really required in this case, since this part is just modifying the previous case. While this structure is slightly unusual, by understanding the function of the phrase beginning with 'particularly', you can be sure that this part is only giving extra information and does not need to be an IC.

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2015, 08:44
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and" [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2016, 06:25
kiranjith wrote:
Sales of wines declined in the late1980s,but they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease.

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease
(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again
(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again
(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again
(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again

In choice A why isn't ",and" in ", and particularly of red wine, with ...." not followed by a Independent clause?Isn't that mandatory?is "and" really necessary?

(A) they began to grow again after the 1991 report that linked moderate consumption of alcohol, and particularly of red wine, with a reduced risk of heart disease. 'they' correctly refers to 'sales of wines'. correct parallelism- 'moderate consumption OF alcohol, and particularly OF red wine'

(B) after the 1991 report that linked a reduced risk of heart disease with a moderate alcohol consumption, particularly red wine, they began growing again 'they' is very far from 'sales of wines'. Also 'to grow' is better than 'growing'

(C) in a 1991 report, moderate alcohol consumption, and particularly of red wine, which was linked with a reduced risk of heart disease, caused them to begin to grow again 'which' wrongly modifies 'consumption of red wine'

(D) with a reduced risk of heart disease linked in a 1991 report with moderate alcohol consumption, in particular red wine, they began growing again. Not the intended meaning

(E) a reduced risk of heart disease linked to moderate alcohol consumption in a 1991 report, and in particular red wine, started them growing again 'in particular red wine' ??
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Re: Sales of wines declined.usage of ",and"   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2016, 06:25
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