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use of that vs it

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Intern
Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 41

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use of that vs it [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2010, 09:43
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I have a basic question related to usage of that vs it.

As per MGMAT, that is used to indicate new copy of the antecedent.

e.g - The money spent by her parents is than THAT spent by her children.

Can we replace THAT in the above example with IT

i.e - The money spent by her parents is that IT was by her children.

Is the above example corrent ?

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 3

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 184

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 7

Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Re: use of that vs it [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 19:08
I think the example you're referring to has a "more" in it that you forgot to type:

"The money spent by her parents is more than THAT spent by her children."

If this is the case, then your answer is: No, you cannot replace "THAT" with "it" because the THAT is referring to the money spent by her children. If you replace "THAT" with "IT" then you'd be saying:

"The money spent by her parents is more than (the money spent by her parents) spent by her children."

This sentence, of course, doesn't make much sense.

Good luck!
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Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 7

Intern
Joined: 07 Dec 2009
Posts: 41

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 3

Re: use of that vs it [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 19:24
In the example -

The money spent by her parents is more than THAT spent by her children.

I think "THAT" is referring to "the money".

i.e
The money spent by her parents is more than THAT(the money) spent by her children.

Hence the question whether you can replace "that" with "it" ?

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 3

Manhattan Prep Instructor
Joined: 22 Sep 2010
Posts: 184

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 7

Schools: MBA, Thunderbird School of Global Management / BA, Wesleyan University
Re: use of that vs it [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 19:31
You're exactly right. "That" is referring to "the money" without the modifier "spent by her parents." You can not replace the "that" with an "it" because "it" can only refers to an antecedent in the sentence. "That" can refer to just a part of the antecedent (the money).

I can't think of any specific examples where you can use "that" and "it" interchangeably. When you use "that" as a pronoun, you introduce a new variation of the subject.
_________________

Brett Beach-Kimball | Manhattan GMAT Instructor

Manhattan GMAT Discount | Manhattan GMAT Reviews

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 7

Intern
Joined: 25 May 2014
Posts: 48

Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 59

Re: use of that vs it [#permalink]

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02 May 2015, 05:49
BKimball wrote:
You're exactly right. "That" is referring to "the money" without the modifier "spent by her parents." You can not replace the "that" with an "it" because "it" can only refers to an antecedent in the sentence. "That" can refer to just a part of the antecedent (the money).

I can't think of any specific examples where you can use "that" and "it" interchangeably. When you use "that" as a pronoun, you introduce a new variation of the subject.

Hi

can you please explain why the usage of 'that' is wrong in Option B of below question.

A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
(A) believed to be
(B) and that is believed to be
(C) and it is believed to have been
(D) which was, it is believed,
(E) which is believed to be

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Re: use of that vs it   [#permalink] 02 May 2015, 05:49
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