It is currently 19 Oct 2017, 13:51

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

BSchool Forum Moderator
Joined: 02 Oct 2009
Posts: 589

Kudos [?]: 449 [0], given: 412

GMAT 1: 530 Q47 V17
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V36
Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 08:37
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

95% (00:21) correct 5% (00:14) wrong based on 84 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Used until the end of the Second World War, the German army employed the U-boat to attack both military or civilian watercraft.

A the German army employed the U-boat to attack both military or
B the U-boat was employed by the German army to attack both military and
C the U-boat employed the German army to attack both military or
D the German army had employed the U-Boat to attack both military and the
E the U-boat has been employed by the German army to attack both military and also

after narrowing down to B & E.

Used until the end of the Second World War

I feel "until" specifies time frame so has been employed is more appropriate than was employed.

I agree both military and also is wrong grammar and is enough to eliminate option E, But i just want to find out whether Usage "has been employed" is more apt than was employed
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by RaviChandra on 14 Aug 2013, 23:14, edited 1 time in total.

Kudos [?]: 449 [0], given: 412

Director
Joined: 14 Dec 2012
Posts: 832

Kudos [?]: 1594 [0], given: 197

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.6
Re: Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 08:44
RaviChandra wrote:
Used until the end of the Second World War, the German army employed the U-boat to attack both military or civilian watercraft.

A the German army employed the U-boat to attack both military or
B the U-boat was employed by the German army to attack both military and
C the U-boat employed the German army to attack both military or
D the German army had employed the U-Boat to attack both military and the
E the U-boat has been employed by the German army to attack both military and also

after narrowing down to B & E.

Used until the end of the Second World War

I feel "until" specifies time frame so has been employed is more appropriate than was employed.

I agree both military and also is wrong grammar and is enough to eliminate option E, But i just want to find out if Usage "has been employed" is more apt than was employed

hi,

If you want to talk about a specific, completed time period, use the Simple Past, not the Present Perfect:
Wrong: Veronica HAS TRAVELED all over the world in 2007.
Right: Veronica TRAVELED all over the world in 2007.

Note that it is fine to write Veronica has traveled all over the world and omit any specific, completed time reference.

above is MANHATTAN SC GUIDE EXCERPT.

now in this question UNTIL SECOND WW==>Completed time..
hence use of present perfect is wrong

THATS why OPTION B is correct.

hope it helps
_________________

When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe ...then you will be successfull....

GIVE VALUE TO OFFICIAL QUESTIONS...

learn AWA writing techniques while watching video : http://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-analytical-writing-assessment

Kudos [?]: 1594 [0], given: 197

SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2138

Kudos [?]: 1601 [0], given: 8

Location: New York, NY
Re: Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Aug 2013, 10:34
Yes, good points.

As a clue for when to use "has employed"----one keyword to look for is "SINCE"

As an example: "Since the end of the war, X has employed.."

But otherwise, with:

"Up until the end of the war, X employed.." - would be what we want.

In our example above, the wording is:

"Used until the end of the war, X was employed..." indicating that X was the one being "used" -- (B)

Kudos [?]: 1601 [0], given: 8

Director
Joined: 26 Oct 2016
Posts: 694

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 855

Location: United States
Schools: HBS '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q51 V44
GPA: 4
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Sep 2017, 07:41
The original sentence uses the introductory adjective modifier “used until the end of the Second World
War”; The U-boat, the subject of the modifier, should immediately follow the modifying phrase.
Additionally, the expression “both military or civilian” is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is “both military
and civilian.”

(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.

(B) CORRECT. The noun “U-boat” properly functions as the subject of the modifying phrase.
Additionally, the idiomatic “both military and civilian” is properly used at the end of the sentence.

(C) This choice changes the intended meaning of the original sentence to one that is nonsensical. The
U-boat, a boat, cannot “employ the German army” to do anything. Furthermore, the “both military or
civilian” construction is unidiomatic.

(D) This choice incorrectly uses “the German army” as the subject of the introductory phrase.
Additionally, this choice creates a verb tense error by unnecessarily switching to the past perfect “had
employed” and a parallelism error by using the “both military and the civilian” construction.

(E) This choice uses the present perfect tense “has been employed,” incorrectly indicating that U-boats
are still used by the German army. Furthermore, the “both military and also civilian” is unidiomatic.
_________________

Thanks & Regards,
Anaira Mitch

Kudos [?]: 179 [0], given: 855

Re: Used until the end of the Second World War,the German army   [#permalink] 15 Sep 2017, 07:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by